From the day we’re born, we need certain essentials to be able to live.  Food, air, water, clothing, shelter, to name a few. Every one of these items allow us to get on with our every day lives and until the day we die, we will never stop requiring these things.

Even if you’ve led a less than healthy lifestyle yourself, you can easily stop today and start experiencing a healthy life. A healthy detox is but one method for taking care of your body.

A healthy detox is the means of clearing your body of harmful chemicals and toxins which are damaging to your overall health. Our bodies usually works much like a well-oiled machine by doing this for you without you ever needing to think about it.

The liver functions to keep your body clean and protect against toxins from getting into the blood stream. If your liver gets overworked, the process could fail, or perhaps stop. Bad eating and lifestyle choices could wear down its normal mechanism. That’s why a healthy detox is really beneficial.

Ideally, a healthy detox plan should really last from one week to a month and never be performed over three times per year.  Too much detoxification may have side effects on your body and make nutritional deficiencies and imbalances. That said, a proper detox is often integrated into your normal everyday routine.

Strategies to achieve Healthy Detox

Eating a healthy diet – Detox calls for decreasing the processed foods you usually eat and alternatively replacing them with more healthy alternatives for a more healthy diet. Fresh fruits plus vegetables are the key components for a healthy detox. There’s also legumes, nuts, seeds as well as whole grains available.

There’re foods which provide natural vitamins and minerals necessary for your body and the same time are great for your digestion. Additionally, you should eat more frequently throughout the day.

Eating 4-6 small sized meals or snacks at equal intervals during the day is ideal. If you must eat that unhealthy food, try to have it prepared differently making it less harmful, possibly grilling, steaming, or baking rather than frying.

Water Therapy – Drinking 6-8 glasses of water per day is highly encouraged. Healthier fluids can be replaced such as green teas, herbal tea and vegetable juice.

Regular exercise – Laying on the couch watching TV does absolutely nothing for your body’s health. Try getting away from non-active activities. Try gentle aerobic exercise to strengthen one’s heart and lungs. Not only will it to help you get moving, but a number of nasty toxins can be excreting via sweat while you workout.

Rest and sleep – Getting sufficient rest and sleep assists your body in regeneration and restore your body back to its original functioning.

Reducing alcohol and cigarettes It’s best to not drink or smoke. These are contributory causes to an unhealthy lifestyle so they should be used moderately or even excluded completely if at all possible.

Nutritional supplements- Dietary supplements are food enhancers that allow the body a chance to process foods regularly. Multivitamins and antioxidants should be used as supplements, and should never be used as a replacement for fruits and vegetables.

Clearly, a healthy detox is the best method of not just cleansing, refreshing and strengthening your body, but also the mind.  It is an essential part of living a healthy lifestyle and will provide you with much more energy, a more powerful immune system.

If you are searching for a way to reduce stress, increase your energy level, lose weight and get back to optimal health, a Healthy Detox could be your answer to what’s keeping you from feeling like a kid… full of energy and optimism.

Joel Shapiro’s Loss and Regeneration poignantly addresses the disintegration of families and the tragedy of lives interrupted by the Holocaust. Shapiro’s work, situated on the plaza along Raoul Wallenberg Place, consists of two bronze elements that engage in symbolic dialogue.

After visitors have viewed the exhibitions chronicling the ghettos and the death camps, they enter the second-floor lounge to encounter a wall drawing by Sol LeWitt, entitled Consequence. Five large squares dominate the long wall.

Each square is bordered in black, and contains a central gray square outlined with a band of white. In between the white and black contours are subtle colors of varying hues.

The rhythmic pattern of squares within squares invites introspection, while the fields of color suggest absence. It represents lives, families, and communities made vacant as a consequence of the Holocaust.

Visitors encounter Ellsworth Kelly’s work in the third-floor lounge after touring the exhibition sequences that recount the escalation of Nazi violence between 1933 and 1939. In contrast to the dimly-lit exhibition spaces, the lounge is high-ceilinged and filled with light.

On two opposing walls are Kelly’s four wall sculptures, collectively entitled Memorial. The largest of four pieces is a white fan-shaped panel that stretches almost 27 feet at its widest point and floats several inches from the wall.

Opposite are three identical, evenly spaced white rectangles that also project several inches from the wall. Kelly’s sculptures create a constant interplay of light and shadow that changes throughout the day.

The Museum’s first floor holds the Hall of Witness, a large, three-story, sky-lit gathering place. The elements of dislocation that are first introduced outside the building reappear here.

Visitors move through a canopied entrance and cross over a raw steel platform to enter the Hall of Witness. It is a transitional threshold that separates and displaces the visitor from the outside world.

The building employs construction methods from the industrial past. The raw brick is load bearing, turnbuckles connect tie rods, and structure is exposed.

The glass roof shears the building on a diagonal line. The skylight drops beneath the flanking brick walls to the third-floor level, pressing down upon the open space below even as it opens the visitor’s view to the sky above.

Above the skylight, visitors in the Hall can see spectral-like figures crossing overhead on glass bridges that connect the north and south towers, lending an unsettling air of surveillance. The fissure underscores a sense of imbalance, distortion, and rupture, which are characteristics of the civilization in which the Holocaust took place.

Design features that fill the Hall of Witness and recur throughout the building summon more directly the tragic themes of the Holocaust. Crisscrossed steel trappings seem to brace the harsh brick walls against some great internal pressure.

The Hall’s main staircase narrows unnaturally toward the top, like receding rail tracks heading to a camp. The west wall of the Hall of Witness is made of black granite, the east wall of white marble – the former ominous, the latter hopeful.

The play of light and shadow, along with contrasting wide and narrow spaces, arouses contradictory notions of accessibility and confinement. The entire Hall is defined by unpredictability and uncertainty.

Altogether, the interior suggests a departure from the norm, informing visitors that they are in a profoundly different place. It is an environment that stimulates memory and sets an emotional stage for the Museum’s exhibitions.

Memory, above all, defines the Hall of Remembrance, the national memorial to victims of the Holocaust. Occupying the interior of the hexagonal structure that overlooks Eisenhower Plaza, the Hall is a solemn, simple space designed for public ceremonies and individual reflection.

Epitaphs are set onto the limestone walls that encircle an eternal flame. Diffused sunlight illuminates the Hall as it passes through the translucent glass of a high, center skylight.

The floor is red granite, spattered and cracked by natural fissures. Narrow openings on the side walls let in light and offer partial views of the Washington Monument and the Jefferson Memorial.

Jack R. Landry has worked in the travel business for 10 years. He has many recommendations of things to do in Washington DC.

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Jack R. Landry

Making use of persuasive techniques could be the make or break factor of whether someone likes you, trusts you and wants to do things for you. Life can be much easier if you are persuasive and can get other people to do things for you without conflict. Knowing the contrast principle will help in this.

We all perceive things differently because we are unique in our own way. More so the way we interpret two separate objects while looking at them changes depending on the object. The contrast principle can be an excellent technique to use while persuading those who object to your way of thinking. In this article I will show you the contrast technique and how it can help you in your persuasion.

The contrast principle affects the way we see the difference between two things that are presented one after another. If the second item is fairly different from the first, we will tend to see it as more different than it actually is. For example if we are at a party and a gorgeous model walks by followed by a overweight average looking women, we will perceive the average looking women as much uglier than she really is. This is the power of the contrast technique.

How can you apply the contrast technique in your daily life?

This persuasive technique can be applied to your business life. For example if you are selling a product to a customer and your plan is to get a 5% additional mark up on the price than you would first mention that the product is going to go up 10% at this season and then later mention that the product will go up 5%. The contrast is very powerful and the customer will be more persuaded to accept your offer at the 5% increase in fear of getting the 10% increase.

Tired of others moving up around you? Putting in all the hard work but not getting any results? Learn how to persuade in order to instantly put your life on the guaranteed fast track to an increased income and more power and control from your life by learning persuasive techniques

Book Cheap Airfares

If you are planning a holiday trip in or out of the country but still haven’t decided on a date, it is advised that you schedule your holiday trip during the sale season!Low cost airlines usually offer flight sales at regular intervals. Most of the time, these are given during off-peak seasons of the year or during winter time. Ryanair has the most frequent sales and cheapest fares for the off-peak season. Sometimes they even offer free airfares and all that’s left for you to pay are the taxes and small extra fees. The final fee would usually just be calculated according to which airports you will be flying to. If you will be flying from less busy airports during a seat sale, it is guaranteed that you’ll get much cheaper flights. This does not only happen with low cost carriers but also with well-established ones. Just make regular visits to their websites to find out when is the best time to travel fare-wise.

Cheap Flights to Thailand

Budget flights to Thailand or to any of its major cities are not difficult to find for there are so many low cost carriers that service Thailand. Three of the most popular ones are Nok Air, Orient Thai and Bangkok Air. Nok Air was launched in 2004, and flies to destinations like Chiang Mai, Hat Yai, Phuket, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Udon Thani, Trang and Loei from Thailand’s capital city Bangkok. It also offers flights from locations such as Chiang Maito, Chiang Rai, Udon Thani, Pai and Mae Hong Son. Orient Thai on the other hand offers not only domestic flights but also international flights to destinations like Guangzhoi, Hong Kong and Seoul, both from its hubs in Bangkok and Phuket. Bangkok Air can also serve as a good option if you are in search of budget flights. Its offered prices start at $ 100, but one difference it has from other low cost airlines is that it offers free drinks and snacks at its airport lounges.

Intercontinental Low Cost Flights

If you are trying to find cheap and affordable intercontinental flights, there are many low cost carriers available that you can look into, offering airfares that will definitely fit your budget. If you will be flying from the UK and Ireland to the US, Aer Lingus offers cheap and affordable rates for these flights. If you are, however, flying from the Middle East, going to South Asia, North Africa and Turkey, there’s Air Arabia. AirAsia X would be a smart choice though if you are headed to destinations like Australia, China, Taiwan, India and London-Stansted, and will be originating from Malaysia. If you will be originating from Germany and are travelling to Asia, America or Africa, try AirBerlin. Air Transit covers cheap flights from Canada to selected destinations in Europe, Florida and the Caribbean region. For those who will be travelling between North Africa and European destinations like France, Spain, Italy and the UK, Atlas Blue is the carrier you might want to look into.

Cheap Airfares to India

Mumbai is Indias capital city and at the same time, the countrys largest and busiest city. It has a population of more than seven million people and home to a wide collection of tourist destinations people from different parts of the world love to visit. If you are one of those people who can’t wait to experience the culture and traditions of India, book your flights now while it’s early!Airfares to Mumbai are usually cheapest during the days of Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. It is not recommended for you to take Monday flights, as these are more expensive. This day is popular with business travelers, while weekends are popular with people on holidays. So if you are planning to fly to India, avoid these days of the week. You should also check out the carriers Air Deccan, Go Air, Kingfisher Airlines and Air-India Express Fly, especially if you plan to go to Mumbai.

Looking for cheap flights available? Here are tips on how you can easily find Las Vegas cheap flights to any destination of your choice. Enjoy your trip without overspending!

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We all still enjoy singing the ‘oldie goldies’, which, for some reason seem to have a sticking power that carries down through the generations. Many of those old songs are often relegated strictly to music class for the younger set. However, with a little creative thinking, they can be mined for the content of their lyrics which can make a great launch pad for the teaching of ideas, skills and concepts to students of all ages.

More Than Meets the Eye … or Ear

For older students an interesting history research topic could be to find the origins of nursery songs such as London Bridge is Falling Down, Ring Around the Rosey or Rock-a-Bye Baby. They will find some theories that tell of gruesome beginnings for some of their favourite “ditties”. In their digging around, students will encounter references to factual historical events that can open the door to further discussion. They could also be asked to search out all the versions of each song, determine which would seem to be closest to the original lyrics and then decide which theory of origin best suits the song. You now have an opening to make teams and work on debating skills.!

Research skills for younger students can be introduced with songs such as Over in the Meadow or Be Kind to Your Web-footed Friends. Both of these songs contain information related to a science study of animals (classification, adaptations, habitat, habits etc.). Making charts to record and organize information from each verse of a song helps students by focusing on a well-known selection of text and enables them to easily find the information for each heading, which appears in the same location in every verse. Children also enjoy writing their ‘report’ on another animal by writing it in the format of another verse for the song. Each student then prints up his or her verse on a page with a picture of the animal. These can be compiled in a class Song Book as a singing science report.

Five More Songs for Teaching

• Grandfather’s Clock – math … a pendulum experiment … creative thinking
• Five Little Ducks – ESL … math … creative writing … drama
• A-Tisket A-Tasket – creative writing … drama … music history
• Bingo – spelling practice
• Down By the Bay – Social Studies … creative writing

These are just a few ideas to open the door to using songs for teaching in many subject areas. Of course, don’t forget to sing the songs… just for fun!
For more ideas about integrating Songs for Teaching into other areas of the curriculum, visit the music section of Scruffy Plume’s site Play Scripts and Songs for Teaching.

In the night sky, the expanses of space between the stars of the Milky Way appear to be empty. In fact this space is occupied by a very thin gas that is mostly hydrogen and that has mere traces (less than 0.1% by number of atoms) of other elements such as oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen. The gas is also dusty; it contains grains of dust (particulate matter) that, like an interstellar fog, impede one’s view of the stars. This gas is not evenly spread in space, but is clumpy. Although on average there is approximately one hydrogen atom for every cubic centimeter of interstellar space, a clump may be one thousand or more times as dense as a comparable volume of average density. Since about 1970 astronomers have been finding that these denser regions contain a great variety of molecules; about 120 different molecular species have been identified in the interstellar medium. The study of these molecules in the Milky Way and in other galaxies is called astrochemistry.

Astronomers identify interstellar atoms and molecules via spectroscopy . For example, interstellar sodium atoms that happen to be in a line of sight going from a point on Earth’s surface toward a bright star absorb light emitted by that star at a wavelength that is characteristic of sodium atoms (about 589 nanometers; 2.3×10−5 inches). Most interstellar molecules are detected by spectroscopic analysis that measures absorption or emission at radio wavelengths rather than those corresponding to visual light. Astronomers use large radio telescopes to detect radiation emitted by interstellar molecules. These emissions arise because the molecules are set to rotating when they collide with each other. The molecules lose energy and slow down in their rotations by emitting radiation at wavelengths that are specific for them, such that each emission is a “signature” of one type of molecule. For example, the molecule carbon monoxide, CO, may emit at various radio wavelengths, including 2.6 millimeters (0.1 inches), 1.3 millimeters (0.05 inches),0.65 millimeters (0.03 inches), and 0.32 millimeters (0.01 inches). Interstellar gas is usually very cold (around 10 degrees above absolute zero), but even under these conditions the molecular collisions are energetic enough to keep the molecules rotating and, therefore, emitting radiation. About 120 types of molecules have been identified in the space between the stars in our galaxy.

Sometimes these interstellar molecules may be located in warmer regions. If the gas of which they are a part is close to a star, or becomes heated because one clump collides with another, the temperature of the molecules may rise considerably, perhaps to several thousand degrees above absolute zero. In these cases, the collisions between gas molecules are correspondingly more energetic, and molecules may be set to vibrating as well as rotating. For example, a carbon monoxide molecule, CO, vibrates to-and-fro as if the two atoms are connected by a coiled spring. A vibrating molecule also eventually slows down and loses energy (unless it is involved in further collisions) by emitting radiation that is again specific to that particular molecule. In the example of CO, that radiation has a wavelength of about 4.7 micrometers (18.5 × 10 −5 inches), the detection of which necessitates the use of large telescopes that are sensitive to infrared radiation.

The Milky Way, like all other galaxies, was formed from intergalactic gas that was essentially atomic. So where do the molecules come from? One can deduce that they are not left over from the processes that formed the Milky Way because scientists can detect molecules in regions in which they are (currently) being rapidly destroyed; therefore there must be a formation process in operation now. For example, the hydroxyl molecule, OH, can be observed in rather low density interstellar gas regions (containing about 100 H atoms per cubic centimeter) in which it is being destroyed by stellar radiation in a time frame, typically, of ten thousand years. This seems a long time but because the Galaxy has been in existence for a much longer time (about 15 billion years), the OH radicals (and many other species) must have been formed relatively recently in the Galaxy’s history.

Simple collisions between O and H atoms do not lead to the formation of OH molecules, because the atoms bounce apart before they are able to form a chemical bond. Similarly, low temperature collisions between O atoms and H 2 molecules are also unreactive. Astronomers have now determined that much of the chemistry of interstellar space occurs via ion-molecule reactions. Cosmic rays (fast-moving protons and electrons pervading all of interstellar space) ionize molecular hydrogen (H2) and the resulting ions (H2+ ) react quickly with more H2 to form other ions (H3+ ). The H3+ ions drive a chemistry that consists of simple two-body reactions. The extra proton in H3+ is quite weakly bound (relative to the bonding of one proton to another in H2); in a collision an H3+ molecule easily donates its proton to some other species, creating a new molecule. For example, an H3+ ion reacts with an O atom to give OH+ , a new species and the OH+ then reacts with H2 molecules to make, successively, H2 O+ and H3 O+ ions.

This process of H abstraction finishes here, because the O+ ion in H3 O+ has saturated all its valencies with respect to H atoms. However, the H3O+ ion has a strong attraction for electrons because of its positive charge, and the ion-electron recombination leads to dissociation of the ion-electron complex into a variety of products, including OH (hydroxyl) and H2 O (water). Other exchange reactions occur; for example, CO may be formed through the neutral exchange. Similar ion-molecule reactions drive the chemistries of other atoms, such as C and N, to yield ions such as CH3+ and NH3+ . These ions can then react with other species to form larger and more complex molecules. For example, methanol (CH3OH) may be formed by the reaction of CH3+ ions with H 2 O molecules, followed by recombination of the product of that reaction with electrons.  

Ion-molecule reactions, followed by ion-electron recombinations and supplemented by neutral exchanges, are capable of forming the majority of the observed interstellar molecular species. Very large gas-phase reaction networks, involving some hundreds of species interacting in some thousands of chemical reactions, are routinely used to describe the formation of the observed interstellar molecules in different locations in models of interstellar chemistry.

The dust has several important chemical roles. Obviously, it may shield molecules from the destructive effects of stellar radiation. It also has more active roles. We have seen that free atoms in collision may simply bounce apart before they can form a chemical bond. By contrast, atoms adsorbed on the surface of a dust grain may be held together until reaction occurs. It is believed that molecular hydrogen is formed in this way (i.e., through heterogeneous catalysis) and is ejected from dust grain surfaces into the gas volume with high speed and in high states of vibration and rotation. Other simple molecules, such as H2 O, CH4, and NH3, are also likely to form in this way.

In the denser clumps where the gas is very cold, the dust grains are also at a very low temperature (around 10 degrees above absolute zero). Gas phase molecules colliding with such grains tend to stick to their surfaces, and over a period of time the grains in these regions accumulate mantles of ice: mostly H2O ice, but also ices containing other molecules such as CO, CO2, and CH3 OH. Astronomers can detect these ices with spectroscopy. For example, water ice molecules absorb radiation at a wavelength about 3.0 micrometers (11.8 × 10−5 inches), having to do with the O–H vibration in H2O molecules; the molecules do not rotate because they are locked into the ice. In instances in which such ice-coated dust grains lie along a line of sight toward a star that shines in the infrared, this 3.0 micrometer (11.8 × 10−5 inch) absorption is very commonly seen.

Interstellar solid-state chemistry can occur within these ices. Laboratory experiments have shown that ices of simple species such as H2 O, CO, or NH3 can be stimulated by ultraviolet radiation or fast particles (protons, electrons) to form complex molecules, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) containing several benzene-type rings. The detection by astronomers of free interstellar benzene (C6 H6) in at least one interstellar region suggests that this solid-state chemistry may be the route by which these molecules are made.

The primary role that interstellar molecules play is a passive one: Their presence in regions so obscured by dust that we cannot see into them using optical telescopes is used to probe these regions. The most dramatic example of this is the discovery of the so-called giant molecular clouds in the Milky Way and other galaxies via the detection of the emission of 2.6 micrometers (10.2 × 10−5 inches) wavelength radiation by CO molecules present in these clouds. The existence of these huge gas clouds, containing up to a million times the mass of the Sun, was not suspected from optical observations because these clouds are completely shrouded in dust. However, radio astronomy has shown that these clouds are the largest nonstellar structures in the Galaxy, and that they will provide the raw material for the formation of millions of new stars in future billions of years of the Galaxy’s evolution.

The radiation from molecules that we detect can represent a significant loss of energy from an interstellar cloud. Some molecules are very effective coolants of interstellar gases and help to maintain the temperatures of these gases at very low values. This cooling property is very important in clumps of gas that are collapsing inward under their own weight. If such a collapse can continue over vast stretches of time, then ultimately a star will form. In the early stages, it is important that the clumps remain cool; otherwise the gas pressure might halt the collapse. In these stages, therefore, the cooling effect of the molecules’ emission of radiation is crucial. The formation of stars like the Sun is possible because of the cooling effect of molecules. Interstellar chemistry is therefore one factor determining the rate of star formation in the Galaxy. Astrochemists have shown that it takes about one million years for the molecules of a collapsing cloud to be formed; this is about the same amount of time as that required for the collapse itself to become established. The accompanying image illustrates a region of star formation in the Galaxy.

Astrochemistry also has a role that is particularly significant to the human species here on planet Earth. The planet was formed as a byproduct of the formation of the star that is the Sun, and is in effect the accumulation of dust grains that were the debris of large chunks of matter that subsequently impacted and stuck together.: Its aim is to study the transport of prebiological material in the Galaxy and the development of life within suitable environments in the universe. Earth is still subject to the occasional impacts of debris left over from the formation of the solar system. These impacts, now seen as a source of potential danger, in fact once brought prebiotic material to Earth. The oceans arose from the arrival of icy comets, and carbon, nitrogen, and elemental metals were brought by asteroid impacts. These elements and others are necessary for life on Earth, and a new discipline, astrobiology, is coming into being

Dr. Badruddin Khan teaches Chemistry in the University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India.

These days a growing number of people are joining CEO peer groups in the hope of getting insight and expertise of other CEOs that can help them tackle crucial business and strategic management issues and make their organizations more successful and productive. However it is extremely important to join the right CEO group which will be suitable for your needs. A wrong CEO conference is a sheer waste of your precious time and money. Here are few tips to help you choose the right CEO group:

A CEO peer group must boast of varied expertise

Be a part of a CEO peer group in Atlanta or any other city which consists of CEOs from different industries with varied skills and strengths. For instance, joining a group which has CEOs from only manufacturing business will not be fruitful at all. On the other hand, a CEO conference which has an architect, a designer, CEO of a textile industry, someone with a MBA degree and others with varied expertise will promise better results.

Size of the CEO group

Select a CEO group which contains not more than 10 to 15 members. Any group containing more than 15 CEOs will never be able to yield results because more than half the time you will wait for your turn to be heard. Moreover steer clear of any CEO conference which doesn’t boast of a good attendance record of its CEO members. As a CEO group with a poor attendance record will never be able to built an atmosphere of trust and confidence where members can share their problems freely. In short, a CEO conference with 10 to 15 people is an ideal size.

An efficient facilitator

A facilitator or a co-ordinator plays a crucial role in meetings of CEO peer groups. In fact a large part of the success or failure of a CEO group depends upon the facilitator. A facilitator makes sure that each member in the group gets a chance to speak and share his/her problems. He encourages the quiet people to come out with their ideas and problems openly and prevents any CEO or participating member from monopolizing or dominating the conversation. Whether you join CEO peer groups in Atlanta or any other city, make sure you do your research about the facilitator before becoming a part of that group.

Confidentiality matters

Confidentiality is taken very seriously in a CEO peer group. Any breach of information will not be tolerated. After all various CEOs share their ideas, business plans, problems, exit planning strategies openly with other people. If some member is found guilty of passing on information, he or she can be removed from the CEO group.

No soliciting business

A CEO group is designed in a way to allow members to share their problems with other experienced people openly. A CEO conference is not a place to solicit business or refer someone. It is for those who seek practical solutions of their problems which they are unable to get in their own organization.

Before joining any CEO peer group, make sure you keep all these things in mind. A good CEO group can take your business to a new level whereas a bad one can spoil everything. So choose wisely.

Tom Bordon is a freelance writer who has extensively written about CEO peer groups in Atlanta and executive business coaching. His articles focus on guiding CEOs, COOs and top level executives in making new business plans, and exit planning strategies in a CEO conference or a CEO group.

As the healthcare industry in India goes through an expansion spree and gears up to become the best-in-class, IT is increasingly being embraced and adopted by healthcare organisations. While for some organisations the motivation for IT implementation is propelled by intention to automate and modernize their functioning, many others are doing it simply to follow the fad.

Whatever the reason, ‘e’ has slowly started getting the better share of healthcare (although long awaited). However, the trend is quite new and very nascent, as compared to other countries. There is a clear crunch of adequately qualified and relevantly experienced IT manpower in this domain and so far it has not been smooth sailing for most organisations.

Among all this, people who are facing most of the brunt are those who are managing IT in healthcare organisations. While the coveted designation of Chief Information Officer (CIO) has quite smartly been adopted by some of the big players in the industry, to a large extent, it remains an ornamental position in the corporate structure, with limited authority and at times with just a shadow power. This issue emerges time and again during interactions with such people.

In reality, the corporate power centre remains with CEOs/COOs/CFOs, particularly when it comes to actual decision-making like IT budgeting, IT investments and in some extreme cases, even IT procurement and implementation. Often, IT plans proposed by CIOs are derailed by their better ‘Cs’ (if not by high-powered doctors with a strong clout and fan following within the organisation). Reasons would be anything starting from lack of funds, weak business case, internal resistance or many a time, just ignorance.

Quite evidently, there is a real need to rationalise the power play inside corporate boardrooms!

Healthcare is possibly among the most data-critical, information intensive and knowledge driven service sectors. Yet, for long, the industry (particularly in the Indian context) has been one of the slowest adopters of IT.

Currently, the IT penetration in Indian healthcare industry is way too small compared to global standards and according to industry analysts, it will be a while before the health IT market blossoms. However, there is a silver lining to this leading market research firms and IT industry experts have projected India among the fastest growing healthcare IT markets in Asia, following China.

Interestingly, the reason for such slow market growth for health IT and hospital automation solutions and services, is not solely due to lack of funds of healthcare providers. Major investment is already happening for healthcare infrastructure development/expansion and medical equipment, but not comparably so for health IT. While the overall healthcare market in India is expected to reach nearly USD 70 billion by 2012, the potential for medical equipment market over the same time period is pegged at USD 18 billion, while that of health IT market at USD 3 billion.

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A Heath Bar
The Heath bar is an American candy bar made of English-style toffee. A thin hard slab with a milk chocolate coating, the toffee originally contained sugar, butter, and almonds, and was a small squarish bar weighing 1 ounce. The original Heath wrapper design had the name “Heath” printed in a distinctive fashion: two very large “H”‘s bookending “eat.” From its inception in the 1920s, the Heath bar was always somewhat unusual, both because of its simplicity and size.[original research?]
In 1913, L. S. Heath, a school teacher, bought an existing confectionery shop in Robinson, Illinois as a likely business opportunity for his oldest sons, Bayard Heath and Everett Heath. The brothers opened a combination candy store, ice cream parlor, and manufacturing operation there in 1914.
With the success of the business, the elder Heath became interested in ice cream, and opened a small dairy factory in 1915. His sons worked on expanding their confectionery business. At some point they reportedly acquired a toffee recipe, via a traveling salesman, from a Greek confectioner in another part of the state. In 1928, they began marketing it locally as “Heath English Toffee”, proclaiming it “America Finest”.
In 1931, when Bayard and Everett were persuaded by their father to sell the confectionery and work at his dairy, they brought their candy-making equipment with them, and established a retail business there. The Heaths came up with the interesting marketing idea of including their toffee on the order form taken around by the Heath dairy trucks, so that one could order Heath bars to be delivered along with one milk and cottage cheese.
Early ads promoted Heath as a virtual health bar only the best milk chocolate and almonds, creamery butter, and ure sugar cane. The motto at the bottom of one ad read eath for better health! It was surrounded by illustrations of milk, cream, butter, cheese, and ice cream, and off in a special corner a Heath bar and a bottle of soda. The latter was probably Pepsi, as the Heath Co. bottled the drink for a number of years.
The Heath bar started to grow in popularity nationally during the Depression, despite its one-ounce size and the five-cent price, equal to larger bars. Made by hand until 1942, the candy was produced on a major commercial scale for good after the U.S. Army placed its first order of $ 175,000 worth of the bars. The Heath bar had been found to have a very long shelf life, and the Army included it in soldiers rations throughout World War II.
Popularity of the Heath bar grew after the war, although the manufacturing process remained largely a hands-on, family-run operation. All four of L.S. Heath sons, his two daughters, and several grandchildren were involved in the business. In the 1950s, the Heath Toffee Ice Cream Bar was developed, and eventually franchised to other dairies.
In the 1960s, the huge national success of the Heath bar led to family in-fighting of some heat, with at least one grandchild of L.S. Heath thrown out of the business. In the 1970s, the company bought the South Dakota company “Fenn Brothers”, which had produced a clone of Heath toffee Butter Brickle.
Elsewhere, the Heath bar was making its way into other products. Already in use crushed up as a ix-in at Steve’s Ice Cream shops in Massachusetts, the bar became the base for one of Ben & Jerry’s most popular flavors when they opened their first shop in 1978. According to the ice cream’s container, in the early years of Ben & Jerry’s, Jerry would climb a ladder to hurl Heath bars to the floor and break them into pieces. The original Heath Bar Crunch has gone to the “flavor graveyard”, but Coffee Heath Bar Crunch and Vanilla Heath Bar Crunch are still manufactured. A Dairy Queen dish was developed using the candy. Heath bar cakes date from at least the 1960s on.
In the 1980s, a Heath Toffee Ice Cream Sandwich appeared, along with Heath Soft Crunchy a Heath bar for those who didn enjoy the hardness of the original bar. The Heath Bar has also been used for a variation of the Klondike bar involving a toffee flavored ice cream square and a chocolate coating with bits of toffee. Today, in addition to recipes for Heath bar cake and various Heath Bar ice cream desserts, there are Heath bar coffeecakes, pies, cookies, brownies, frosting, cheesecake, milkshakes, tortes, and, in a strange twist, Toffee Crusted Chicken Breast, requiring half a cup of crushed Heath toffee combined with bread crumbs to coat six chicken breasts[citation needed].
In 1989, with the diminishing and splintering of the Heath family, the business was sold to a Finnish company, Leaf, Inc., which in turn was acquired by Hershey in 1996. The Heath bar, however, as manufactured by Hershey, remains much the same as it was in 1928. Hershey had initially created the Skor bar to compete with the Heath bar, before it bought out Leaf, Inc.
Since Hershey acquired its production, the bar has been elongated to be more visually competitive with its candy bar shelf-mates, and now weighs 1.4 ounces. Current ingredients are milk chocolate, sugar, palm oil, dairy butter (milk), almonds, salt, artificial flavor, and soy lecithin. The wrapper’s vintage brown color scheme has been kept in the redesign, and a small seal proclaims the Heath as “Finest Quality English Toffee.” The font used for Heath is quite like that used on the earlier double bar.
Books about the Heath Bar
Richard J. Heath, thrown out of the business in 1969, wrote a tell-all book published in 1995. Bittersweet: The Story of the Heath Candy Co..
Ray Broekel, in his book The Great American Candy Bar Book, reveals that there was more than just the oft Crunchy competing for the true Heath bar market. Mr. Broekel lists such bars as Heath Milk Chocolate with Peanuts, Heath Milk Chocolate Toffee Crunch, and Heath Milk Chocolate with Natural Cereal and Raisins. The regular Heath bar was also packaged as a double bar.
External links
Robinson Chamber of Commerce blog entry on “Heath Candy”
Heath bar product info at page at
Toffee-crusted chicken recipe
v d e
Confectionery products of The Hershey Company
Italics indicates discontinued products.
5th Avenue  Almond Joy  Bar None  Cadbury Creme Egg2  Cadbury Dairy Milk2  Cherry Blossom  Dagoba  Glosette  Heath bar  Hershey bar  Hershey’s Kisses  Hershey’s Kissables  Hershey’s Miniatures  Hershey’s S’mores  Hershey’s Special Dark  Kit Kat2  Krackel  Milk Duds  Mini Eggs2  Mounds  Mr. Goodbar  NutRageous  Oh Henry!1  Rolo2  Reese’s Fast Break  Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups  Reese’s Pieces  ReeseSticks  Scharffen Berger  Skor  Snack Barz  Swoops  Take 5 (Max 5)  Whatchamacallit  Whoppers  York Peppermint Pattie
Bubble Yum  Good & Plenty  Good & Fruity  Hershey’s Cookies ‘n’ Creme  Ice Breakers  Jolly Rancher  Koolerz  Mauna Loa  PayDay  Twizzlers  Zagnut  ZERO
Hershey’s also manufactures Cadbury-branded products in the United States and military chocolate for the U.S. armed forces.
1 Marketed in both the United States and Canada, but only sold as a Hershey’s product within Canada.
2 Marketed in a number of countries, but only sold as a Hershey’s product within the United States.
Categories: Candy bars | Hershey brands | History of Illinois | 1928 introductionsHidden categories: Articles lacking sources from May 2009 | All articles lacking sources | All articles that may contain original research | Articles that may contain original research from August 2009 | All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from September 2009

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