Hasan A. Yahya , a writer from Palestine

In this article we describe the situation in research, science  and technology. Arab countries have some of the lowest levels of research funding in the world. R&D [research and development] expenditure as a percentage of GDP was a mere 0.4 for the Arab world in 1996, compared to 1.26 in 1995 for Cuba, 2.35 in 1994 for Israel, and 2.9 for Japan.

Science and technology output is quantifiable and measurable in terms of the number of scientific papers per unit of population. The average output of the Arab world per million inhabitants is roughly 2 per cent of that of an industrialized country. While Arab scientific output more than doubled from 11 papers per million in 1985 to 26 papers per million in 1995, China’s output increased eleven-fold from one paper per million inhabitants in 1981 to 11 papers per million in 1995. The Republic of Korea increased its output from 6 to 144 papers per million inhabitants over the same period. India’s output, by contrast, barely changed over the period 1981-1995: its output increased from 17 publications per million inhabitants in 1981 to 19 per million in 1995.

In 1981, China was producing half the output of the Arab world; by 1987, its output had equaled that of Arab countries; it now produces double their output. In 1981, the Republic of Korea was producing 10 percent of the output of the Arab world; in 1995, it almost equaled its output. On a per capita basis, the output of the Arab world is within the range of the top R&D-producing group in the developing world: Brazil, China, and India.

Technological development is rather weak in the Arab countries. This is evidenced by the relative position of Arab countries on the UNDP technology achievement index (TAI), which referred to the late 1990s. The TAI could be calculated for only five Arab countries: Algeria, Egypt, Sudan, Syria, and Tunisia—another indication of the poverty of data on knowledge acquisition in Arab countries.

None of these were classified as “leaders,” a category that included countries such as Israel and the Republic of Korea. Sudan was classified as “marginalized,” while the other four Arab countries were classified as “dynamic adopters,” in the same category as Brazil.

In spite of significant internal variability and compared to leaders in the world, Arab countries in general clearly lag behind in technology creation (measured by patents granted to residents) and diffusion of recent innovations (measured by the share of high- and medium-technology exports in total goods exports). On the other hand, Arab countries fared relatively better on diffusion of old innovations (measured by telephone lines relative to population).

Benefiting from research and technological output depends critically on a robust system of national and international linkages among practitioners. Brazil, China, and the Republic of Korea have established system linkages and policies in order to benefit from their national knowledge base. They have adopted technology policies that have enabled them to sustain a high rate of growth combined with a high rate of technology acquisition.

By contrast, the connectivity of Arab scientists within the Arab world is poor at the national and regional levels. The connectivity of individual Arab scientists with international science is better simply because international relations in science provide the means for cooperation. Many of the significant technology-rich industries in the Arab world have been parachuted in as “black boxes” via international consulting and engineering development organizations (CEDOs). However, these installations are not linked to local or regional CEDOs and R&D organizations. Until such connectivity is established, such installations cannot contribute to the scientific and technological development of the Arab world.

During the past 30 years, there has been a massive transformation of industrial firms in OECD countries; outsourcing and subcontracting have contributed to breaking down the vertically integrated firm. Integration has instead taken the form of joining a global web of technological expertise; meanwhile, out-sourcing has promoted the transfer of technology to Asian and Latin American subcontractors along with the transfer of employment from high-cost to low-cost countries. A number of Asian countries in particular have successfully secured a considerable share of subcontracting from major transnational corporations. This contributed to the formation of the celebrated Asian Tigers and others, such as Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. Few Arab countries have benefited from the globalization of outsourcing. (736 words) www.askdryahya.com

Resources:

– Khaled al-Maeena, “A Report which Should Open Arab Eyes,” Arab News, July 5, 2002.

– Rima Khalaf Hunaidi, quoted in a U.N. press release, “U.N. Human Development Report Finds Arab Countries Lagging Behind,” July 3, 2002.

– http://www.escwa.org.lb/information/press/un/2002/july/3.html.

– Sal-ama A. Salama, “Facing Up to Unpleasant Facts,” Al-Ahram Weekly, July 11-17, 2002.

– Thomas L. Friedman, “Arabs at the Crossroads,” The New York Times, July 3, 2002.

– Robert Fisk, “UN Highlights Uncomfortable Truths for Arab World,” The Independent, July 3, 2002.

– Victor Davis Hanson, “A Ray of Arab Candor,” City Journal (Online), July 3, 2002, at http://www.city-journal.org/html/eon_7_3_02vdh.html.

– Al-Jazeerah English

– BBC Arabic Reports

Professor, Dr. Hasan A. Yahya is an Arab American writer, scholar, and professor of Sociology lives in the United States of America,  originally from Palestine. He graduated from Michigan State University with  2 Ph.d degrees. He published 55 books plus (40 Arabic and 15 English), and 250 plus articles on sociology, religion, psychology, politics, poetry, and short stories. Philosophically, his writings concern logic, justice and human rights worldwide. Dr. Yahya is the author of Crescentologism: The Moon Theory,  and  Islam Finds its Way, on Amazon. He’s an expert on Race Relations, Arab and Islamic cultures, he is also, interested in religion, world affairs and  global strategic planning for justice and human rights. www.dryahyatv.com

Grey’s Anatomy actor Jesse Williams gave a passionate speech against the current system of impunity for police brutality. Racists want him fired for it, so they started a change.org petition. Cenk Uygur and Ana Kasparian, hosts of The Young Turks, break it down. Tell us what you think in the comment section below.

“An online petition popped up over the weekend on Change.org calling for Williams to be fired from his longtime role in the hit ABC sitcom Grey’s Anatomy…

The petition was started by a user named Erin Smith, who condemned Williams’s “negative attitude.” Smith also called Williams’s words “hate speech against law enforcement and white people,” and wrapped up with the controversial hashtag #AllLivesMatter…

Williams gave his speech on June 26 after accepting the 2016 BET Humanitarian Award. In it, he gave a searing indictment of racism in America.”*

Read more here: https://mic.com/articles/147731/jesse-williams-spoke-the-truth-about-being-black-in-america-now-he-may-lose-his-job#.Y09GVeF1t

Hosts: Cenk Uygur, Ana Kasparian
Cast: Cenk Uygur, Ana Kasparian

***

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Mobile broadband technology facilitates wireless high speed internet access through portable modem. In this technology digital information is transmitted and received through radio signals. The same technology is used by cell phones. The main difference between regular cell phone technology and mobile broadband technology is that in the case of former, only voice data is communicated, and in the case of latter other types of data like web pages, emails, various types of files are passed on. Various standards adopted by mobile broadband technology are GPRS, IPW, LTE, 3G, WiMAX, Flash-OFDMA, EV-DO, etc. Among the standards, EV-DO and EDGE are widely used on GSM network while HSPDA, HSUPA and HSPA are employed on 3G, Foma and UMTS network.

Categories of mobile network technologies

Cell phone network technologies could be divided into two categories- Global Systems for Mobile communication (GSM) and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA). These two technologies are popular different parts of the world. Europeans prefer GSM while Americans’ first choice is CDMA. The prime technical difference between these two technologies is based on sharing of the space on radio spectrum. Divergent algorithms are used by these two technologies. This feature enables numerous cell phone users to share radio frequencies without creating disturbances in each others’ networks.

3G technology

The most popular standard among all mobile broadband technology standards id 3G or third generation mobile technology. This technology has been developed simultaneously by both GSM and CDMA. Both networks employ their own version of 3G technology to provide high speed internet access to their users.

GSM network features

GSM broadband networks employ the HSDPA technology. HSDPA is the abbreviation of High Speed Down-link Packet Access. HSPDA enabled network can transmit and receive both data and voice signals. This unique feature of this technology allows it users to browse the internet and converse at the same time. In this technology data transfer speed is increased considerably by focusing on downloading information rather than uploading. The average downloading speed of HSDPA is 400Kbps-700Kbps. Special networking hardware is required to access HSDPA mobile broadband. A PC card with broadband features could which be plugged into a laptop is a popular device. Also a gadget with built-in HSDPA card could be used. It is imperative to be I the range of HSDPA signal zone.

CDMA network features

EV-DO technology is used by CDMA broadband networks. EV-DO stands for Evolution Data Optimized. It operates on a part of cell phone network which is dedicated to data only. A huge amount of bandwidth is required for voice calls. CDMA networks increases data transmission rate to a great extent by segregating the data channel from voice channel. It enhances the network speed and thus multimedia, email and internet works much faster. The drawback of CDMA is that conversation and internet browsing cannot go on simultaneously. The average speed of EV-DO is 300Kbps-400Kbps. To access an EV-DO networked-DO hardware is required. This hardware is generally connected to a laptop through an USB port or other standard PC card slots. It acts as an antenna to transmit and receive broadband signals. For fast mobile broadband communication, the device should be within the range of EV-DO network.

Samuel Jefferson is a highly skilled and efficient technical expert. He hails from USA. His high profile technical knowledge owes to his educational background which includes a graduate degree in science and Systems management. He is a prized possession of http://www.knowurpc.org technical team

Once upon a time, there was a man named Martin Luther King, Jr. He taught us that things won’t always be awesome, but your response can be. Remember, things don’t always have to be they are. We can change them! Kids can change them. This Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, celebrate the promise of change with Kid President. // Share on Facebook: http://on.fb.me/1BcZiUH // Share on Twitter: http://bit.ly/1Ch3MWT

Kid President’s Guide to Being Awesome comes out Feb. 3rd. Pre-order here: http://soulpancake.com/kpbook/ How will you #BookItForward? What story has inspired your life? Help us get 10,000 people to gift someone a book they love!

Kid President is Brad Montague (guy who makes all this stuff) and Robby Novak (Kid President).

Follow their adventures:
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This video used to be unlisted but many people have privately asked me to make it public so here it is 🙂 I hope that’s ok. It’s been shot with just my camera mic and in my kitchen so you might hear my fridge humming.
I know I haven’t posted in a while, there have been some complications that limited me in producing the videos, I hope you guys understand. 🙂 I am working on the video for my handsome stallions again, as promised, so I hope you will enjoy it as it arrives. Much love! 😀

Link for the article online : http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/07/28/rustle-tingle-relax-the-compelling-world-of-a-s-m-r/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=1&

Disclaimer: *** This video is created for relaxation, entertainment and ASMR/tingles/chills inducing purposes only. For more information about ASMR phenomenon please click here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_sensory_meridian_response
This video cannot replace any medication or professional treatment. If you have sleep/anxiety/psychological troubles please consult your physician. Thank you 🙂 ***

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The importance of personal research contributing to knowledge cannot be overestimated. Though most of the last discoveries and inventions were made with the participation of big companies, labs and associations, the greatest thoughts are born in a single mind. In order for such thoughts to develop into a proven theory, which practical implications might help the modern society, there is a large amount of work to perform. The success of the work is tied, not only to the efforts of the researchers, but also to many small day-to-day worries. One of the ways to solve worries, such as earnings, expenditures, equipment, travel expenses, is through scientific grants. In that regard, the present article will try to clarify the importance of scientific scholarships to support personal researchers and their studies.

The Problem

Filling a gap in knowledge and making a contribution to a certain field is not only about an idea. This idea, to be researched and tested, requires time, money as well as efforts, proportional to the level of the problem it is about to solve. Even though omitting individual needs, there might be other people involved that needs should be accomplished, besides the expenses of any hardware and software which might be needed. These costs might be hard to bear by big organizations, and so, the load of individual research can be understood.

The Part of Scholarships

The function of scholarships in the problem can be seen in providing the minimum necessary assistance that will help the researcher begin, complete, or implement the research. The major conditions in that matter is for the research to be deserving consideration, an aspect verified at the phase of research proposal. With the aid of scientific scholarships, the researcher is able to cover the expenses involved in the project/research, and at the same time, acquire a salary like the one offered at similar positions.

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Firstly we tend to have the problem of business processes that produce serious metals as a by-product. This can be then discarded of in lakes and rivers. Not solely can your drinking H2O thus be infected, but these metals also are deadly to fish and shellfish.

The entire food chain is thus affected.Industrial waste additionally typically contains alternative toxins that negatively affect all marine life in a very specific area. Some of these toxins can even cause bound species of marine animals to become unable to reproduce. Not solely can this cause harm to those who eat the animals involved, but when these chemicals finish up in a very city’s H20 provide the consequences will be disastrous.Untreated or partly treated sewage water will never end up in your drinking water, right? Wrong. In areas where there’s a scarcity of proper management over sewage H20, or where system leakages occur, the sewage water will simply end up in drinking H20, causing a selection of diseases.You have got little question heard of the concept of acid rain before, but you do understand how dangerous it can extremely be? The pH worth of H20 is changed by the sulfate particles in acid rain, making it more acidic. This in flip affects the entire eco-system of the realm in which it happens and contains a negative result on humans who consume such H20.As a personal you probably can’t do a lot of to combat environmental pollution.

Your only option is not to require part in any activities that can build the matter worse and to take steps to safeguard your family against the consequences of this sort of pollution.Fortunately we have a tendency to today get filters which will remove most if not all of the harmful residue left by H20 pollution. A filter uses either a chemical process or very fine sieves or each to remove impurities.Not solely do you get filters to purify your drinking water, you furthermore mght get filters for your shower, for the pool and even for H20 you use in the garden.

The most recent trend is lightweight, portable filters which hikers can use to own clean drinking water at all times, no matter where they are.You do not need to be a genius to guard yourself against the negative consequences of environmental pollution. With the right reasonably water filter you’ll try this while not any hassle.

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Stan Kurkovsky is a Professor of Computer Science at Central Connecticut State University. His research interests are in the areas of mobile and pervasive computing, software engineering, and computer science education. He has published over 70 peer-reviewed conference papers and journal articles. Dr. Kurkovsky has been serving as the principal investigator on a number of NSF and industry grants with a total funding in excess of two million dollars. He is currently serving as the PI on an NSF TUES/CCLI grant “Using Mobile Game Development to Improve Student Learning and Satisfaction in Introductory Computer Science Courses,” which is directly related to this talk.

Being physically strong is what you need to be to succeed in MMA. In this article, I will tell you some typical exercises that are now being wasted and the perfect exercises to be successful.

 

Many men and women beginning their MMA careers already have some sort of sports background, and therefore have probably already been in the gym for years. Because of this background, many people who begin training for MMA find themselves doing it wrong!

 

They will get in the gym and train just as they always have and add more cardio, but this will not help them in an MMA fight. Weight lifting is purely anaerobic, and cardio is stricly aerobic. An MMA fight will mix both anaerobic and aerobic conditions at the same time, so combine anaerobic and aerobic exercises for the best training.

 

A traditional upper body weightlifting routine that you will find in the average weight loss or fitness book will look like this:

 

* 5 min cardio for warm up

* Bench Press 3×10

* Bent Over Row 3×10

* Bicep Curls 3×10

* Close Grip Bench Press 3×10

* 20-30 minutes cardio

 

Now this would be a great routine if you were looking to get bigger, as most gym goers are. Here’s the problem with that: You do not want to gain tons and tons of pure mass! Pure mass will only slow you down and tire you more quickly. It also is not combining the aerobic and anaerobic portions, as was mentioned earlier, but separating them into two parts. For anybody who has done MMA sparring before, do you remember how exhausted you got after struggling for a takedown for several seconds? Chances are you were doing a workout like this.

 

An MMA weight training workout should look different than a traditional workout. The MMA workout must focus on the body as a whole and have a ferocious blend of strength and speed to producepower. Power comes through explosiveness and core strength, so your workouts should mirror those ideas. Here is an example of what an upper body workout for MMA should look like:

 

* Clap (plyometric) pushups: These are great for improving explosiveness, upper body strength, hand speed, and balance. To perform a clap pushup, simply push with all your strength when at the lowest point in your pushup to propel yourself up. While off the ground, clap your hands together, and return to the originial pushup position.

* Tire Flips: Most gyms should have one of these as part of their training material. Simply bend low at the knees, grip the tire, and lift up and flip the tire over (similar motion to a takedown.) Repeat this action for a given distance.

*Sledgehammer Hit: UFC promos love to show fighters using this move. To perform this move, simply swing the sledgehammer over your head and down onto the tire that is used for the tire flip. Be sure to alternate sides.

* Donkey Kong: This exercise is excellent for training ground and pound again uses the tire. Hold a heavy hammer or mallet in each hand, and kneel on the tire with one knee and swing the hammers at the tire.

* Heavy Bag Slams: Pull out some mats used for throws and a heavy bag equal to your size. Practice lifting the heavy bag and slamming it onto the mat. Again, be sure to alternate sides.

 

Use the above workout when training for a fight, competition, or even if you want to just increase your power and endurance. Even if you are an experienced weightlifter, it is likely that you have not done many of these exercises before and it will help break a plateau. For a greater breakdown of how to stay in shape as an MMA fighter, click here. Happy training!

 

Riece Keck is a strength and fitness enthusiast who has been involved in martial arts for over eight years. He holds a black belt in Kenpo Karate. To learn more about how to get fit for MMA, visit my hubpage at http://hubpages.com/hub/Martial-Arts-Fitness-Training