Child Psychology is one of the branches of Psychology that is much studied nowadays. People are realizing that starting right correlates with a better future, whether through physical, mental or spiritual health. While the genetics of a child can influence their development, the environmental factors can trigger certain personal characteristics more than others. Thus, it is an interesting field of study of how a childs psychology is developed. There are three major contexts that are analyzed when it comes to determining a childs psychology, which are the social, cultural and socioeconomic contexts.
The social context refers to the relationships a child has with the people around them, whether it is their family, peers, or even school. Each of their relationship would overlap one another and affect the way they develop.
The cultural context refers to the values, customs and shared assumptions they grow up with. These are usually influenced by their family or people they highly respect, as well as the education system they grow up with. This is where children learn what is right and wrong, and also learn to have perspectives towards things.
The socioeconomic context refers to the social class in which a child grows up in. This would include factors like the access to education, the income, job opportunities, place of living, as well opportunities or lack of from the social class. Generally, the higher the class a child is brought up in, they would be able to have greater opportunities in education, health care and nutrition as they have the money to live comfortably. Lower classes would not enjoy as much of these, especially if they are not subsidized by the government, which would affect the development of a childs psychology.
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