Archive for the ‘Holocaust Articles’ Category

Joel Shapiro’s Loss and Regeneration poignantly addresses the disintegration of families and the tragedy of lives interrupted by the Holocaust. Shapiro’s work, situated on the plaza along Raoul Wallenberg Place, consists of two bronze elements that engage in symbolic dialogue.

After visitors have viewed the exhibitions chronicling the ghettos and the death camps, they enter the second-floor lounge to encounter a wall drawing by Sol LeWitt, entitled Consequence. Five large squares dominate the long wall.

Each square is bordered in black, and contains a central gray square outlined with a band of white. In between the white and black contours are subtle colors of varying hues.

The rhythmic pattern of squares within squares invites introspection, while the fields of color suggest absence. It represents lives, families, and communities made vacant as a consequence of the Holocaust.

Visitors encounter Ellsworth Kelly’s work in the third-floor lounge after touring the exhibition sequences that recount the escalation of Nazi violence between 1933 and 1939. In contrast to the dimly-lit exhibition spaces, the lounge is high-ceilinged and filled with light.

On two opposing walls are Kelly’s four wall sculptures, collectively entitled Memorial. The largest of four pieces is a white fan-shaped panel that stretches almost 27 feet at its widest point and floats several inches from the wall.

Opposite are three identical, evenly spaced white rectangles that also project several inches from the wall. Kelly’s sculptures create a constant interplay of light and shadow that changes throughout the day.

The Museum’s first floor holds the Hall of Witness, a large, three-story, sky-lit gathering place. The elements of dislocation that are first introduced outside the building reappear here.

Visitors move through a canopied entrance and cross over a raw steel platform to enter the Hall of Witness. It is a transitional threshold that separates and displaces the visitor from the outside world.

The building employs construction methods from the industrial past. The raw brick is load bearing, turnbuckles connect tie rods, and structure is exposed.

The glass roof shears the building on a diagonal line. The skylight drops beneath the flanking brick walls to the third-floor level, pressing down upon the open space below even as it opens the visitor’s view to the sky above.

Above the skylight, visitors in the Hall can see spectral-like figures crossing overhead on glass bridges that connect the north and south towers, lending an unsettling air of surveillance. The fissure underscores a sense of imbalance, distortion, and rupture, which are characteristics of the civilization in which the Holocaust took place.

Design features that fill the Hall of Witness and recur throughout the building summon more directly the tragic themes of the Holocaust. Crisscrossed steel trappings seem to brace the harsh brick walls against some great internal pressure.

The Hall’s main staircase narrows unnaturally toward the top, like receding rail tracks heading to a camp. The west wall of the Hall of Witness is made of black granite, the east wall of white marble – the former ominous, the latter hopeful.

The play of light and shadow, along with contrasting wide and narrow spaces, arouses contradictory notions of accessibility and confinement. The entire Hall is defined by unpredictability and uncertainty.

Altogether, the interior suggests a departure from the norm, informing visitors that they are in a profoundly different place. It is an environment that stimulates memory and sets an emotional stage for the Museum’s exhibitions.

Memory, above all, defines the Hall of Remembrance, the national memorial to victims of the Holocaust. Occupying the interior of the hexagonal structure that overlooks Eisenhower Plaza, the Hall is a solemn, simple space designed for public ceremonies and individual reflection.

Epitaphs are set onto the limestone walls that encircle an eternal flame. Diffused sunlight illuminates the Hall as it passes through the translucent glass of a high, center skylight.

The floor is red granite, spattered and cracked by natural fissures. Narrow openings on the side walls let in light and offer partial views of the Washington Monument and the Jefferson Memorial.

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“There are facts, there are opinions, and there are lies,” says historian Deborah Lipstadt, telling the remarkable story of her research into Holocaust deniers — and their deliberate distortion of history. Lipstadt encourages us all to go on the offensive against those who assault the truth and facts. “Truth is not relative,” she says. Note: Comments are disabled for this video. You are welcome and invited to comment on the talk on,

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Visiting this museum is an emotional experience so be sure that you have enough time and stamina. The permanent exhibits are not recommended for children under 11 years old.

There is a separate exhibit for ages 8 and up that tells the story of the Holocaust through the eyes of a young boy. In the 1930s, the American filmmaker Julien Bryan chronicled life in Poland and Nazi Germany.

When Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Bryan risked his life to record the ferocious siege of Warsaw. Bryan embraced this philosophy throughout his career by aiming to further world understanding through documentary films.

Bryan’s collection includes still photographs and a film gallery. Curators’ Corner is a behind-the-scenes look at the Museum’s collections and the stories they bring to life.

In this monthly series, the museum staff narrates the stories behind artifacts, photographs, and documents in our collections. “Auschwitz: Through the Lens of the SS: Photos of Nazi Leadership at the Camp” is a photo album depicting exactly what happened in the Nazi leadership camps.

The inscription “Auschwitz 21.6.1944” on its first page signals the uniqueness of the album. There are very few wartime photographs of the Auschwitz concentration camp complex, which included Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi killing center.

Though his name does not appear anywhere in the album, the dates of the photographs and various decorations including adjutant cords on the uniform of the album’s owner, indicate that the album almost certainly belonged to and was created by SS-Obersturmfuhrer Karl Hocker. Hocker was the adjutant to the commandant of Auschwitz, SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Richard Baer.

Hocker was stationed at Auschwitz from May 1944 until the evacuation of the camp in January 1945. The photographs depict Hocker with other SS officers in Auschwitz in the summer and fall of 1944 and provide us with a new understanding of their lives and activities in the camp.

Even in the final months of the war, after Soviet troops had liberated concentration camps and labor camps to the east, SS officers stationed at Auschwitz enjoyed social functions and formal ceremonies. The album shows Auschwitz at a pivotal time-the period during which the gas chambers were operating at maximum efficiency-as the Hungarian Jews arrived and during the last months before the evacuation of the camp.

The only other known album of photographs taken at Auschwitz, published as the “Auschwitz Album,” specifically depicts the arrival of the Hungarian Jews and the selection process that the SS imposed upon them. American Friends Service Committee Collection: Guide to Names Mentioned and Name Lists Found in the AFSC Records Relating to Humanitarian Work in France and North Africa

The records documenting the American Friends Service Committee’s (AFSC) work in France in the 1940’s contain numerous lists of names of Quaker workers and the people they tried to help. These records can be found in both “American Friends Service Committee Records Relating to Humanitarian Work in France 1933-1950” as well as “American Friends Service Committee Records Relating to Humanitarian Work in North Africa, 1942-1945.”

An index of over 3,000 names appears in these collections. It was created by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives and includes the Names of Children Considered for Emigration to the United States and the Names of Refugees Appearing on Lists of Convoys.

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews and millions of others by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. The personal effects of some of the victims – photos, clothing, letters – have become historical artifacts, speaking to lives that might otherwise be gone forever.

The USHMM’s 2007 Membership Calendar highlights artifacts and documents from the Museum’s collections. The millions of artifacts, documents, photographs, films, and testimonies help us gain a deeper understanding of the lessons of the Holocaust for today’s world and will stand as evidence of humanity’s greatest crimes for ages to come.

The website Life After the Holocaust documents the experience of six Holocaust survivors whose journey brought them to the United States, and reveals the complexity of starting over. Through each of the six themes as well as individual interviews with the survivors, visitors of the site can explore their stories and get a glimpse into their lives.

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The Bible Predicted The Holocaust

Isaiah wrote of the Holocaust about 2,700 years before it happened. The Bible is true, God, heaven and hell are real, Jesus Christ is the only way to heaven. Dedicate your life to Him and escape hell.

~Extensive guide on how to repent and be born again (URL)~

Accept Jesus now by saying the prayer below from your heart.
Confess it with your mouth! You must sincerely mean it, and you have to do your
best not to go back to a life of sin! This is very serious and there are grave
dangers involved in living a life of sin. You will not only be hurting yourself, but
your loved one’s as well, not to mention you can still go to hell if you don’t live
righteously! Praise God for your decision to come to accept Jesus into your heart.
Follow the guide below and remember to repent and forgive daily!

This is only a guide so do your best to put it into your own words and pour your heart out to
Jesus Christ!

Sinner’s Prayer
“Heavenly Father, have mercy on me, a sinner. I believe in you and that your word is true. I believe that
Jesus Christ is the Son of the living God and that he died on the cross so that I may now have
forgiveness for my sins and eternal life. I know that without you in my heart my life is meaningless.

I believe in my heart that you, Lord God, raised Him from the dead. Please Jesus forgive me, for every
sin I have ever committed or done in my heart, please Lord Jesus forgive me and come into my heart
as my personal Lord and Savior today. I need you to be my Father and my friend.

I give you my life and ask you to take full control from this moment on; I pray this in the name of
Jesus Christ.”

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A brief introduction, mostly aimed at middle and high school students.
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Hasan A. Yahya, a writer from Palestine

American public is misguided in terms of race relations. This statement is supported by intellectuals who have grounds of scholarship methodology. While preferring Jews as minority group over any other minority groups in America, such as non-white African Americans, Native Americans, and tens of other minority groups, including Mexicans, Russians, Rumanians, Italians, Germans, Polish, women, homosexuals,  and French etc.,  This is unfair, Americans need to be ethically and ethnically sound, in theory and practice when it comes for free nation principles.  Arabs are not considered minority group, because they represent fractions of Arab countries, therefore, they are considered as Jordanians, Saudis, Tunisians, Palestinians, etc., this is not applied in the census Bauru for Arabs and Muslims as it is applied to Jews.  Grounds of equality and justice should be applied for Palestinians as well as other minority groups in America.  In schools, Arabs as well as Muslims should be covered justly after 9/11, which did not present Arabs or Muslims. Schools have to be informed of syllabus to unite Americans not to diffuse disintegration among students. For example, few days ago my friend’s daughter a Palestinian American in Ohio, was given a task to write about the Holocaust, where she is not a Jew, and knew very well what Jews in Israel are doing on a daily bases for Palestinians. I think the subject matter should be about both Jews and Palestinians cause, toward peace, not promoting hatred by only selecting the Holocaust as a subject without options. The Palestinian case is alive and well, while the Israeli case is very old as an occupation no matter under what name Israel functions.  Students should know that Palestinians do not have to pay for Christian leaders mistakes, such as the Hitler one.

The Holocaust, is not only an old joke, it is becoming a continuous one among real Americans. It is a manipulation of emotions and minds to redirect attention of Jewish horrible practices in the occupied territories of Palestine, forget the history since before and after Jesus, in recent history toward the world nations in Europe and the United States through the recent political body called Israel, have manipulated world governments’ mentality to carry the burden of the chosen people and their suffering on the hands of the followers of Christianity- represented by Hitler. In what is called, holocaust. Hitler rightly or wrongly  understood the nature of the Jews and how they were working outside the mainstream of Christians Europe, I am afraid, that Jews will face some of the Palestinian sufferings but as it is now the case Jews are outside the mainstream of American society. While this accusation may be doubtful, but spying, financial dishonesty and organ manipulations in addition to manipulation and rejection of peace initiative of the American President Barack Obama, are examples of taking the Jews out of American circle of humanity which depends on justice and moral standards. I do believe that some Jews in the United States may support peace, but political Zionism through Netanyahu and his Lekud party are bringing a new Holocaust to the Jews, sooner or later. History will tell, if they continue their isolation and control of American moral standards in the country.

This article may dissatisfy some, but in a scholarly fashion, let’s go back to the holocaust subject, we as scholars, cannot apply only Holocaust to students in the public schools, without balancing the relationships between minority groups in race relation, taking into consideration the future of the United States. Because the practice in our schools is negating principles of logic, justice and freedom, when it comes to Arabs and Muslims.  ( 620 words)

Professor,  Dr. Hasan A. Yahya is an Arab American writer, scholar, and professor of Sociology lives in the United States of America,  originally from Palestine. He graduated from Michigan State University with  2 Ph.d degrees. He published 55 books plus (40 Arabic and 15 English), and 250 plus articles on sociology, religion, psychology, politics, poetry, and short stories. Philosophically, his writings concern logic, justice and human rights worldwide. Dr. Yahya is the author of Crescentologism: The Moon Theory,  and  Islam Finds its Way, on Amazon. He’s an expert on Race Relations, Arab and Islamic cultures, he is also, interested in religion, world affairs and  global strategic planning for justice and human rights.

The Holocaust is a special term used to mention the genocide of about six million Jews in Europe during the World War II. Holocaust was basically a systematic effort of Nazi Germany backed by the state to exterminate some particular communities, for the most part the Jews.

However, there is another academic opinion that shows some broader aspect of the term Holocaust. According to this opinion, the Holocaust also refers to the execution of millions of people other than Jews, such as Romani, Soviet prisoners of war, Soviet civilians, and people with disabilities, ethnic Poles, Jehovahs Witnesses, homosexuals, and other religious and political opponents. If we combine all these victims, the number will raise to eleven to seventeen million people.

Strategies of Execution

The Holocaust execution was not carried out in a single phase. So many different phases were carried out for execution. In order to purge the civil society of the Jews before Word War II, the Nazi government had passed legislation. In many areas, the concentration camps were created where the detainees were undergone unbearable toils and inhuman biological experiments.

There were some specialized units assigned this task to kill the Jews and political adversaries by shooting groups in newly conquered Eastern Europe. Generally, the Romani and Jews were kept in an overcrowded isolation before taking them to the concentration camps. He who survived the journey was put into the gas chambers for extermination.

Seizure of territory and resources are other vital features of the genocide.

Toward explaining the very WHY of Holocaust

It is believed that the prominent motivation behind the execution of Holocaust was entirely ideological that is, an imaginary world imagined by the Nazis, where Jews are supposed to have finished an international conspiracy to command over the world resources in utter conflict with an Aryan (Nazi) mission.

Each member of the Nazi Germany was a sole participant for the logistics of the mass killing. A scholar very aptly titles the atrocities carried out in Holocaust by the Nazis Germany as a genocidal state.

Saul Friedlander explained that not a single religious community, social group, scholarly institution, or professional association in Germany extending through Europe showed any sign of sympathy with the Jews. He further explains that there were few Christian Churches who can advocate to some extent the members of the Jews converted to Christianity.

According to Friedlander, the event of Holocaust in itself was of idiosyncratic nature, as opposed to the norms prevailing in the modern society, the unconcerned anti-Semitic practices underwent for the first time in history without any solid resistance such as, industry, churches, entrepreneurial concerns, or any other anthropological groups.

It was never seen before that the few leaders deciding the fate of a particular human community along with its old members, children and women. The Holocaust in itself was a unique event where a particular group or community was executed from the surface of the earth merely on the plea: Kill them; they are salt of the earth!

You might be interested in learning about Holocaust Happen and also Why Labor Day is Celebrate.

Handle’s Messiah, Bach’s Magnificent, Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony, Brahm’s Lullaby are but a few of the common classics that are of German origin.

Hitler used musical heritage to promote Aryan superiority. This meant Hitler’s perfect race, blonde hair, blue eyes, well formed and strong. Music and art shaped German political policies and cultural atmosphere. Any written compositions by Jews were banned and it became against the law for artists and musicians to perform unless they became a member of the state sanctioned Reichsmusikkammer (RMK), and anyone who broke the law would be arrested.

The Aryan culture was created by many artists and musicians that were governed employees. In 1939 RMK leaders spoke of the elimination of the Jews from the cultural life of people. Jazz was considered to be “non-Aryan Negroid” and was banned. Radio stations were controlled and censored, and only nationalistic music was allowed. All other music was prohibited and labeled “entarte” or degenerate.

Songs of the Ghettos and Camps :

Ghetto songs had three major purposes: documentation of Ghetto life, a diversion from reality, and the upholding of tradition. The songs sung in the Ghettos showed the will to live, sing and even laugh. The Ghetto had its street singer, its coffee houses, teahouses, beggars and madmen. A popular tune said to be written by a beggar said, “Me hot zey in dr’erd, me vet zey iberi’ebin, me vet hoch deriebn,” which means; “to hell with them, we will survive them, we will yet survive.”

When it came to hating the enemy, laughter was a way to channel it. One person or a small group of people would perform Ghetto songs, with an accompaniment of a single chord playing instrument, a small band, or an orchestra.

Songs of the Camps:

At the five extermination camps, Nazis created orchestras forcing prisoners to play while prisoners were marched to the gas chambers. The suicide rate was the highest in the orchestra players than most other camp workers. The musicians where forced to watch as family and friends where sent to be killed. Auschwitz had six orchestras with one containing 100-120 musicians. A woman named Fania Feneion, a member of a woman’s orchestra in Auschwitz, stated that even though she had clean clothes and daily showers, she had to play “gay, light music and marching music for hours on end while our eyes witnessed the marching of thousands of people to the gas chambers and ovens.” Anita Lasker-Walfisch was able to survive Auschwitz by playing in the women’s orchestra.


Hitler created a “model camp” in Czechoslovakia called Terezin. This concentration camp was made to mislead the world about what was happening around the other camps and Ghettos. The cultural life at Terezin was very rich because all the Jewish artists and musicians were sent there. This made it look as though the camps where just a re-settlement area and the Nazis were treating the Jews very well in the camps. The conditions in Terezin were no better than in most of the other camps. For most prisoners, Terezin was just a transit camp on the way to Auschwitz.

Music of the Third Reich:

The Nazi regime had certain standards which had to be defined as “good” German music. Musicians had limited freedom as the Nazis attempted to create a balance in the creativity of music to please the German people.
Three of the restrictions when regarding musician and artists where:
1. “Loyal Nazi members who were talented musicians were guaranteed a job.”
2. “Loyal Nazi members who were not talented musicians were not guaranteed a job.”
3. Any non-Jewish person who demonstrated a “genius’ for music and was a member of the Reichsmusikkammer (Reich Music Chamber) was permitted employment. This exception policy permitted musicians like conductor Wilhelm Furtwangler and composer Richard Strauss to continue working.
Three master composers that represented good German music were Ludwig van Beethoven, Richard Wagner, and Anton Bruckner according to Hitler and his second man in command, Goebbels.

Music in Response to the Holocaust:

Music in Response to the Holocaust can help us to understand the tragedy of this event. Composers experimented with many musical forms and where included in memorials. There where to sides to the music: dark and light, and faith and hope and all where very personal and helped to expand our understanding of the Holocaust beyond words.

Songs Written About and In Remembrance to the Holocaust:

Karl Berman, Terezin. Terezin was written by a Holocaust survivor who arrived in the concentration camp in 1943 and participated in many musical performances there.

Michael Horvitz, Even When God Is Silent. This dramatic and chilling song was written by text found on a wall in Germany by someone hiding from the Gestapo.

Oskar Morawetz, From the Diary of Anne Frank: Oratorio for Voice and Orchestra. This song was written by the test from the Diary of Anne Frank.. It is a tribute to the courage and nobility of the human spirit.

Arnold Scholenberg, A Survivor From Warsaw, 1947. This is a true story about a survivor from the Warsaw Ghetto. This song was written using a twelve-tone technique which the Nazis banned, and the narrator is to half sing and half speak the story. It is six minuets long describing a moment of the beginning of the Warsaw Ghetto.

William Schuman, Ninth Symphony or Le Fosse Ardeatine. Schuman wrote this piece to commemorate the slaughter of 355 Jews, Christians, and Italians in the Ardeatine caves. “I saw the cave and thought about all the people buried there and their lives. I’m a foe of forgetting.”

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