[Title] Who wrote this and where did I find it?
Citation and Referencing Tips
When you take ideas from someone else’s work and incorporate those ideas into your own work, you need to give credit to the author. If you don’t, you are passing that author’s ideas or words off as your own, and that is plagiarism.
To avoid plagiarism, you must cite a source when you quote, paraphrase, or summarize it, use charts, graphs or images from it, or include facts that you learned from a source that are not common knowledge. In-text citations should appear in the body of your assignment, and all sources used must be included in a reference list at the end of your paper. A reader should easily be able to identify all of the sources that you used in writing your assignment.
In order to avoid plagiarism, you should start your research early. Rushing makes you more likely to lose track of sources, take shortcuts, or cite improperly.
Make sure that you also take meticulous notes. Be sure to include all the required information for each source so that you don’t forget which source your notes came from.
Careful citation and referencing are the best way to avoid plagiarism.
When you’re looking at a search result, review it carefully to determine what type of resource you are using, for example a book, video, or article. There may be visual clues, such as an icon illustrating the resource type. The resource type is important because different information is required for referencing different types of resources.
If you have found an item from a database, look for a Cite button in the database. You can click this button to form a basic reference for the item, but remember that it’s your responsibility to verify that the reference format is correct according to your required citation style.
A full reference for an article includes the title, the author’s name, the name of the journal that the article was published in, the date of publication, the journal volume and issue numbers, page numbers for the article, and the DOI, if there is one. Note that the DOI, also known as the digital object identifier, is often found in the detailed record for the article but sometimes it can only be found when you click through to look at the full text of the article.
A full reference for a book includes the book’s title, the author or editor’s name, the place and date of publication, the publisher’s name, and any other information that may be required.
A full reference for a video includes the video’s title, the place and date of publication, any producer, director, or writer’s name, and any other information that may be required.
A full reference for a web resource always includes the web address or URL, the title, the date of publication or last update to the page, and the name of the author, creator, or owner. Referencing web resources can be complicated, and you may require other pieces of information. Consult a referencing guide for more examples.
Remember that there are many citation styles. Some common styles are APA, MLA, Chicago, and Turabian. Different fields of study have particular style preferences. If you’re asked to use APA, which is commonly used at Georgian, check out the APA Guide on the library website at library.georgiancollege.ca/citing. It provides help with constructing in-text citations and reference pages.
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