Archive for the ‘Prejudice Articles’ Category

“It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.”

With that incredible sentence Jane Austen draws the reader into her story. Is she serious we ask? ‘A truth universally acknowledged’ is the language of mathematics, of science, of logic; it is like saying: “we are dealing with self-evident truths–axioms.”

How does this statement apply to society? to families? to manners? From the beginning Jane tells us that a little teasing doesn’t hurt anyone –lighten up, dear readers– don’t tighten your seat belts; we’re in for a smooth enjoyable ride.

Although I have read many articles and reviews on Pride and Prejudice, its perennial enchantment has eluded me until now. What makes this novel a favorite of so many readers after so many years?

The title to begin with, is provocative. Both terms pride and prejudice are applicable to Elizabeth Bennet and Darcy. But prejudice is directed more towards Darcy than Elizabeth. I would have like Jane Austen to use the word ‘Prejudgement’ as opposed to prejudice because the former word is laden with situational biases such as when Darcy prejudges Elizabeth: “She is tolerable; but not hadsome enough to tempt me.”

Ah, the title is also alliterative; and it would have also worked with prejudgement. Which tells us that Jane was a student of rhetoric. In fact, Mary –the pedantic sister– alludes to Hugh Blair’s, the then much-in-vogue Lectures on Rhetoric.

Not wanting to walk along the trodden path I want to propose a few personal impressions.

First, it is a syntactically flawless–British English at its best– narrative which is never boring; perhaps due to Austen’s adroit handling of the Indirect Free Speech. Although scholars generally attribute the invention to french writers, the brit lady Jane Austen had already been employing the technique in all her her fiction.

Second, the characters are diverse: some attractive (Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Darcy, Jane and Bingley) and others picturesque (Charlotte Lucas and Mr. Collins, Mrs. Bennet, and Lady Catherine de Bourgh). Given the superb characterization of Mr. Collins, I would throw him into the circle where The Wife of Bath, Falstaff, and Sancho reside.

Third, that Pride and Prejudice is a moral work in which not only good manners and judicious decisions are privileged, but also virtue. To sin on the side of virtue I will predict that at the end of this century, readers will still be delighting in the pride, prejudice, and prejudgments of Jane Austen’s lovable characters. If someone asked me to choose between Pride and Prejudice and the DaVinci Code, I would say in horror: “You’re asking me to choose between a pure-breed race horse, and a jackass–with all due respect to jackasses.”

When the divine Plato cast poets and artists out of his utopian Republic, little did he realize that one can learn virtue from literature as well as from philosophy. And that is a ‘truth universally acknowledged.’

So, for now, I will say “keep your breath to cool your porridge–and I shall keep mine to swell my song.”

Retired. Former investment banker, Columbia University-educated, Vietnam Vet (67-68). For the writing techniques I use, see Mary Duffy’s e-book: Sentence Openers

Drawing on psychological and medical research as well as touching on questions of ethics, Sylvia Terbeck examines the possibility of curing prejudice. Sylvia helps us understand how our brains work and poses important questions about how and why we alter people’s minds.

Lecturer in Psychology at Plymouth University. Completed BSc in Psychology in Kiel
(Germany), MSc Psychology in Vienna (Austria), DPhil in Experimental Psychology at Oxford University. Research includes social psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and virtual reality technology. Published multiple scientific journal articles, including a book entitled “The social neuroscience of intergroup relations.

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Understanding Implicit Bias


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While watching the inauguration of President Barack Obama, I experienced such intense emotion of joy for men and women who were able to overcome great odds. I couldn’t help taking a trip down memory lane. I come from a country with a history of deep seated prejudice. I wish I could say that all of that has changed, but I’m afraid there is still a long road ahead of us.

Even in America people still need to check their prejudice. With the winds of change so obviously blowing on this particularly Tuesday morning, their are still an undercurrent of prejudice and the one I intend to put the spotlight on is Weight Prejudice.

I found myself in a spot about 10 years ago where I opened my heart, maybe for the first time, to some serious investigation. I needed some real change, and I came face to face with the fact that prejudice and love can not co-exist in one heart. One will always push out the other.

In my case, it was time for love to get the upper hand. It wasn’t easy, more like humbling and painful. To have to look at yourself, your beliefs, the things you held dear for many years, the people you’ve trusted, and the part you’ve played in severe prejudice and oppression of a people group, can be earth shattering. I cried for a long time, seriously, it took years. I questioned my own way of thinking. I didn’t trust my own decisions any more, and I was suspicious of all authority for very long.

I was mortified at what I found: Ugliness and prejudice against people that I was either not consciously aware of, or that I simply chose not to see when I was younger probably because it was easier than going against the current. Some of the things I grew up with was obviously wrong, and it made it easier for me to turn from those and vow to raise my children differently. However, some types of prejudice hid in the small corners of my heart.

One of these, that influenced my life greatly, was weigth prejudice or discrimination against overweight people. I never thought this was true for me, in fact very few people are aware of this in themselves. Now, I can already see some eyebrows being raised: How dare I lay this kind of “insignificant prejudice” alongside deep ingrained racism and prejudice against women. I am not trying to compare one with the other, I am simply trying to make you aware of another type of prejudice that have caused people to suffer and others to fall into dangerous eating disorders, yes, even loose their lives.

By now you must have heard, or worse experienced, that certain employers, jobs and careers make no room for someone who is overweight. Research has shown that teachers and other adults are more caring and attentive to kids that are good looking and skinny than to their peers who are not so “lucky”. I definitely experienced this as a kid. The sad part: I wasn’t overweight as a child. I just had an average build with freckles and a clumsy demeanor. I studied hard and was polite, but I was basically ignored and brushed off.

Of course I do not endorse overeating or binging. I am very aware of the dangers of obesity, and more so in children. I am all for changing your lifestyle and that of your children, giving them a healthy and safe future. What I’m against is the way we treat overweight people.

See, as with any other prejudice, our children are watching and learning. So, people with weight problems have a weakness, an obvious weakness, but so does everybody else, just not as obvious to the naked eye. Check yourself next time you see someone who is overweight. What are you thinking? Do you think of them as lazy or without self control? There are other addictions and habits that one can judge even more severely, but unlike food addiction, we wouldn’t know about it just by looking at peopole.

So let’s leave the judging up to God and reach out to overweight people with the love and respect they need to overcome their weaknesses.

IMPORTANT: If we give our children the message that we dislike overweight people, even in a subtle way, we can sow a seed of fear in their hearts: Fear of ever becoming overweight, and fear of disappointing us. The strange thing is, it is usually people who have a fear of gaining weight and know that they secretly have a struggle with food that can have the most prejudice in this area.

I dealt with exactly this while abusing diet pills in my early twenties. I was very skinny and looked down on people who wasn’t, yet all the while I was just hiding a big secret: I was so afraid of gaining weight. I also talked to women in my support groups that were overweight, and some of them admit that they couldn’t stand other overweight people.

Most prejudice is rooted in fear. Maybe you too have to deal with your fear. Once you start to deal with this hidden part in your heart you can start a new life of freedom. There are deeper relationships with God, yourself and others waiting for you on the other side of this fear and prejudice. Don’t be afraid to look, it’s worth it! Have a look at my program for women struggling with eating disorders such as overeating. Prejudice is one of many things this course deals with. Today can be you first step out of the nightmare of food addiction and the prejudice that might accompany it.

If you want to learn more about How to Stop Binge Eating by yourself then you might want to have a look at my program called “Women Struggling with Food”. This Online Program for women who struggle with food related issues, such as bulimia, compulsive overeating, and binge eating disordercan teach you how to stop binge eating or stop bulimia for good.

Harvard psychologist, Dr. Mahzarin R. Banaji, delivers a lecture titled “Paradoxes of Mind & Society” at the Yale University Department of Psychology. Dr. Banaji describes her research into the unconscious prejudices that human beings may carry below the threshold of consciousness. She is also a key contributor for the development of the “Implicit Association Test” (IAT), which is used in a range of experiments to measure the magnitude of prejudices that may lie in the subconscious of the test taker. This video may be viewed in its entirety along with a description and transcript at the following link.

Democratic Vistas

Lecture Date: January 23, 2001

Additional Research Information:
(Updated 05/15/2009):

Harvard Science: Prejudices we won’t admit See No Bias

Scientific American: The Implicit Prejudice

Project Implicit®

Copies of Technical Research Papers can be obtained at:

The Test

University of Washington: The Unconscious Roots of Racism

University of Washington: Prejudice affects 90 to 95 percent of people

University of Michigan Health System: Your Child & Television

The Media Awareness Network: Kids & Racial Stereotypes The Second Mind (Blink)
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It’s true there are charlatans and egomaniacs in the guru biz. The media delights in dramatic stories of crazed followers doing odd and dangerous things, like that guy who had everyone drink the purple Kool-Aid, or those folks who committed mass suicide while wearing brand new Nikes when the Hale-Bopp comet whizzed by. We shake our heads at such ignorance and smugly reject the notion that people surrender themselves to anything at all.

In the West, we’re prejudiced against gurus. Here, ego reigns supreme, and the ego’s first tenet is ‘nobody knows better than me.’ Granted, there’s a lot to be said for how Americans distrust authority, question pomposity, and demand to ferret out the truth for ourselves. But by our closed-mindedness, we miss knowing about higher states of consciousness known to the East that aren’t necessarily promoted on our nightly menu of sexy sitcoms and reality TV.

I got broken open to all this by amazing human beings I met in India. Although I had been studying personal and spiritual growth for decades, nothing had prepared me for the shock of the energy phenomena in their presence. It was like I had taken psychedelic drugs when I hadn’t: the room began to swirl, the lights bending and warping. My breathing changed like it does when you’re having sex – gasping for air, tingling all over. My mind became blessedly silent – everything okay, perfect, just the way it is.

Okay, maybe you’re thinking it was something I ate, or a weird brain fugue or something. I can only explain it as these persons manifest at a higher frequency than we do, that in their presence, our bodies go haywire. It became irrefutable that there’s more going on than Western culture has given us a context for, and that higher levels of human development exist and are available.

The tradition in the East is to surrender to the Guru, and the media is quick to point out abuses. What isn’t shown is the advantage of surrendering one’s belief that ‘I already knows everything and no one can teach me anything.’ The benefit is immeasurable in one’s becoming teachable, of the ego humbling itself in the presence of something so far beyond it.

In the East, it’s believed that the Guru points the Way. We get confused because we think it’s about following another person’s weird dictates, like ‘give me all your money’ or ‘drink this potion’. Osho, a well-known guru, once explained it by saying, “Don’t look at my finger; look where I’m pointing.”

My experience is that absorbing the radiance of a person of higher frequency is in itself uplifting and healing. Sitting in the presence of an Awakened Being will do more for your spiritual growth than years of working on yourself.

© 2010 Catherine Auman

Catherine Auman, MFT is a spiritual psychotherapist based in Los Angeles, Calfornia. She has advanced training in both traditional and alternative methodologies based on ancient traditions and wisdom teachings. Visit her online at

Scientific American Frontiers: The Hidden Prejudice

Scientific American Frontiers Host, Alan Alda, speaks with Dr. Mahzarin R. Banaji (Harvard University) and Dr. Brian Nosek (University of Virginia) on how the subconscious mind can influence decision making. They discuss several experiments that use the “Implicit Association Test” (IAT) to reveal hidden gender and racial biases.

Additional Research Information
Updated (05/15/2009):

Scientific American: The Implicit Prejudice

Project Implicit®

Copies of Technical Research Papers can be obtained at:

The Test

Harvard Science: Prejudices we won’t admit See No Bias

University of Washington: The Unconscious Roots of Racism

University of Washington: Prejudice affects 90 to 95 percent of people

University of Michigan Health System: Your Child & Television

The Media Awareness Network: Kids & Racial Stereotypes The Second Mind (Blink)
Video Rating: / 5

As long as one of the following two conditions, even the TIO constitute prejudice to the athletes to play: (1) the ball in front of TIO, and because of the short distance between the two, resulting in the TIO or the athletes expected to swing the regional stations constitute a direct impediment; (2) the ball in the TIO’s inside, above, below, or behind, so that part of the TIO are right in between the ball and the hole, and the athletes are still playing online. Because the Ping Rapture V2 Irons TIO is specially set up for the game temporary facilities, if these facilities play an impact on the athletes, then it seems very unfair to athletes, so the rules constitute a hindrance to the provisions of its very “kind”: the stopping point in the ball equidistant holes along the arc, according to measurement, if a club in the range of memory or more (2) above interference, are also considered to prejudice.

However, to avoid the “do not fly” remedy the situation, the rule also on the front or rear of the ball TIO remedial provisions of the three exceptions. (1) If for the TIO prevent objects other than players leaving the batting was unrealistic; or because other objects can not prevent players leaving the ball to the connection between the ball and the hole, then Athletes may not accept TIO remedy. For example, if the ball landed in a thick bush, the athlete is clearly not hitting a ball. He can not have a party before the ground TIO accepted remedy. Or, if the front is a very dense forest, and the player apparently can not make the ball pass through or over the woods, he can not have a party before the TIO remedial grounds. (2) athletes to take unnecessary exceptions only in the stations, the direction of swing or play only when hampered by the TIO, he may not accept the remedy. For example, a right-handed bat to play the athletes will not be a normal TIO prejudice, but if he was playing with his left hand, then the TIO would be hampered. At this point, if there is no good reason that he left to play is reasonable, he can not accept the remedy, because for him, his left hand to play are “unusual swing.” (3) When the TIO is located between the hole and the ball, if the players can not hit the ball clear the position of the TIO, and he is not entitled to relief. For example, if the ball falls on the long grass, just 300 yards in front of a TIO, then players will not be remedied because the TIO and opportunities.

A more thorough discount golf clubs understanding of the “prejudice”, the handling of this case of Wei Wei will be more clear. Judging from the scene, “in fact” the tower frame shots of Wei Wei and does not constitute a real impact, I believe the real impact of the woodland he hit the ball rather than the tower frame. However, this is indeed located in the tower frame and the hole between his ball and he did also play online. Therefore, from the perspective of the tower frame the rules of Wei Wei’s ball does constitute a hindrance. In addition, the three remedial exception to the rule, not the occasion for Wei Wei. First, Wei Wei was really going in the direction to the tower frame shot, and his ability to hit the ball to go there – although bear considerable risks; second, he did not use any unusual or play station Rod way. Therefore, he requested in the rules in terms of remedies is entirely “reasonable”.

Asian Games golf tournament because of local rules: When the athletes hampered by the tower frame, he can be accepted on both sides of any remedy. Therefore, Wei Wei chose to drop on the left. Drop, his eyes suddenly open a lot of vision. Then hit the most beautiful one, the ball flew over the trees, landed straight on the green. Lead to a burst of applause the audience around.

Wei Wei, this case can tell us is: Sometimes from a practical point of view of play, athletes of the remedy does not seem necessary. However, the “rules” may not think so. For athletes, skilled in using their own rules and make it an effective weapon, it is an important sign of his maturation, one.

For more information all in: Thanks for you reading.

For more information all in: Thanks for you reading.

I was six years old in 1960 when my father took me aside to talk to me about prejudice.

My father said to never judge a person by the color of their skin.

Instead of concerning myself with the color of a person’s skin my father said to look to see if the person’s word means anything and if they give a honest days work for a honest days pay. 

He said if a person meets these two things be willing to work beside them.

In 1960 we were living in Nolan county in a town called Sweetwater in west central Texas.

My father was part Cherokee and part English / Irish and his family lived on the outskirts of town in a rattlesnake infested arroyo.

My fathers father was mostly Cherokee and the whole family could have signed up with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and been certified as having enough native blood to qualify to live on an Indian reservation and to receive payments from the US government.

Instead of signing up and going to live on the reservation or of trying to integrate with the white population my grandfather chose to avoid both situations by living on the edge of town in a place no one else wanted to live.

Open prejudice against Native Americans and blacks was an immediate reality in Texas in those days.

For example, my father and I were at a gas station filling up the family car when a young black boy came up to put air in his bicycle tires. The attendant at the station came running over to the boy shouting “Get out of here boy, the air is only for white customers not you!”

In 1970 I was a sophomore in a public high school in Fresno, California and we were still trying to desegregate the local public schools from having all white and all black schools.

The issue of gay rights or of prejudice against gays was not a much of public issue during the time that I was in public school.

This may be because the riots at the Stonewall Inn in June, 1969, or the developing gay pride movement was not reported in the Fresno newspapers very well, if at all.

The wisdom I learned in avoiding prejudice against blacks is the same wisdom I use to avoid prejudice against gays and others. 

I have adapted my father’s advice to read  “Never judge a gay person for their sexual preference. Look to see if their word means anything and if they give a honest days work for a honest days pay.  If they meet these things, be willing to work beside them.”

With prejudice avoided we would have more children with air in their bike tires instead of tears on their faces. 

Learn about the connection between gay rights and our overall economic prosperity at