Archive for the ‘Social Psychology Articles’ Category

One of the more beautifully developed sciences of spiritual-based psychology is yoga psychology, the study of human psyche in relation to life and the larger dimensions of existence. This science, matriculated from the ancient tradition of yoga, seeks to explain and explore the potentials of the human life, uncovering the hidden mysteries behind life’s purpose, existence, and relationship to the world in which we live. While there are many systems of psychology available to modern man, yoga psychology is unique in that is seeks to merge modern science with ancient philosophy. Through its distinct methods of treating and transforming the mind to its open and holistic approach to life, yoga psychology is an effective science for providing a healthy, balanced, and individually sensitive approach the mental health and wellness.

The Philosophy of Psychology

Generally, the philosophy of psychology has pursued two outlets. The first that suggests that life is empirical and can be measured and observed on a material level. This philosophy maintains that all system are composed of matter which can be seen through physical observation and observed through the senses. Therefore, everything that exists within the human being can be measured on a physical level accounts for all aspects of the human existence. One important point of this philosophical ideology is that everything is based off of experience, external input, and genetic disposition. These together form the entire foundation for the psyche. Therefore, elements that appear to extend beyond the confines of the physical and observable level of existence are either imagined or yet to be proven through empirical observation.

Contrary to the empirical belief is the philosophy that human beings are composed of elements that are beyond the confines of the physical structure of the human being. Although material components contribute to our existence, there are many features of the human being that cannot be measured with a microscope or electromagnetic scans. Although these features are not composed of the same material as the human body, they existence in their own dimension and retain their own qualities that allow them to exist. One of the primary examples of an element that exists in its own form is consciousness. Under the definition of the non-empirical philosophy, consciousness is a part of human life, but is not contained solely within the human being, nor can it be found within the structures of the brain. Rather it is a field of existence that permeates all of creation, but takes the appearance of separate entities when filtered through the structure of the individual entities such as a human being. Therefore it is part of the human being, but not limited to the human structure in and of itself.

For the most part, empirical based psychology believes that consciousness is a component of the brain, and a spirit, or some entity that is connected to a higher source, does not exist. All that is experienced and seen within the individual can be explained within the physical content of the human being. Therefore, the pursuit of understanding and comprehension of the functions of the human psyche are mostly undertaken within the study of brain through the sciences such as neuropsychology. This forms the foundation for the more extended studies of behavioral, developmental, and cognitive psychology.

Non-empirical psychology, on the other hand, accepts the soul, or something existing with the human being that extends beyond the limits of the perishable body, as an additional entity contributing to the human existance. While the human body contains part of the material necessary to form life, it does not make up the whole system. Non empirical psychology maintains the belief that individual consciousness is a component of a large system that has been referred to as cosmic, universal, or collective consciousness. With this understanding in mind, non-empirical psychology pursues the study of the human psyche through the components of consciousness, soul/spirit, and other elements beyond the physical body.

While not every psychology conforms to these boundaries, most of the applied practices of psychology conform themselves to the outline of one of these ideology; either the mind is in the body and the brain, or it is part of something larger and beyond the limits of the body. As a social practice, western psychology usually follows the path of the empirical study where as eastern psychology has been that of the metaphysical and spiritualistic. Yet there are modern schools of thought, researchers and psychologists that are extending beyond these boundaries and seeking to reform psychology into a complete science of the human mind. Indeed, the human brain does show significant contributions to the functions of thought, perception, and behavior, but at the same time there has been no substantial evidence that self-awareness or consciousness can be contained within the functions of the brain. Together, both of these insights have proven to be significant challenges to the modern day research of the psychology of human beings.

Yoga Psychology, as a conventional practice, has evolved to embody both the empirical and non-empirical perspective of psychology. Although it could generally be considered a non-empirical philosophy, yoga psychology has also greatly accepted the influences of the anatomical structure in developing, shaping, and creating the psychology of a human being; yet the physical body does not contain all of the elements necessary to form the complexity of the human mind and consciousness. Through the philosophy and spiritual-inquisition of yoga, yoga psychology maintains the belief that the human psychology is shaped by factors from various sphere of life, starting from the most material physical body and working through to the subtle elements of the spirit. Each layer is not an independent system, nor is it contained within one single structure. Rather, there are several sheaths that co-exist and work seamlessly between one another to form the complete structure, form, and existence of the human being.

The Application of Psychology

Practically, psychology is designed to be applied as a functional means to provide people with a healthy mind. While the definition of what constitutes a health mind may vary between different philosophical beliefs, generally people want live a life that contains more happiness, a stronger self-concept, and a personality that is capable of handling the changes and evolving events in life. Psychology seeks to provide people with the tools necessary to create the proper circumstances for a health mind, using a variety of skills, perceptions, and methods to help form the desired results. Among some of the major components used by modern psychology to help people find a healthier mental construct include: medication, counseling, group therapy, psycho-analysis, environmental alterations, and mental conditioning. All of these methods seek to provide people with a stronger mental state with which they can approach life.

“Natural” forms of psychology usually avoid medication and evasive techniques that may cause unnecessary changes to the bio-chemical structure of the body. They also traditionally focus on approaching psychological complexes with a more holistic perspective which includes physical ailments and emotional disturbances. In contrast, a more “westernized” system of psychology usually treats patients based upon classified disorders or dysfunctions which are related to the mind or the brain. Treatment is provided based upon the symptoms of a patient in relationship to other classically defined cases. For many patients, medication is used in conjunction with counseling and therapy.

As a practice, yoga psychology usually addresses the psychological changes within a human being’s life with a wide variety of techniques, each designed to help regulate and modify a specific irregularity within the human system. Generally, yoga psychology follows the “natural” system of psychological healthcare as it typically treats each case independently, providing help to an individual after analysis of the physical, psychological, energetic, and spiritual elements of their life. For physical disturbances which are affecting the psychological state, exercise and movement known as the asanas (postures) are applied. These can also be used in conjunction with cleansing techniques which help to remove toxins from the body. For psychological disturbances, meditation, concentration, and self-observation are used. Generally, the body and the mind are viewed as interdependent entities, so specific physical activity or alterations can treat psychological disturbances as well. For energetic problems, breathing exercises are used to increase or decrease energy within the body. Diet can also be modified to help increase vitality. The health of the spiritual aspect of life is dependent on the state of the physical, mental, and energetic bodies, and therefore is typically cared for by treating these bodies first.

Although many systems of psychology exist, yoga psychology is one that can be applied for those who seek a better knowledge of themselves. While a belief in spiritual aspects of life will assist one who wishes to practice yoga psychology, it is not a necessity. Rather, yoga psychology should be viewed as a holistic system of psychology which works to create an equilibrium in the body and the mind so that optimum health and strength can be achieved. It also works to provide people with a greater understanding of life as the body, mind, and spirit are actively transformed to reach their fullest potentials.

Sarah Mhyers is a practicing psychologist and psychotherapist in the United States. After completing her MS in Clinical Psychology, Sarah spent much of her time continuing here studies of psychology from and Eastern perspective of thought. She began her study of Yoga Psychology through the Tureya Foundation and Ashram http://www.tureya.com in 2005 and has been pursuing research in this field since then, applying yoga psychology in her clinical environment. Sarah is an author of the Yoga Psychology Magazine http://www.yogapsychologymagazine.com and contributes to the ongoing development of research in Yoga Psychology.

So you’ve decided to make your career in Psychology? Here are the different psychology classes and courses you need to take to meet your psychology degree requirements.

The preparation for taking a psychology degree begins from before you apply to the different universities for your admission into graduate school. When the graduate admissions committees consider applications for students, they are really interested in students who have taken certain courses while at the undergraduate level.

Typically, students who are given consideration are those who have taken subjects like:

Learning Psychology

Cognitive Psychology

Sensation and Perception

Experimental Psychology

Abnormal Psychology

Physiological Psychology

Developmental Psychology

Research Methodology

They also consider students from a different educational background when the students have taken courses in subjects like Biology, Chemistry, English, Philosophy, Anthropology, Math and Computer Science.

Once you get into a graduate degree program in Psychology, there are some great subjects which you will study.

You will be introduced to General Psychology and the different concepts in psychology which include topics like human development, personality, learning and cognition, emotional disorders and social thought. You will also learn about the different statistical concepts and methods used in psychological research, and also go through the different aspects of research methods used in psychological studies.

Soon, you will be immersing yourself in the different concepts of Industrial or Organizational Psychology where you will learn how to apply the theories of psychology to industrial and social organizations. You will find yourself studying the theories of developmental psychology and learn about the different stages of emotional, social and cognitive development during childhood, adolescence and adulthood.

While studying social psychology, you will learn about human social behavior and the different human attitudes and emotions like aggression, interpersonal relationships, group dynamics, stereotypes, prejudices and the different ethical conflicts faced in psychological research.

For those of you wanting to know more about the process of learning itself, the subject of cognitive learning provides you with the know-how and the tools to understand how knowledge is acquired, how thinking takes place, how we remember things and how all this is practically applied in educational settings.

You will also learn about the different counseling theories, principles, techniques and applications. Interviewing techniques is a subject that will help you develop different techniques for building relationships, interviewing, solving problems and taking decisions with regard to clients. This will prepare you for several real-world situations where you will be interacting with clients on different levels.

Apart from these psychology classes there are several different specialized courses which may differ from school to school. With these basic courses, you will be able to build and create a wonderful career for yourself in the field of Psychology.

To know more about Psychology Majors and Top Psychology Schools visit http://psychologyschoolsu.com

The first thing that should be known is that what is psychology? Psychology is an empirical science dealing with the bio-social behavior with reference to its environment. The study of this field in philosophical context dates backs to the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, China, India and Persia. This article describes the history of psychology starting from the first concept introduced to this world.

Firstly, Structuralism, this was introduced by a German Physician Wilhelm Wundt. The method of inspection used in this field was introspection also known as self observation. This field made use of the conscious mind and sensation of the person to find the answer to the question or any problem. This method is no longer in practice however, as it was not reliable. Wilhelm is also known as father of psychology as he started experimental psychology, set up the first experimental psychology lab and gave the first systematic psychology book to the world. The second step in history was Functionalism which was formed as the reaction to the theories of the structuralist school of thought. This field focused on the mind of the people and that how did it adapted to the environment and the people surrounding it. The main contributor to this school of thought was William James.

The third school of thought in the evolution of the psychology was named Psychoanalysis. The main contributor to this field was Sigmund Freud. It is a method of investigation of the mind and the way one thinks, a form of psychotherapy and a systemized set of theories related to the human behavior. The fourth school of thought was Behaviorism. It was founded by John B. Watson. It dealt with the theories that how people are affected by their environment and that they learn their behavior form the society they live in and later Skinner also introduced his theory in this school of thought named S-O-R or Stimulus organism response. The fourth school of thought is Humanistic. It was developed in reaction to behaviorism and psychoanalysis. This approach glimpse the human as the whole, it does not focuses on only one specific point of human life or personality. The fifth Step is Gestlat psychology. It is a science of perceiving a whole picture, not just the fragments of a picture. It helps in telling about the personality of a person. The major contributor to this science was Max Wertheimer but Kohler and Koffka also helped a lot.

The sixth school of thought to be developed was Cognitivism. It studies the mental processes and in addition to that it studied the way that how people think, remember and learn. The main contributors to this field were George Miller and Albert Ellis. The seventh School of thought was Biopsychosocial model. It is an integrated perspective. This science is the study and understanding on the consciousness, behavior and social relationships. This science assumes that the way one live, act and think is highly affected by the social culture he belongs to.

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Why do people do bad things? Is it because of the situation or who they are at their core? In this week’s episode of Crash Course Psychology, Hank works to shed a little light on the ideas of Situation vs. Personality. Oh, and we’ll have a look at the Stanford Prison Experiment… It’s alarming.

If you are currently in need of help: http://www.mentalhealth.gov/get-help/


Table of Contents:

Social Psychology 01:29
Fundamental Attribution Error 02:04
Dual-Process Theory of Persuasion 03:18
Foot-In-The-Door Phenomenon 04:35
Stanford Prison Experiment 05:12
Cognitive Dissonance 8:08


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The term educational psychology involves the study of how children, adolescents and adults learn in schools and colleges. This field of study involves the psychology of teaching in educational settings, the efficiency of educational interventions and the psychology of schools in social areas.

Although the terms school psychology and educational psychology have often been substituted for one another, they are not the same. Theorists and researchers are more likely to be recognized as educational psychologists, while practitioners in either schools or school-related settings are recognized as school psychologists. The field of educational psychology often focuses on subgroups such as those subject to certain disabilities and gifted children, and it is concerned with how students develop and learn.

Psychology Careers

1. The role of an educational psychologist is to study a student’s behavior and his or her capabilities to learn in an academic environment. These psychologists are concerned with the tools and teaching techniques in the classroom in hopes of facilitating learning. This comes about by research done on classroom dynamics and teaching methods. They also research sub-groups that are within student populations such as students with learning disabilities, gifted children or those with behavioral problems.

2. School psychologists are concerned with the needs of individual students. In the field of educational psychology, school psychologists develop treatment plans, perform performance evaluations and diagnostic assessments, and monitor effectiveness and progress.

 

Educational Psychologist Skills

Getting a degree as an educational psychologist will allow individuals the develop skills that can positively influence the quality of education. The following are some skills that are developed with a degree in psychology and are used in the profession of an educational psychologist:

• Ability to analyze the behavior of children
• Ability to counsel students
• Evaluate needs
• Make good sound decisions
• Develop oral and written communication skills
• Increase knowledge concerning child development
• In possession of highly developed interactive skills
• Comprehend individual education programming
• Comprehend behavioral changes
• Develop assessment methods

Training and Education

The shortest route to becoming an educational psychologist is by enrolling in a two-year program known as a master’s in educational psychology program (MEd). During this time, students are introduced to courses in cognition, development, human learning and research methodology. Upon graduation, individuals will have the ability to conduct applied research, as well as evaluate and consult the needs of public and private schools.

An Ed.S also known as an education specialist degree in school psychology, is needed for those who desire to become school psychologists. This typically takes one to three years to complete and is a basic follow-up to the master’s in educational psychology degree.

In order to earn a Doctor of Education (Ed.D), also known as a Doctor of Philosophy degree, an individual typically has to commit to a four to six year program. These programs dig deeper into the field of educational psychology by concentrating on age groups and developmental specialties as well as sharpening a student’s skills in areas of human development, research design, and educational, emotional and behavioral problems.

Does a career in educational psychology interest you? Then take the first step by getting in touch with an administrator at Argosy University, which offers a wide selection of bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degree programs in a variety of psychology concentrations at 19 locations across the nation.

 

 

Helping Psychology is your guide to learning more about the Psychology profession and the opportunities that are available in this dynamic discipline including Clinical psychology, Forensic psychology and PsyD Education.
Helping Psychology is sponsored by Argosy University

 

Psychology as a whole is quite a broad subject so to study it properly it has been divided in to various branches that tell about the different aspects of the human behavior, thoughts and experience.  In this article some of the branches are mentioned and explained briefly below.

Firstly it is Experimental Psychology, which is a methodological approach rather than a subject and the research is conducted on using the experimental methods. This branch focuses on the process of sensing, thinking, perceiving and learning in a human. Secondly, it’s Biological Psychology which deals at the level of the nerves, neurotransmitter, and other body biological process that underlie normal and abnormal behavior in a human being. Thirdly, there is Developmental Psychology, which is the study of systematic psychological changes that takes place through the life span of a human; that is from its infancy to its death.

Fourthly, it is Social psychology which is basically the study of the relationship between an individual and groups. The experts in this field are called sociologist and psychologist and they study both the individuals and the groups to complete their research. Fifthly, its industrial/Organizational psychology. It is a relatively new branch of psychology and it is the study of the relationship between a man and the world of work. These organizations can be like schools, non-profit government projects, for – profit business etc. Sixthly, there is educational psychology which deals with the study that how humans are benefited from the schools and how they learn in educational settings. This branch also has sub-branches like teaching psychology and the social psychology of a school as an organization. Seventhly, it’s Cross – cultural psychology. it is the scientific study of the person’s mental process and behavior with regards to the different cultures. The main aim of this psychology branch is to find the similarities and dissimilarities in the different cultures found in the world.

Eighthly, it’s Clinical psychology. This psychology is the integration of science, theory and clinical knowledge. The aim of this branch is to prevent, perceive, understand and relieving and stress or dysfunction caused psychologically. Ninthly, it’s Forensic psychology. This branch is an intersection between the psychology and the criminal justice system. This branch is the study of the criminal law with regards to the proper jurisdiction so that a person can explain a crime properly in front of the jury, judge and audience.

Tenthly, there is Environmental psychology which basically is the study of the interplay between the humans and the environment, that is this branch focuses on the point that how our surrounding effect our behavior. Eleventh branch is psychology of women, which basically explores the experience of females in this world and focuses on issues such as discrimination against women and the causes of violence against the women. Twelfth branch is Behavioral psychology. it is a theory of learning that all behavior are learned by looking at the surrounding and by what is taught to us by our parents. These were just some of the major branches of psychology, new branches are being introduced with time to help us understand different life aspects more easily.