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Archive for the ‘Vietnam War Newspaper Articles’ Category
2nd BATTALION 20th ARTILLERY, “DUTY NOT REWARD.”
The 20th Artillery was formed on June 03, 1916, as the 20th Field Artillery in the Regular Army. The regiment was organized on June 01, 1917, at For Sam Houston, Texas as an element of the 5th Division on September 05, 1921, the unit was inactivated at Camp Bragg, North Carolina.
The 20th Field Artillery was relieved from its assignment to the 5th Division on October 16, 1939, and activated June 1, 1940, at Fort Benning, Georgia, and concurrently assigned to the 4th Division ( later the 4th Infantry Division). The unit was reorganized and redesigned as the 20th Field Artillery Battalion on October 01, 1940. The battalion was inactivated February 13, 1946, at Camp Butner, North Carolina.
The battalion was activated October 15, 1957, in Korea and concurrently assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division. The unit was redesigned the 2nd Rocket Howitzer Battalion, 20th Artillery, on July 01, 1960. It was redesigned 2nd Battalion, 20th Artillery, on September 01, 1963. On July 01, 1965, the battalion was transferred from Korea to Fort Benning, Georgia, and reorganized.
The battalion has campaign participation credit for St. Mihiel and Lorraine (1918) in World War I and for Normandy (with arrowhead), Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsca and Central Europe in World War II.
The battalion received the Belgian Fourragere, 1940, for action in Belgium (cited in the Order of the Day for the Belgian Army) and for action in the Ardennes (cited in the Order of the Day for the Belgian Army). In Vietnam the unit received the Presidential Unit Citation (streamer embroidered PLEIKU PROVINCE) and the Valorous Unit Citation (streamer embroidered TAM QUAN).
There were only two ARA Battalions in the history of the Army that served in Vietnam. The 1st Cavalry had the first ARA battalion followed by the 101st Airborne. The 1st Cavalry ARA Battalion arrived at Qui Nhon, Republic of Vietnam on September 01, 1965. Charlie battery flew their first mission two days latter in support of elements of the 101st Airborne Division. That was the enemy’s first look oat the rockets of the 2nd Battalion (Aerial Artillery), 20th Artillery. At that time the rockets of this very unique unit were mounted on UH-1B Huey helicopters. This gave the unit the ability to provide immediate artillery fire support to airmobile units, often operating beyond the range of conventional artillery. Due to the fact that the aerial artillery pilot was at the target site, his fire could be quickly adjusted for maximum accuracy and could provide extremely close fire support.
On September 18, 1965 the battalion demonstrated another new technique, the “light ship,” a Huey mounted with seven landing lights. The illumination the ship provided proved extremely effective as a tool for base security. On October 3, 1965, the battalion fired the first SS-11 guided missile to be used in combat . In all between September 17 and October 20 the battalion flew 78 missions and expended 2,870 rounds of rockets.
In late October of 1965 the battalion was called up to provide support in the Pleiku Campaign, for which the division would win the Presidential Unit Citation. Alpha Battery saw the first major action in the campaign when Plei Me came under attack the night of October 29-30. The pilots bombarded enemy forces assaulting and mortaring the camp. As one platoon expended its ordnance another would take its place.
Charlie Battery was positioned for the campaign on a small strip on a tea plantation south of Pleiku City. On the night of November 12-13 the enemy attacked the position in battalion strength. As the first mortars hit the camp, pilots ran to their helicopters and quickly had them all in the air, the first instance in Vietnam when all aircraft evacuated without loss from an airstrip under attack.
Bravo Battery flew a unique mission in the closing days of the campaign when on November 28, Special Forces requested that the battery destroy the gates of a fortified VC village. The gate was protected by booby traps and weapons positions from which the enemy delivered fire. Three well aimed SS-11 wire-guided missiles blasted the gates open.
The Vietnam War was the first helicopter war. The helicopters provided “airmobility” speed, freedom of movement and firepower on the battlefield and it has been said that the Pleiku Campaign was the triumph of the airmobile concept.
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Before publication, The New York Times sought legal advice. The paper’s regular outside counsel, Lord Day & Lord, advised against publication, but house counsel James Goodale prevailed with his argument that the press had a First Amendment right to publish information significant to the people’s understanding of their government’s policy.
President Nixon’s first reaction to the publication was that since the study embarrassed the Johnson and Kennedy administrations, not his, he should do nothing. However, Kissinger convinced the president that not opposing publication set a negative precedent for future secrets. The administration argued Ellsberg and Russo were guilty of a felony under the Espionage Act of 1917, because they had no authority to publish classified documents. After failing to persuade the Times to voluntarily cease publication on June 14, Attorney General John N. Mitchell and Nixon obtained a federal court injunction forcing the Times to cease publication after three articles. Times publisher Arthur Ochs Sulzberger said:
Newspapers, as our editorial said this morning, we’re really a part of history that should have been made available, considerably longer ago. I just didn’t feel there was any breach of national security, in the sense that we were giving secrets to the enemy.
The newspaper appealed the injunction, and the case New York Times Co. v. United States (403 U.S. 713) quickly rose through the U.S. legal system to the Supreme Court.
On June 18, 1971, The Washington Post began publishing its own series of articles based upon the Pentagon Papers; Ellsberg gave portions to editor Ben Bradlee. That day, Assistant U.S. Attorney General William Rehnquist asked the Post to cease publication. After the paper refused, Rehnquist sought an injunction in U.S. district court. Judge Murray Gurfein declined to issue such an injunction, writing that “[t]he security of the Nation is not at the ramparts alone. Security also lies in the value of our free institutions. A cantankerous press, an obstinate press, an ubiquitous press must be suffered by those in authority in order to preserve the even greater values of freedom of expression and the right of the people to know.” The government appealed that decision, and on June 26 the Supreme Court agreed to hear it jointly with the New York Times case. Fifteen other newspapers received copies of the study and began publishing it.
On June 30, 1971, the Supreme Court decided, 6–3, that the government failed to meet the heavy burden of proof required for prior restraint injunction. The nine justices wrote nine opinions disagreeing on significant, substantive matters.
Only a free and unrestrained press can effectively expose deception in government. And paramount among the responsibilities of a free press is the duty to prevent any part of the government from deceiving the people and sending them off to distant lands to die of foreign fevers and foreign shot and shell.
Thomas Tedford and Dale Herbeck summarize the reaction of editors and journalists at the time:
As the press rooms of the Times and the Post began to hum to the lifting of the censorship order, the journalists of America pondered with grave concern the fact that for fifteen days the ‘free press’ of the nation had been prevented from publishing an important document and for their troubles had been given an inconclusive and uninspiring ‘burden-of-proof’ decision by a sharply divided Supreme Court. There was relief, but no great rejoicing, in the editorial offices of America’s publishers and broadcasters.
—Tedford and Herbeck, pp. 225–226.
Ellsberg surrendered to authorities in Boston, and admitted that he had given the papers to the press.
I felt that as an American citizen, as a responsible citizen, I could no longer cooperate in concealing this information from the American public. I did this clearly at my own jeopardy and I am prepared to answer to all the consequences of this decision.
— Ellsberg on why he released the Pentagon Papers to the press.
He was later indicted on charges of stealing and holding secret documents by a grand jury in Los Angeles. Federal District Judge William Matthew Byrne, Jr. declared a mistrial and dismissed all charges against Ellsberg and Russo on May 11, 1973, after several irregularities appeared in the government’s case, including its claim that it had lost records of illegal wiretapping against Ellsberg conducted by the White House Plumbers in the contemporaneous Watergate scandal. Byrne ruled: “The totality of the circumstances of this case which I have only briefly sketched offend a sense of justice. The bizarre events have incurably infected the prosecution of this case.” Ellsberg and Russo were not acquitted of violating the Espionage Act, but they were freed due to the mistrial.
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From the Kennedy conspiracy to the UFO coverup to 911–Jim Marrs is at the cutting edge of secret knowledge, and Whitleys penetrating interview brings out explosive revelations that he has never revealed before. Then Linda talks to an EYEWITNESS to a cattle mutilation, plus a follow-up on Deep Impact.
Jim Marrs (born December 5, 1943) is an American former newspaper journalist and New York Times best-selling author of books and articles on a wide range of alleged cover ups and conspiracies. Marrs is a prominent figure in the JFK conspiracy press and his book Crossfire was a source for Oliver Stone’s film JFK. He has written books asserting the existence of government conspiracies regarding aliens, 9/11, telepathy, and secret societies. He was once a news reporter in the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex and has taught a class on the assassination of John F. Kennedy at University of Texas at Arlington for 30 years. Marrs is a member of the Scholars for 9/11 Truth.
A native of Fort Worth, Texas, Marrs earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in journalism from the University of North Texas in 1966 and attended graduate school at Texas Tech in Lubbock for two years more. He has worked for several Texas newspapers, including the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, where, beginning in 1968, he served as police reporter and general assignments reporter covering stories locally, in Europe, and in the Middle East. After a leave of absence to serve with a Fourth Army intelligence unit during the Vietnam War, he became military and aerospace writer for the newspaper and an investigative reporter.
Since 1980, Marrs has been a free-lance writer, author, and public relations consultant. He has also published a rural weekly newspaper along with a monthly tourism tabloid, a cable television show, and several videos.
Since 1976, Marrs has taught a course on the assassination of Kennedy at the University of Texas at Arlington.
Beginning in 1992, Marrs spent three years researching and completing a non-fiction book on a top-secret government program called the Stargate Project involving the psychic phenomenon known as remote viewing, only to have the program canceled as it was going to press in the summer of 1995. Within two months, the story of military-developed remote viewing broke nationally in the Washington Post after the CIA revealed the program.
In May 1997, Marrs’ investigation of UFOs, Alien Agenda, was published by HarperCollins Publishers. Publishers Weekly described Alien Agenda as “the most entertaining and complete overview of flying saucers and their crew in years.” The paperback edition was released in mid-1998. It has been translated into several foreign languages and become the top-selling UFO book in the world.
In early 2000, HarperCollins published Rule by Secrecy, which claimed to trace a hidden history connecting modern secret societies to ancient and medieval times. This book also reached the New York Times Best Seller list. In 2003, his book The War on Freedom probed the alleged conspiracies of the 9/11 attacks and their aftermath. It was released in 2006 under the title The Terror Conspiracy.
Marrs has been a featured speaker at a number of national conferences including the annual International UFO Congress[not in citation given] and the annual Gulf Breeze UFO Conference, but he also speaks at local conferences, such as Conspiracy Con and The Bay Area UFO Expo. Beginning in 2000, he began teaching a course on UFOs at the University of Texas at Arlington. Marrs usually also gives a book signing at Brave New Books in Austin, Texas at least once a year.
Marrs has appeared on ABC, NBC, CBS, CNN, C-SPAN, The Discovery Channel, TLC, The History Channel, This Morning America, Geraldo, The Montel Williams Show, Today, TechTV, Larry King, and radio programs, as well as numerous national and regional radio and TV shows.
In October 2011, Jim Marrs started his own radio program, “A View from Marrs” on the Jeff Rense Radio network airing three times a week, Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 3 pm Central time. Marrs has on his show a wide variety of guests and dedicated the entire month of November to the latest information regarding the JFK assassination. He also has subject matter on UFO research, survival tips, and much more. This radio program was cancelled due to his two upcoming book contracts.
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March 20th, 1967 – The U.S. Initiates Operation Popeye, a highly classified weather modification program in Southeast Asia which lasted until July 5th, 1972. This cloud seeding operation was utilized during the Vietnam War in an attempt to extend the monsoon rain season, specifically over the areas of the Ho Chi Minh trail. The program was allegedly sponsored by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and the CIA, without the authorization of the Defense Department.
December 13, 1979 Pres. Jimmy Carter ratified the convention.
According to the US State Department’s website, on May 18th, 1977 – The U.S. Joined 33 other nations at the Geneva Convention on the Prohibition of military or any other hostile use of environmental modification techniques. December 13, 1979 Pres. Jimmy Carter ratified the convention.
In the summer of 1952 – Lynmouth, England; declassified documents revealed the experimental use of a secret rainmaking program resulted in the death of 34 people and is considered one of the worst flood in British history.
As a recent as 2013, the United States intelligence community has demonstrated an interest in controlling the climate. According to a newspaper article in Mother Jones, the CIA and the National Academy of Sciences funded a 0,000, Geo engineering joint-project.
Also as recent February 2015, according to an Independent News publication article, a leading American climate scientist with the American Association for the Advancement of Science, disclosed that the CIA has an interest in weaponising the weather.
According to the Russian newspaper Pravda, the Russian Northern Fleet indicated that the earthquake, which devastated Haiti 2010, was clearly the result of a test by the U.S. Navy utilizing its earthquake weapon; HAARP or High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program.
Also FOX News reported in 2010, reported that Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez, through a spokesman indicated that the US possesses an earthquake weapon and that it was used, to set off the earthquake in Haiti, which killed 200,000 innocent victims.
On January 26, 2010, Bloomberg News interviewed geologist Stephen Pierce, who stated that the earthquake in Haiti revealed large deposits of gas & oil reserves, previously not accessible. The article further indicated that these findings could aid in the recovery of the hemisphere’s poorest nation.