Archive for the ‘What’s An Article In English’ Category

Yes, even wars have laws.

To find out more, visit http://therulesofwar.org

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Rules of War in a Nutshell – script

Since the beginning, humans have resorted to violence as a way to settle disagreements.
Yet through the ages, people from around the world have tried to limit the brutality of war.
It was this humanitarian spirit that led to the First Geneva Convention of 1864,and to the birth of modern International Humanitarian Law.
Setting the basic limits on how wars can be fought, these universal laws of war protect those not fighting, as well as those no longer able to.
To do this, a distinction must always be made between who or what may be attacked, and who or what must be spared and protected.
– CIVILIANS –
Most importantly, civilians can never be targeted. To do so is a war crime.
“When they drove into our village, they shouted that they were going to kill everyone. I was so scared, I ran to hide in the bush.
I heard my mother screaming. I thought I would never see her again.”
Every possible care must be taken to avoid harming civilians or destroying things essential for their survival.
They have a right to receive the help they need.
– DETAINEES –
“The conditions prisoners lived in never used to bother me.
People like him were the reason my brother was dead.
He was the enemy and was nothing to me.
But then I realized that behind bars, he was out of action and no longer a threat to me or my family.”
The laws of war prohibit torture and other ill-treatment of detainees, whatever their past.
They must be given food and water and allowed to communicate with loved ones. This preserves their dignity and keeps them alive.
– SICK & WOUNDED –
Medical workers save lives, sometimes in the most dangerous conditions.
“Several fighters from both sides had been critically wounded in a fierce battle and we were taking them to the closest hospital.
At a checkpoint, a soldier threatened us, demanding that we only treat his men. Time was running out and I was afraid they were all going to die.”
Medical workers must always be allowed to do their job and the Red Cross or Red Crescent must not be attacked.
The sick or wounded have a right to be cared for, regardless of whose side they are on.
– LIMITS TO WARFARE –
Advances in weapons technology has meant that the rules of war have also had to adapt.
Because some weapons and methods of warfare don’t distinguish between fighters and civilians, limits on their use have been agreed.
In the future, wars may be fought with fully autonomous robots.
But will such robots ever have the ability to distinguish between a military target and someone who must never be attacked?
No matter how sophisticated weapons become it is essential that they are in line with the rules of war.
International Humanitarian Law is all about making choices that preserve a minimum of human dignity in times of war, and makes sure that living together again is possible once the last bullet has been shot.
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What is First Person? Second? Third?

If you’re learning English, you’ve probably seen 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person. But do you know what these mean? In this easy video, you’ll learn to easily recognize first, second, and third person by understanding that these refer to the personal pronouns or the subject of the sentence. You’ll see many examples and we’ll practice finding out whether sentences are in first person, second person, or third person. You may have heard of “FPS” or “first person shooter” games. The idea is the same, and you will understand it after this lesson! Continue the exercise by doing the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/what-is-first-person-second-third/

TRANSCRIPT

First, second, third, whether it be “I”, “you”, or… Hi. James from engVid. Today I’d like to teach you about the first, second, and third pronouns. Well, subject pronouns, to be exact. And: What do we mean by first person, second person, and third person? A lot of students have trouble with that, and that’s why they use the pronouns incorrectly. This is a very simple, straightforward lesson, and I hope you enjoy it.

Let’s go to Mr. E. As you can see, he’s standing on the podium. A “podium” is a box you stand on once you want to… When you want to speak or when you want to… Or when someone has got a position, like in the Olympics, they get first, second, and third position, so they stand up on a podium. E is on the podium with all three medals. Well, there’s a reason for that, because you are important. And when we talk about subject pronouns, we’re going to see how the first, second, and third person works. Ready? Let’s go to the board.

I mentioned Mr. E was wearing all the medals, and you’re going to probably ask why. I’ll show you. When we talk about personal pronouns or subject pronouns, the speaker is important, and who the speaker is speaking to is important, and this is how we can tell if something is first, second, or third person.

Let’s take a look at the first case. When I speak-or when E would speak-and I speak with friends, it’s called the first person, and this is where we use for the singular, “I”; and for the plural, “we”. Because I’m involved in the speaking, I am speaking with a group of people, and/or I am personally speaking. So we use “I” and “we” to say first person. Okay?

When we talk about the second person, it’s when I speak to you or I am speaking to a group of people. That means I, remember E is wearing the medals, I am directing my speech to somebody that I’m speaking to right now. I’m talking to you right now. Now, you, if you’re watching at your house, I’m talking to you, that could be one person. But really, we know I’m on the internet, so there’s thousands of people watching, but I’m speaking to you as well. So I am important and I am speaking to you, where I direct my speech, and that’s why we call it the second person. The second person in the conversation, you might say. It could be one person or a group of people. And in this case, we use the same pronoun, “you” and “you” to talk about you, I’m directing my speech directly to you. Good? All right.

Let’s do the third person. The third person is when I speak about something or someone. You can think of it as they’re not directly involved in the conversation. I could be talking about “it”, that’s the third person. Or I could be talking about “he” or “she”, as in the third person. So this is when I speak about someone or something. For the singular, we have “he”, “she”, and “it”, because we do talk about things. For the plural, we say “they”. Cool? Great. That was a simple lesson. Let’s go do a quiz on it. Are you ready? [Snaps].

Ready for the quiz? Now, be very careful, this is a two-part quiz. First we’re going to fill in the blanks with a proper or appropriate pronoun. Okay? Then we’re going to try to see: Is that a first, second, or third pronoun? That’ll be the second part we do. Are you ready? Let’s try this quick quiz.

“__________ am talking to them later.”
What would that be? Correct. “I am talking to them”, we know this because the “am” is there. So that means the subject is speaking. Okay? The subject is speaking.

How about the next one?
“I saw them yesterday and __________ said they were going home today to see their families.”
I’ll give you a little bit of a hint, here. We have “them”, “they”, and “their”. That’s right. These are all plural words, so we can make a safe guess that this would be “they”. In this case, I am talking about them; not to them. Try to remember that when we do the second part, if I am talking about them, what does that mean?

Number three:
“_________ are the type of person that makes friends easily.”
Okay, well we can see it’s one, “the” article says one type of person, so we have a choice between “I” and “you”. Well, I don’t think I’m talking about me. I think I’m talking to you. I think you’re the friendly type of person, you watch engVid, you got to be a good guy or girl.