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Whats is Article 35A ? Remove Article 35A

What is Article 35 A ?

What is Article 35 A ?
1. ARTICLE 35 A
2. What is Art 35-A?  Art 35-A empowers the Jammu and Kashmir Constitution to define “permanent residents” (PR) of the state.  Only the J&K assembly can change the definition of PR through a law ratified by a two-thirds majority.  It provides some special rights and guarantees to safeguard the unique identity of the people of J&K.  It was brought in by a presidential order in 1954.

#removearticle35a #article35a

3. What is the case?  The Supreme Court is hearing petitions challenging the validity of Art 35A.  The legitimacy of the Instrument of Accession, by which J&K united with India, is in question.  The validity of the negotiations which led to the adoption of Article 370 is also questioned.  [Article 370 underscores J&K’s special legal status, and has actually given the Centre the power over that state.] 3
4. Continue…  The case has been adjourned as J&K administration and Centre cited local poll preparations.  The Centre also said an interlocutor has been appointed and the talks are going on. 4
5. What is the contention?  Rights – From a purely individual rights or economic integration perspective, the case for 35A is not clear- cut.  There is a contention that any restrictions differentiating residents & non-residents are inherently discriminatory.  But this argument would not only invalidate 35A with respect to Kashmir alone.  Several other states including Mizoram, Nagaland and Himachal would also be affected by it. 5
6. Continue…  Constitution – Art 370 is the only mechanism that allows the Indian Union to legally exercise power in Kashmir.  Abrogating that mechanism is not just abrogating a specific policy.  It would amount to repudiation of an important part of the legal structure which India’s claims rest upon. 6
7. What had the Court’s stance been?  As a matter of law, the status of Art 35-A had been considered by the Supreme Court ½ in the past.  The Court had observed that the Indian state needs to honour the terms and conditions in different instruments of accession.  Accordingly, the SC had noted that essentially, the laws governing J&K are part of a political settlement.  So it is up to the political process to modify the terms of the settlement, and not that of the judiciary. 7
8. How to deal with it?  The challenge in leaving it to political process is that the application of this principle could be deeply politicised.  So the Supreme Court can instead uphold the validity of 35A through its judgement.  Nevertheless, it should also ensure to not completely leave it to the mercy of the J&K assembly when it comes to discrimination issues.
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Many researchers thought that the Egyptian tombs were constructed to highlight the majesty pharaohs. And that’s what we studied at school. Yeah, past tense! Brace yourselves, folks, because it looks as if scientists have finally discovered the true purpose of the pyramids! It seems these unique structures might have had a function that was a far cry from burying the dead…

TIMESTAMPS:
How the Great Pyramid of Giza is different from any other traditional tombs 1:22
Could the ancient Egyptians have had technologies as advanced as the modern ones? 2:57
The Great Pyramid’s mysteries 4:20
What about the “sarcophagi”? 6:34
“The Queen’s Chamber” beneath the Great Pyramid 7:27
What was the gold capstone at the top of the Great Pyramid used for 9:46
Could ancient Egyptians us wireless energy for communication purposes? 10:45

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SUMMARY:
– The Great Pyramid of Giza was made with over 2 million stone blocks, each weighing from 3 to 30 tons. Actually, the most gigantic ones can be as heavy as 50 tons! The base of the Great Pyramid covers an area of 592,000 square feet, and each of its sides is about 218,000 square feet in size.
– If you let go of the stereotype that ancient civilizations were less developed than we are today, a question arises: could the ancient Egyptians have had technologies as advanced as the modern ones? What if their knowledge was lost only to be rediscovered centuries later?
– Interestingly enough, the Egyptians also used a special material, dolomite, on the inner sides of the pyramid. This mineral is known to multiply electrical conductivity.
– Modern technology still can’t recreate the gypsum-based mortar that was used during the construction of the pyramids. This kind of gypsum withstands huge amounts of pressure. So this may sound bizarre, but the mortar holding them together is, in fact, stronger than the blocks of the pyramid themselves.
– In 1993, an inaccessible secret room was uncovered beneath the Great Pyramid. This room, which seemed to be deliberately concealed, was dubbed “The Queen’s Chamber”. In 2011, thanks to more developed technologies, it became possible to explore the room with the help of a remote camera.
– At the top of the Great Pyramid of Giza, there used to be a capstone made entirely of gold. It forwarded a path to transfer negative ions (those are atoms with an electrical charge) to the ionosphere (the layer of the earth’s atmosphere that contains a ton of said atoms). And that’s how an electric current of immense power was produced!
– Another weird thing you can see in such carvings is what clearly looks like a wireless antenna. Perhaps the ancient Egyptians used wireless energy for communication purposes? They very well could’ve used electricity at weaving plants to manufacture yarn.

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Why Are People Hating on This BuzzFeed Body Positivity Article?

BuzzFeed profiled Robbie Tripp and his wife Sarah Tripp. In particular, BuzzFeed shared Robbie’s loving, body-positive notes that caption Instagram photos of Sarah.

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Lately, it seems like Facebook has been buried in scandals. From misappropriating user’s data to its role in spreading hate speech and Russian propaganda, Facebook has been forced to reevaluate its focus and future agenda.

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Watch Sky News live

Watch Sky News live. Today’s top stories are: Theresa May expected to confirm her departure date, Sky News crew shelled by Syrian regime in Idlib and transgender women given full access to ladies-only Hampstead Heath pond.

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Article 13 - Burning Questions #SaveYourInternet

How well do you understand Article 13? Your future could depend on it. In this video, Matt from YouTube explains what is Article 13 and its unintended consequences. Be sure to watch, and learn more at https://www.youtube.com/saveyourinternet

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Article 13 – There’s a better way

Article 13 is part of European copyright legislation created with the intent to better protect creativity and find effective ways for copyright holders to protect their content online.

We support the goals of Article 13, but the version written by the European Parliament could have large unintended consequences that would change the web as we know it. There’s a better way. Learn more and join the conversation at youtube.com/saveyourinternet

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