In this video, research paper structure and its components (Title & Affiliations to Appendices) are explained with proper examples.
How to write a research paper…. (in Hindi)
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How to write a research paper (Title, Abstract……….. References, Appendices) (Hindi)
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We all want to be happy, but when do you just say ‘happiness’ – and when is ‘the happiness’ the right thing to say? Find out with Catherine, Callum and Finn in this episode of 6 Minute Grammar. You can find more practice activities on our website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/course/intermediate/unit-16/session-2 Video Rating: / 5
0:00 About this Video
0:53 Margins, Font, Line Spacing
5:45 Title Page
7:11 Running Head
14:32 Section Headings
18:21 Closing Remarks
This video will show you how to set up your paper using the latest version of APA Style for Microsoft Word 2016 on Windows. The steps are very similar on older versions of Word for Windows, if not the same. On Word for Mac, I believe the steps are the same, but the interface is different.
For how to make a Reference List:
For how to use In-Text Citations and Quotations:
For how to create a Running Head on Google Docs:
For more information about APA Style, pick up the latest version of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, or browse through the resources at the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL):
The abstract is one of the most important if not THE most important part of your entire research paper. It needs to accomplish two main objectives: it must give a concise summary of the content of your research paper; and it should seduce the reader into reading or purchasing your full paper.
This video gives step-by-step instructions on how to develop and construct your abstract, as well providing as some dos and don’ts when it comes to composing your abstract. It also features a “sample abstract” that you can use as a guide when composing your own work.
This video includes:
✔ An explanation of why the abstract is important to your paper
✔ A detailed summary of how to approach and plan to write the abstract
✔ Step-by-step instructions on how to include all relevant parts of the abstract (motivation and purpose, problem, methods, results, and conclusion)
✔ An abstract sample that demonstrates how to apply these rules
✔ General tips on what to include and what to avoid when writing your abstract
Who should watch this video:
★Research writers writing a paper for a journal or conference
★Students interested in learning how to compose a proper abstract
For more useful writing tips, check out these posts on our “Resources” page:
“How to Write the Best Journal Submissions Cover Letter”
“100+ Strong Verbs That Will Make Your Research Writing Amazing”
“How to Write an Abstract”
“Which Tense Should I Use in My Abstract: Past or Present”
An abstract noun is a word that means a general concept or idea, like “life” or “friendship”. We can use “the” with common nouns, as in “the sky is blue”. But can we use “the” with abstract nouns? For example, would you say “happiness is important” or “the happiness is important”? If you are not sure, watch this lesson to learn when to use “the” with general and abstract nouns. Don’t forget to take the quiz afterwards to test your understanding!
Hi. I’m Rebecca from engVid. Many English learners have trouble deciding when to use “the” or no “the”, so I understand that problem, I know it can be a little bit confusing, but I believe that by the end of this lesson, you’re going to find it much easier. Okay?
So let’s start with a little quiz first to see where you stand regarding that word “the”. So, let’s look at this first example. Should you say: “Life is beautiful.” or “The life is beautiful.”? Okay. Think about it. Decide. Another one: “Friendship is precious.” or “The friendship is precious.”? Which one is right? Think for yourself. We’ll do one more, and then I’ll give you the answers. “Happiness is important.” or “The happiness is important.”? Which one is correct? Do you know? How do you know?
How do you decide which one is right? I’ll tell you. When we’re talking about something which is a general concept or idea, then we do not use “the”. Okay? For example, let’s take the first one. “Life is beautiful.” Now, life is a general concept, so we do not need “the”. So, this is the correct answer. All right? Not this. “Life is beautiful.” Because life is a general idea, a general concept. Okay? We’re not talking about anything specific. If we say: “The life of wise people is beautiful.” that is something specific, and then we would be correct to say: “The life”. Okay? But if we’re just talking in general, then no “the”.
Let’s look at the next example. “Friendship is precious.” Again, friendship is a general idea or a general concept, so this is correct. Okay? In this example, this one was wrong. But if I said, for example: “The friendship between those two children is precious.” then that would be fine, because now I’m specifying which friendship. Right? The friendship between those two children, so then it becomes specific, and then we would use “the”. But in this example, this is correct. Okay? Just like this was, and this is wrong, because this is a general idea. Okay?
Next one: “Happiness is important.” By now you know, again, happiness is a general idea, a general concept, so this is correct. In this example, it would be wrong to say: “The happiness”, because: The happiness of what? So, if we say: “The happiness of my family is important.” that’s fine. That’s very good. That would be a perfect sentence. But in this case, we cannot say: “The happiness is important.” because we didn’t specify which happiness. Okay? So, in this case, that’s wrong, and this is correct. Okay?
Now, the same principle applies to these. See if you can figure it out. Okay? “I want to make money.” or “I want to make the money.”? Which one do you think is right? Are we speaking in general, or are we speaking specifically? Well, we are speaking in general right now, so this is correct, because we’re just talking about money; we didn’t say which money. I want to make money. Right? General idea. If I said, for example: “I want to make the money I need to pay my rent.” that’s specific, so then I could say: “the money”, because I’m explaining after that which money. Okay? But in this example, no.
Next one: “She wants to lose weight.” or “She wants to lose the weight.”? Is it general or is it specific? What do you think? It’s still general. Good. By now you’re getting really smart. “She wants to lose weight.” is a general term. Right? We’re just talking about weight in general; not any specific weight. But if I say: “She wants to lose the weight she put on during the holidays.” that’s specific, and then I need “the”. Okay? But not in this example.
So, last one here: “He needs to earn respect.” or do we say: “He needs to earn the respect.”? Is it general or is it specific? By now you know, you’ll really know. It’s general. Very good. Okay? Because we didn’t talk about any specific respect; we’re talking about respect in general. So: “He needs to earn respect.” But if this was being used, it would be something like: “He needs to earn the respect of his peers.” Peers are people your age. Okay? Or: “He needs to earn the respect of his employees.” for example, or “of his parents”. Then it becomes specific. Which respect? The respect of his parents, the respect of his employees. All right?
So, if it was specific, then we could say “the”, but when we’re just talking in general, we don’t need “the”. “Life is beautiful.”, “Friendship is precious.”, “Happiness is important.”, “I want to make money.”, “She wants to lose weight.”, “He needs to earn respect.” Video Rating: / 5
How to Write an Abstract. Once you’re done with your academic paper after months of hard work, you’ll also need to create an abstract of your paper, too. Since this writing summarizes and represents your work, you’ll want it to be picture perfect, right? Lucky for you, we’ve put together some tips on writing the best abstract, so pay close attention!
Find out the requirements 0:55
Pick the right abstract type 1:42
Consider your readers 3:27
Explain the importance of your research 4:10
Explain the problem and your methods 4:45
Avoid copy-pasting 5:19
Keep it well-structured and logical 6:15
Include key phrases and words 7:00
Sum it up 7:49
Editing and proofreading 8:18
-Whether you’re writing it to apply for a conference, grant, journal publication, or work project, find out if there are any specific requirements regarding its length and style.
-When it comes to abstract types, you have two options to choose from: descriptive versus informative. Normally, descriptive abstracts are written for shorter papers, and informative ones for longer more technical pieces.
-Fellow scholars from the same research field will easily get the ideas and special terminology you use, while average readers or people from another scientific field probably won’t grasp complicated concepts.
-As you get down to actually writing the abstract, there are four key points you wanna hit when explaining the importance of your research to your readers.
-It’s really important to define the scope of your research. It’s imperative that your research has a key claim or argument, which is definitely worth mentioning in the abstract.
-Your abstract should be an independent piece of writing and not a collage of disconnected paraphrased sentences.
-No matter how short it has to be, your abstract should be built according to the usual essay model and have an introduction, body, and conclusion.
-If you want your prospective readers to be able to find your work among millions of publications, adding 5 to 10 important key words or phrases to your abstract will certainly help.
-An informative abstract should explain what answers the research helped you find and if it supported your original argument.
-Check your abstract several times for grammar and spelling, and don’t forget to format it the right way. Another pair of eyes won’t hurt either.