Nouns, Articles and Adjectives Beginner lesson 11
In this English grammar lesson you’ll learn some basic rules on the use of the articles ‘a’, ‘an’ and ‘the’. We will end the lesson with a gap-filling exercise, so you can test your understanding.
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The indefinite articles “a” and “an” are used with singular countable nouns when we mention something or someone for the first time. “A” is used before consonants and “an” – before vowels. We use “the” if it’s clear for a listener what thing or person we talk about. We don’t use an article with the names of cities or countries. But we say the USA. (We use “the” with the names of countries which have the words like states, republic, kingdom, or union)
New York is a city. (a + noun)
New York is big.(adjective)
New York is a big city. (a + adjective + noun)
He has an umbrella. (an + noun which starts with the vowel “u”)
The umbrella is blue. (the + noun cause we know what umbrella we mean)
He has a blue umbrella. (a + adjective which begins with the consonant “b” + noun)
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