Posts Tagged ‘Correctly’

How to use  Articles - 'a, an and the' correctly  (Grammar for kids) -English

Learn how to use articles ‘a, an , the’ correctly in simple sentences , the fun way through this short animated video for kids.
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5 Advanced Rules to use ‘Articles (an, an, the)’ correctly | Mistakes with Articles | English Grammar Lesson to improve your writing skills.

You are looking to learn the correct use of English articles, that’s how you’ve landed on this English Grammar lesson. You know what are English articles (a, an, the) and you also know how to use them while speaking English, you know what are definite articles and indefinite article, but do you know when to use and when not to use articles in English. Many students make mistakes in English Grammar while using articles as they follow the basic rules taught in school. In this English Grammar lesson learn some advanced grammar rules on how to use articles in spoken & written English. Correct your English mistakes with Articles.

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5 Advanced Rules to use ‘Articles (an, an, the)’ correctly | Mistakes made with Articles

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Learn how to use have been / has been / had been correctly. Also see – MOST COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH & HOW TO AVOID THEM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9

***** RELATED LESSONS *****
1. Most Common MISTAKES in English & How to Avoid Them: https://goo.gl/n8BJ7v
2. HAVE HAD / HAS HAS / HAD HAD: https://goo.gl/Aj3hRD
3. SHOULD HAVE / COULD HAVE / WOULD HAVE: https://goo.gl/X2bw7J
4. Correct Use of COULD and WOULD: https://goo.gl/oC2qKX
5. All GRAMMAR lessons: https://goo.gl/A3VuGh
6. All MODAL VERBS lessons: https://goo.gl/v9fCh8

Transcript:
‘Have been’, ‘has been’ and ‘had been’. These forms cause a lot of
confusion for many people. Well, in this video, I will clear up
that confusion. I’m going to teach you the three main uses of
these forms how to use them correctly without making mistakes. As
always, there is a quiz at the end of the video to test your
understanding. Alright, let’s get started. Before we talk about
the uses, you need to know the basics of where to use have, has
and had been: in the present, if the subject of a sentence is
I/You/We/They or a plural noun, then we use ‘have been’. If the
subject is He/She/It or a singular noun, then we use ‘has been’.
This is when we talk about the present. When we talk only about
the past, it’s very easy. For any subject, we use ‘had been’. OK,
let me test you: what do we use with He/She/It or a singular noun
in the present? We use ‘has been’. What about with I/You/We/They
or plural nouns? We use ‘have been’. And in the past tense? We use
‘had been’ for all subjects. Good, so let’s now look at the first
use of these forms. This is in the present perfect tense. That is,
to talk about actions or situations that started in the past and
are still continuing. Here’s an example: “I have been working as a
teacher for 7 years.” In speech, we usually shorten ‘I have’ to
‘I’ve’ – “I’ve been working as a teacher for 7 years.” Let’s look
at a timeline for this. You know that I started working as a
teacher seven years ago (or in 2010 because at the time of filming
this video, right now, it’s 2017), and I’m still a teacher, so
this action – ‘working’ is continuing. In this sentence, we can
also say: “I have been working as a teacher since 2010.” The
difference between ‘for’ and ‘since’ is that if you want to
mention the duration (or amount of time), then you use ‘for’ (like
‘for 7 years’). If you want to mention the starting point of the
action or situation, use ‘since’ (as in ‘since 2010’). Here’s
another example: let’s say that this lady wants to see the doctor.
Her appointment was at 3 o’clock. She came to the hospital at 3,
but the doctor wasn’t there. So she started waiting at 3 o’clock
and she’s still waiting – let’s say it’s 5 o’clock now, so two
hours have passed. So what can we say? We can say: “She has been
waiting for two hours.” or “She has been waiting since 3 o’clock.”
In natural speech, we say he‘s been and she’s been: “She’s been
waiting”. OK have a look at this sentence: “He has been the CEO of
the company for four months” or we can say ‘since June’ because
that’s when he started. Here, we don’t have an –ing verb like
‘working’ or ‘waiting’. That’s because we don’t want to focus on
any action, we just want to express the situation – that he became
the CEO in June and he’s still the CEO. Here’s another example:
“They’ve been married for 25 years / since 1992.” When did they
get married? In 1992. Are they still married now? Yes. So, they’ve
been married for 25 years now. OK, so what about ‘had been’? Well,
let’s change our sentences a little bit: “I had been working as a
teacher for 7 years when I quit my job.” Ah, we see a different
meaning here. It means that I started working as a teacher at some
point in the past, I was a teacher for 7 years, but then I quit.
So now, I am no longer a teacher. I want you to notice that there
are two past actions here: one continuous action (“I had been
working as a teacher”) and a single finished action at the end of
that (“I quit”). Compare this to the previous sentence – “I have
been working as a teacher” – here, there is only one continuous
action and it’s still continuing, it’s not finished. So, please
remember this rule: only use ‘had been’ if there were two events
in the past: a continuing action or a situation and a single,
finished action. So let’s go back to the other sentences. With
these, we can say: “She had been waiting for two hours when the
doctor finally arrived.” “He’d been the CEO of the company for
only four months when it went bankrupt.” ‘Went bankrupt’ means the
company lost all its money and closed down. “They had been married
for 25 years when they divorced.” So are they still married?
Unfortunately, no. Just like the sentences with ‘have been’ and
‘has been’ are in the present perfect tense, the sentences with
‘had been’ are in the past perfect tense.
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8 Rules to use the definite article ‘THE’ correctly in English – Learn English Grammar Rules in Hindi #grammarrules #learnenglish #useofthe

English articles play a very important rule in English Grammar. The definite article THE always confuses students and they make mistakes in spoken and written English. In today’s English Grammar Lesson with Meera, Learn 8 important rules about How to use The correctly. This English Grammar rules are explained in Hindi with example sentences for your better understanding.

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In this lesson, learn the 7 rules for using articles in English correctly. Also see – MOST COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH & HOW TO AVOID THEM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9

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Transcript:
Hello and welcome. In this
lesson, I will teach you the
seven rules that you need to
know for using articles in
English correctly. Articles are
the words ‘a’, ‘an’, and ‘the’.
There is a final quiz at the
end of the lesson for you to
test your understanding.
OK, the first rule is about
where to use ‘a’ and where to
use ‘an’. So rule number one is
use ‘a’ before a consonant
sound, and ‘an’ before a vowel
sound.
So in all of these words – you
see that they start with a
consonant sound. Cat starts
with /k/, dog
starts with /d/, boy with /b/,
girl with /g/, house with /h/
and tree with /t/.
So we say ‘a cat’, ‘a dog’, ‘a
boy’, ‘a girl’, ‘a house’, ‘a
tree’ etc. Notice that in
natural speech, we don’t say
‘a’, we say ‘uh’ – like ‘a
cat’.
In this next set of words, you
see that, they all start with a
vowel sound – apple starts with
/ae/, engineer starts with /e/,
ice-cream with /ai/, old with
/o/, umbrella with /uh/.
So we say ‘an apple’, ‘an
engineer’, ‘an ice-cream cone’,
‘an old womman’, ‘an umbrella’
and so on. In speech, we don’t
say ‘an’, we say /ən/.
Let’s do a small exercise. You
see ten items on the screen.
For each one, I want you to say
if you would use ‘a’ or ‘an’
before it. Stop the video,
think about it, then play the
video again and check.
OK here are the answers. Did
you get them all right? I want
to focus on items number seven
to ten because these are a
little tricky. Number seven is
‘a university’ because even
though ‘university’ starts with
the letter ‘u’ the first sound
of the word is not a vowel
sound. We don’t say
/ooniversity/. We say /yoo-nə-
vər-si-ty/ so that first sound
is a /y/ sound, which a
consonant sound, so we say ‘a
university.’
Number eight is similar. The
word ‘European’ starts with a
/y/ sound, so ‘a European
tour.’
In number nine, the spelling
has an ‘h’ at the start but
that ‘h’ is silent. We don’t
say /hau-ər/, we say /au-ər/.
The first sound is an /au/
sound which is a vowel sound,
so this is ‘an hour’. In the
same way, in number ten, we say
MA. ‘M’ starts with an /e/
sound which is again a vowel
sound, so ‘an MA in English’.
OK let’s move on to rule number
two: Use ‘a’ and ‘an’ ONLY with
singular, countable nouns.
We say that a noun is countable
if we can count it – one, two,
three, four etc.
All of these words on the
screen are countable. We can
say one elephant, three cars,
ten teachers, five hundred
onions and so on. Now if you
talk about one person or thing,
like one elephant or one
car, then that’s called a
singular noun and if you say
ten teachers or five hundred
onions, those are called plural
nouns.
Uncountable nouns cannot be
counted in this way. Nouns like
water, sugar, milk, love,
anger, knowledge are some
examples. If you think about
it, you cannot say “I drank
four waters” or “I want eight
milks”. To a person, you can
say “I love you” but you can’t
say “I have five loves for you”
– that doesn’t make any sense.
So these are all uncountable.
Alright, so the rule is – you
can only use ‘a’ and ‘an’ if
you’re talking about one person
or one thing.
Let’s do another quick
exercise. Here are ten items
again. This time, you see ‘a’
or ‘an’ before the nouns, but
some of these are wrong. They
should NOT have ‘a’ or ‘an’
before them. Stop the video,
identify the mistakes, then
play the video again and check.
OK, here are the answers.
Number three is wrong because
‘shirts’ is a plural and you
cannot use ‘a’ or ‘an’ before a
plural noun. Number five is
wrong because ‘happiness’ is
uncountable, so again, ‘a’ or
‘an’ cannot be used there. The
same goes for number six –
water is uncountable. Number
nine is wrong because ‘doctors’
is a plural – you can say ‘a
doctor’ but not ‘a doctors’.
And finally, in number ten,
advice is an uncountable noun –
so you cannot ask for ‘an
advice’.
Now a quick note here: the
article ‘the’ can be used with
all kinds of nouns – singular
or plural countable nouns, and
uncountable nouns.
OK, so let’s now talk about how
to choose between ‘a’ or ‘an’
and ‘the’.
Here’s rule number three: Use
‘a’ or ‘an’ to talk about a
person or thing unknown to your
listener. And use ‘the’ to talk
about a person or thing known
to your listener.
For example, “My sister has two
computers: a PC and a laptop.
The PC is quite old but the
laptop is brand new.” I say ‘a
PC’ and ‘a laptop’ because
that’s the first time I’m
mentioning the two computers.
That is, until this point, they
are unknown to you, the
listener.