Posts Tagged ‘Grammar’

Do you know how to use THE in English? It can be very confusing. If your language doesn’t have a word like the, learning how to use the correctly can be very difficult. Leave us a comment and practice what you learned in the lesson!
In this class, we’ll look at some simple advice and basic rules which will make it easier to remember how to use the correctly in English.

See the full version of this lesson with a quiz on our website: https://www.oxfordonlineenglish.com/use-the.

Contents:
1. What Does ‘The’ Mean? 1:47L
2. ‘The’ = WE Know Which One You Mean 2:48
3. How Do You Know If a Noun Needs ‘The’? 6:45
4. When Not to Use ‘The’ 11:06

This lesson can help you:
– Understand what exactly The means.
– Learn how to use The to talk about specific things.
– Recognize when a noun needs The.
– See when not to use The

See more free English lessons like this one on our website: https://www.oxfordonlineenglish.com/.
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What are Articles ? Learn English Grammar !
Articles are used to point out or refer to nouns. 

A, An and THE are called Articles.

INDEFINITE ARTICLES – A and an are called indefinite articles because they do not refer to any particular or definite person, place or thing; as an umbrella, a boy, a book.

DEFINITE ARTICLES – THE is called the definite article, because it always points out some particular object.
E.g. This is the boy who had stolen my purse.

Also See this video for – English Grammar articles rules, english grammar articles questions, articles online test
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Also See Video on

Indefinite Articles “an”

Indefinite articles A – Learn English Grammar Online

Definite article THE – Learn English Grammar

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How to use  Articles - 'a, an and the' correctly  (Grammar for kids) -English

Learn how to use articles ‘a, an , the’ correctly in simple sentences , the fun way through this short animated video for kids.
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In this lesson, you will learn the 13 USES of THE. Also see – MOST COMMON MISTAKES IN ENGLISH & HOW TO AVOID THEM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Dax90QyXgI&list=PLmwr9polMHwsR35rD9spEhjFUFa7QblF9

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Transcript:
Welcome back. This is
lesson two of my series on
articles. If you haven’t
seen the first lesson, you
will find the link to the
full playlist below.
Alright, in this lesson, I
will show you 13 uses of
the definite article –
‘the’. As always, there’s
a quiz at the end to test
your understanding.
Use number one is
something we discussed in
the previous lesson. This
is also the most important
use.
Use ‘the’ to talk about a
person or thing known to
your listener.
For example, “Julie has a
nine-year-old son. The boy
wants to be an astronaut.”
Here, I first say ‘a
nine-year old son’ because
you don’t know him yet.
But once I have introduced
him in the sentence, I
then say ‘The boy’ because
he is now known to you.
Here’s another example:
“Can you answer the
phone?” If I say this to
you, then there’s probably
a phone ringing somewhere.
So the phone is already
known to you, and I say
‘the phone’.
And finally, “This is the
watch that my sister gave
me for my birthday.” This
example is a little
different because if I
stop with “This is the
watch” – you will be
confused because you don’t
know the watch. But then
if I give you more
information about the
watch – it’s the watch
that my sister gave me for
my birthday – so that way
it becomes known to you.
Let’s now move on to use
number two: use ‘the’ with
unique things – that is,
where there is only one of
something. For example, we
say ‘the sun’ (because
there’s only one sun).
Similarly, ‘the moon’,
‘the sky’, ‘the world’,
‘the universe’ and so on.
Here are a couple of
sentences: “Everyone knows
that the sun rises in the
east.” and “Rahul has
traveled all over the
world.”
Some other things we
consider unique are ‘the
government’, ‘the police’,
‘the Internet’ and so on.
As in these sentences:
“The police are
investigating a murder in
our neighborhood.” and
“Almost everybody uses the
Internet today.”
OK the next use is with
some words referring to
nature or the environment
in a general way. These
are words such as the
countryside (which means
rural or village areas),
the town, the mountains,
the weather etc. For
example, “My son enjoys
spending time in the
countryside.” It means my
son likes to spend time
relaxing in rural areas.
Here are a couple more
sentences: “We’re going to
take a trip to the
mountains.” and “I love
the weather in Los
Angeles.”
Use number four is talking
about objects of common
experience like in the
expressions that you see
on the screen. We say that
these are objects of
common experience because
we all experience these in
our lives.
Have a look at this
example: “I met an
interesting man at the
park yesterday.” You may
not know which park but it
doesn’t matter – the park
is common experience.
In the same way “Did you
read the newspaper this
morning?” I don’t care
which newspaper you read,
I just want to know if
read one today. Here’s
another example: “Darren
likes to sing in the
shower.”
We also use ‘the ‘ with
some types of media
(including the word
‘media’ itself) and also
forms of entertainment.
For example, “I don’t
listen to the radio a lot
these days.” or “Pooja is
at the movies with her
friends.” Note that ‘at
the movies’ means at a
movie theatre.
But it’s important to note
that TV doesn’t work this
way. You can use ‘the’
with TV if you mean a
television set. Like “Will
you help me move the TV?”
But if you mean television
as a medium, then you say
‘on TV’ – as in “I saw a
documentary on TV today.”
Not ‘on the TV’. It’s just
a crazy rule in English.
Let’s move on to use
number five now. Use ‘the’
with some time
expressions. You see these
on the screen – we always
use ‘the’ in these
expressions.
For example, “Kids hate
getting up early in the
morning.”, “A friend of
mine got married the day
before yesterday.” and “We
love to go swimming in the
summer.”
We also say ‘the past’,
‘the present’ and ‘the
future’ probably because
there’s only one past,
present and future. Like
in this sentence: “We must
learn our lessons from the
past and work towards the
future.”
‘The’ is also found in
time expressions like ‘the
eighteenth century’, ‘the
1960s’ (or simply ‘the
60s’) and so on. For
example, “This house was
built by my grandfather in
the sixties.”
Now you have to be a
little careful with time
expressions because there
are many that should be
used without articles. You
see some of these on the
screen. We will discuss
these more in the next
lesson when we talk about
where to use no article.
The next use is
superlative forms. These
are expressions like ‘the
best’, ‘the worst’, ‘the
biggest’, ‘the smallest’
and so on.

“What’s the different”? “Today morning”? “I enjoyed”? Improve your grammar by correcting the common mistakes in these English sentences. A good review for all students, especially at intermediate and advanced levels. Also check our full resource of 100 Common Grammar Mistakes in English at http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/50-common-grammar-mistakes-in-english/
Quiz: http://www.engvid.com/8-common-grammar-mistakes-in-english/

TRANSCRIPT

Hi. I’m Rebecca from engVid. In this lesson, you’ll have a chance to review eight common English errors. So, let’s see how you do.

The first one: “Today morning I woke up late.” So, what’s wrong with that? There is actually something wrong with each and every one of these. I’ll tell you that in advance; there’s no… There are no tricks here. Okay? So, what’s wrong with that sentence? “Today morning I woke up late.” Well, it should be: “This morning”. Okay? We don’t say: “Today morning”. We say: “This morning”.

Number two: “What’s the different?” What’s the different? Well, that’s wrong too, because “different” is an adjective. What you want to use here is the noun. So, what’s the noun of this word? “Difference”. “What’s the difference?” Okay? This is a really common error, so make sure you don’t make this one.

Next one: “I met John two years before.” Okay? What’s wrong with that? Well, over here, we can’t say: “I met John two years before.” We can say: “I met two… I met John two years ago.” All right? If you use the word “before”, then you have to say before something. “Before I graduated”. Okay? “Before I got married”, or whatever. But you can’t use “before” by itself. So the proper word there is “ago”. “I met John two years ago.”

Next one: “This is a six-months course.” That sounds almost okay, but it’s not okay. So the mistake here is with the “s”. When we use this expression, it becomes… The entire expression becomes an adjective for the noun “course”. So we should say: “This is a six-month course.”, “This is a million dollar contract.” And so on. Okay? That’s another… Each of these is a different element of grammar, different aspect of grammar, and so on.

Next, number five: “Thank you. I really enjoyed.” What’s wrong with that? Well, the problem is here. “Enjoyed” is a reflexive verb, so you would need to say: “I really enjoyed myself.”, “I really enjoyed myself.”, “He enjoyed himself.”, “She enjoyed herself.”, “We enjoyed ourselves.”, “They enjoyed themselves.” Okay? So there are certain reflexive verbs in English, and we need to use them correctly. That’s one of them. Very common one.

Okay, number six: “Did you loose your cellphone?” What’s wrong with that? I helped you a little bit by actually showing you where the error is. So, many people make this error. This is actually a spelling mistake. You should be spelling the word this way. “Did you lose your cellphone?” “Loose” is an adjective which means not tight, and “lose” is the opposite of “find”. Okay? “Did you lose your cellphone?” Also, the pronunciation is “lose” and not “loose”.

Next one: “This is an academic course.”, “This is an academic course.” So, what was wrong with what I said there? Okay? So, what was wrong was my pronunciation of that. So many people mispronounce this word. It is not “academic”. It is “academic”. The stress is on the middle. Academic. “This is an academic course.”, “This is an academic program.” Okay? So, if… In case you make that mistake. I’m not saying you do. In case you do, make sure you correct it.

Last one: “Yes, I have a free time.” Is that…? What’s wrong there? What’s going on? Okay, here. We don’t need to say: “A free time”. We need to say: “Free time”, because this is a… Time is an uncountable noun.

Now, each one of these examples represents a different aspect of grammar. So, how can you possibly learn all of them? Well, I’ll give you two easy ways to help you out. One is to go to our website: www.engvid.com, because there, we have currently I think more than 700 lessons on different aspects of English grammar and of English in general for exams, for writing, speaking, all kinds of things. And by watching them, you can find the lessons that you actually need. And the other thing is that we also have… I’ve written actually a resource which might help you, which shows 50 such common errors that people make in English, and that might help you out as well. Okay?

So, I hope you did well, and I hope you continue to do better and better in English. All the best with your English. Bye for now.
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English grammar || Articles || Definite article with proper nouns || Learn English || Speak English

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Zero articles: Many nouns have a little grammar word in front of them. Often it’s one of the articles, the, a, or an. Some nouns though do not normally need articles. Dan takes us through some of the main groups of nouns that don’t require articles, and does it all in 90 seconds.

Learn more here http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/course/upper-intermediate/unit-9/session-1
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An abstract noun is a word that means a general concept or idea, like “life” or “friendship”. We can use “the” with common nouns, as in “the sky is blue”. But can we use “the” with abstract nouns? For example, would you say “happiness is important” or “the happiness is important”? If you are not sure, watch this lesson to learn when to use “the” with general and abstract nouns. Don’t forget to take the quiz afterwards to test your understanding!
http://www.engvid.com/grammar-the-common-abstract-nouns/

TRANSCRIPT

Hi. I’m Rebecca from engVid. Many English learners have trouble deciding when to use “the” or no “the”, so I understand that problem, I know it can be a little bit confusing, but I believe that by the end of this lesson, you’re going to find it much easier. Okay?

So let’s start with a little quiz first to see where you stand regarding that word “the”. So, let’s look at this first example. Should you say: “Life is beautiful.” or “The life is beautiful.”? Okay. Think about it. Decide. Another one: “Friendship is precious.” or “The friendship is precious.”? Which one is right? Think for yourself. We’ll do one more, and then I’ll give you the answers. “Happiness is important.” or “The happiness is important.”? Which one is correct? Do you know? How do you know?

How do you decide which one is right? I’ll tell you. When we’re talking about something which is a general concept or idea, then we do not use “the”. Okay? For example, let’s take the first one. “Life is beautiful.” Now, life is a general concept, so we do not need “the”. So, this is the correct answer. All right? Not this. “Life is beautiful.” Because life is a general idea, a general concept. Okay? We’re not talking about anything specific. If we say: “The life of wise people is beautiful.” that is something specific, and then we would be correct to say: “The life”. Okay? But if we’re just talking in general, then no “the”.

Let’s look at the next example. “Friendship is precious.” Again, friendship is a general idea or a general concept, so this is correct. Okay? In this example, this one was wrong. But if I said, for example: “The friendship between those two children is precious.” then that would be fine, because now I’m specifying which friendship. Right? The friendship between those two children, so then it becomes specific, and then we would use “the”. But in this example, this is correct. Okay? Just like this was, and this is wrong, because this is a general idea. Okay?

Next one: “Happiness is important.” By now you know, again, happiness is a general idea, a general concept, so this is correct. In this example, it would be wrong to say: “The happiness”, because: The happiness of what? So, if we say: “The happiness of my family is important.” that’s fine. That’s very good. That would be a perfect sentence. But in this case, we cannot say: “The happiness is important.” because we didn’t specify which happiness. Okay? So, in this case, that’s wrong, and this is correct. Okay?

Now, the same principle applies to these. See if you can figure it out. Okay? “I want to make money.” or “I want to make the money.”? Which one do you think is right? Are we speaking in general, or are we speaking specifically? Well, we are speaking in general right now, so this is correct, because we’re just talking about money; we didn’t say which money. I want to make money. Right? General idea. If I said, for example: “I want to make the money I need to pay my rent.” that’s specific, so then I could say: “the money”, because I’m explaining after that which money. Okay? But in this example, no.

Next one: “She wants to lose weight.” or “She wants to lose the weight.”? Is it general or is it specific? What do you think? It’s still general. Good. By now you’re getting really smart. “She wants to lose weight.” is a general term. Right? We’re just talking about weight in general; not any specific weight. But if I say: “She wants to lose the weight she put on during the holidays.” that’s specific, and then I need “the”. Okay? But not in this example.

So, last one here: “He needs to earn respect.” or do we say: “He needs to earn the respect.”? Is it general or is it specific? By now you know, you’ll really know. It’s general. Very good. Okay? Because we didn’t talk about any specific respect; we’re talking about respect in general. So: “He needs to earn respect.” But if this was being used, it would be something like: “He needs to earn the respect of his peers.” Peers are people your age. Okay? Or: “He needs to earn the respect of his employees.” for example, or “of his parents”. Then it becomes specific. Which respect? The respect of his parents, the respect of his employees. All right?

So, if it was specific, then we could say “the”, but when we’re just talking in general, we don’t need “the”. “Life is beautiful.”, “Friendship is precious.”, “Happiness is important.”, “I want to make money.”, “She wants to lose weight.”, “He needs to earn respect.”
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Articles are those tricky little words we often find before nouns. Sometimes we use them and sometimes we don’t. In this lesson, we’ll look at the difference between the Definite Article (THE) and the Zero Article (X). We’ll talk about how to use these articles (or how NOT to use them), and some of the rules we should follow to help us become better speakers and writers.

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VIDEO Class 4, Grammatical content:
You will study articles, plurals and countable and uncountable nouns.

Sign up for free to get all video classes!

http://www.abaenglish.com/en/english-courses/aba-free/
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