Posts Tagged ‘Introduction’

Child Psychology is one of the branches of Psychology that is much studied nowadays. People are realizing that starting right correlates with a better future, whether through physical, mental or spiritual health. While the genetics of a child can influence their development, the environmental factors can trigger certain personal characteristics more than others. Thus, it is an interesting field of study of how a childs psychology is developed. There are three major contexts that are analyzed when it comes to determining a childs psychology, which are the social, cultural and socioeconomic contexts.

The social context refers to the relationships a child has with the people around them, whether it is their family, peers, or even school. Each of their relationship would overlap one another and affect the way they develop.

The cultural context refers to the values, customs and shared assumptions they grow up with. These are usually influenced by their family or people they highly respect, as well as the education system they grow up with. This is where children learn what is right and wrong, and also learn to have perspectives towards things.

The socioeconomic context refers to the social class in which a child grows up in. This would include factors like the access to education, the income, job opportunities, place of living, as well opportunities or lack of from the social class. Generally, the higher the class a child is brought up in, they would be able to have greater opportunities in education, health care and nutrition as they have the money to live comfortably. Lower classes would not enjoy as much of these, especially if they are not subsidized by the government, which would affect the development of a childs psychology.

Pursue a Masters in Child Psychology and you will be able to have a fulfilling, if not lucrative, practice.

Chris is the writer of this article, You can visit us for more information on Online Masters Degree Programs and Online Master in Child Psychology .

Introduction to Social Latin Dances

If you want to become a well rounded Salsero or Salsera, it is important to have an understanding of all Latin dance and music. We will be exploring a few of the prominent dances today and examine why they are beneficial for your salsa skills, moves, and techniques. This article focuses on the social style Latin Dances. This differs compared to Ballroom Latin Dance which consists of five specific styles: rumba, samba, paso doble, cha-cha-cha, and jive.


Merengue is a dance from the Dominican Republic, often cited as the National Dance of D.R. Like many music styles in D.R., merengue was “country music”. The music is credited to a Nico Lora, whom created it in the 1920s and named it after meringue, a dessert from egg whites and sugar. Merengue’s early years began in brothels and bars on the valley region around Santiago, formally called the Cibao. With its humble yet nefarious beginnings, efforts to ban merengue in high society proved successful until the 1930s. Under the rule of Rafael Trufillo from 1930-1961, the dance was imposed on all levels of society sufficiently squelching the other national music forms, like Bachata. Trujillo embraced this language as it spoke to him about humble beginnings, himself coming from a rural area. Many songs during his dictatorship were composed to praise his virtues and contributions to the nation.

So why is this important for a salsa dancer? It’s a free practice. Many people just sit out during merengue. The same can be said for bachata, or even cha-cha. Dancing merengue helps you perfect the leads and hand positions. In all areas of training, if you can do something slowly and perfectly, it will take little time before you can do it fast. Jumping right into full speed will embed poor techniques and habits into your dance.


Bachata is another dance from the Dominican Republic, with subjects of forlorn emotion, romance, and heartbreak. Bachata is the equivalent of the Blues in America, many of the same themes are discussed and have similar resolutions such as looking for yourself at the bottom of the bottle. You can easily recognize bachata for its predominant use of the electric guitar which plucks out the main rhythm, usually an eight note run. An evolution from the Bolero, bachata has had much success in clubs in recent years.

Bachata is a more intimate dance but it will help you learn the body language of Latin dance. You will feel the natural motion of each other and how to properly lead and follow. To become a better dancer you must become multifaceted. It’s not enough to know how to do a bunch of moves, or how to show off. You need to establish a connection with your partner so it feels like a dance and not a test of ability. So take the essence of bachata, the sensuality and connection, and implement them in your dancing.

Cha Cha

Cha Cha, originally called Cha-Cha-Cha, is a Cuban music/dance derivative of the mambo. This musical style can be directly attributed to composer Enrique Jorrin for creating danzons with an emphasis on his cha-cha-cha syncopation. Jorrin himself has called the songs “creatively modified danzones” with the onomatopoeic mantle of Cha-Cha-Cha  stemming from the sound the dancers’ feet made during this step.

Cha cha can be a boring dance for many people not well versed in it but I have seen first hand what great salseros can do with this dance. While many salsa moves work with it, and there are plenty of Cha Cha specific moves, one goal for social cha cha is perfection of technique. With the addition of the chachacha syncopation you can easily add multiple spins, lots of shines, fancy footwork, hand styling, and Cuban Hip motion during the basic step. It helps then to utilize Cha Cha as a time to practice your technique but also your musicality. As you practice it more and more you can deviate from the restriction of doing the basic for a whole song. Play with the beat and accent polyrhythms as you dance. So put some cha cha on your iPod and ask the DJ to play some at the club and have fun. Losing yourself in the music can be a good thing if you do it right.


Samba is like a sister to Salsa but with many different faces; from party going exhibitionist to regal heiress of ballroom. It is lively and rhythmic and full of passion as well as steeped in history. While having a stake in the ballroom dance world, Samba is quite different in its homeland of Brazil. Throughout the politically tumultuous history of Brazil, Samba has been a unifying and glue-like factor, bringing individuals together regardless of social or ethnic group.

Samba’s roots originate, as with much music in the New World, with the arrival of slaves to South America. The rhythmic knowledge from Angola blended with the Portuguese and other Iberian melodic and harmonic instrumentation. While many similarities of the slave trade exist between North America and South America, the music styles differ greatly, largely due to Brazilian slave masters allowing the heritage of their African slaves to continue. In North America, this was largely stifled for fear of communication between slaves. 

Samba is great for working on individualizing your style. And at Carnival (Carnaval), which Samba No Pe is most known for, it’s all about style and being flashy. Much of the movements accentuate characteristics of masculinity and femininity. It’s not about the physical connection but more about emotional connection. Samba No Pe can often be a pursuit from afar where the male generally dances around the lady, whilst she accentuates her hips and shoulders enticingly. It is the basic theme of the chase that is inherent in many dances and other art forms. Samba de gafieira is a more intimate connection and the chase is largely replaced with leading and following. The natural rhythmic differences between samba and salsa also give rise to various styling options with the hips and footwork.

For a more in-depth and visual presentation of the latin dances, please visit our website, I Live Salsa.

What is Human Resource Management (HRM)? Which Megatrends determine future challenges in HRM? What are key fields of action in HRM?
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CAD or Computer aided Design techniques are widely used for various Mechanical Engineering applications such as Aerospace, Military, Medical, Metal and Manufacturing. There is no room for error in such industries and one has to make sure that the quality of materials and components are not compromised. The engineer should have adequate knowledge of material properties and structure, thermal and mechanical characteristics and potential points of deterioration to assist in design, development, Coordinate Material Measurement (CMM) techniques and production process.

CAD tools such as RapidForm, IGES/STEP, Autodesk Inventor and CATAIA among others are handful in calibration and evaluate measurement accuracy for machine tooling, torque wrenches and other assembly tools.  CMM inspection plays important role in evaluating performance of materials that go into power generation and analyzing components that fail or need repair at current site. If a component fails CMM inspector can launch an extensive investigation to find out the root cause and recommend solutions to stop such failures in future.

First Article Inspection is one of the most powerful processes for testing of vendor components and to examine pre-manufacturing sample before approving the order. For example AS9102 is the accepted Aerospace Standard for First Article Inspection approvals. The main objective of the First Article Inspection is to provide objective confirmation that all design and engineering requirements are met, validated and recorded for reference.

FAI is often referred to as a holistic, autonomous and documented physical and computerized assessment process to verify that the given component or part is produced in confirmation with design specifications, engineering drawings, desired accuracy and material properties.

CAD tools such as RapidForm, IGES/STEP, Autodesk Inventor and CATAIA among others are handful in calibration and evaluate measurement accuracy for machine tooling, torque wrenches and other assembly tools.  CMM inspection plays important role in evaluating performance of materials that go into power generation and analyzing components that fail or need repair at current site. If a component fails CMM inspector can launch an extensive investigation to find out the root cause and recommend solutions to stop such failures in future.

For any queries related to CAD services and CMM inspection solutions email us at

Richard Bothom is member of CAD Drafting team at COS – an established offshore firm offering wide range of Civil, Architectural, Structural and Mechanical design services at affordable rates. For more information visit

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An online tutorial that introduces scientific journal literature to university students
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The first reason to study economics is that it will help you understand the world in which you live. There are many questions about the economy that might spark your curiosity. Why are apartments so hard to find in New York City? Why do airlines charge less for a round-trip ticket if the traveler stays over a Saturday night? Why is Johnny Depp paid so much to star in movies? Why are living standards so meager in many African countries? Why do some countries have high rates of inflation while others have stable prices? Why are jobs easy to find in some years and hard to find in others? These are just a few of the questions that a course in economics will help you answer. The second reason to study economics is that it will make you a more astute participant in the economy. As you go about your life, you make many economic decisions. While you are a student, you decide how many years to stay in school. Once you take a job, you decide how much of your income to spend, how much to save, and how to invest your savings. Someday you may find yourself running a small business or a large corporation, and you will decide what prices to charge for your products. The insights developed in the coming chapters will give you a new perspective on how best to make these decisions. Studying economics will not by itself make you rich, but it will give you some tools that may help in that endeavor.

Economics is the study of how society manages its scarce resources. In most societies, resources are allocated not by an all-powerful dictator but through the combined actions of millions of households and firms. Economists therefore study how people make decisions: how much they work, what they buy, how much they save, and how they invest their savings. Economists also study how people interact with one another. For instance, they examine how the multitude of buyers and sellers of a good together determine the price at which the good is sold and the quantity that is sold. Finally, economists analyze forces and trends that affect the economy as a whole, including the growth in average income, the fraction of the population that cannot find work, and the rate at which prices are rising.

The study of economics has many facets, but it is unified by several central ideas. Because the behavior of an economy reflects the behavior of the individuals who make up the economy, we begin our study of economics with following principles of individual decision making.

People Face Trade-offs
The Cost of Something Is What You Give Up to Get It
Rational People Think at the Margin
People Respond to Incentives
Trade Can Make Everyone Better Off
Markets Are Usually a Good Way to Organize Economic Activity
Governments Can Sometimes Improve Market Outcomes
A Country’s Standard of Living Depends on Its Ability to Produce Goods and Services
Prices Rise When the Government Prints Too Much Money
Society Faces a Short-Run Trade-off between Inflation and Unemployment.

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