Posts Tagged ‘Labor’

First, newly-arrived immigrants typically have limited linguistic capabilities. An immigrant usually comes from a country whose native language is different from that of the country that he or she has emigrated to. Because of this, laws that aim to protect them, even if they were explained in plain words, may still be impossible for immigrants to understand.

With the complexity of some governmental regulatory systems in many countries, this exposes a lot of newly arrived immigrants to a lot of potential exploiters. It is not uncommon for them to be given wages that are below par, or work conditions that the rest of population will find utterly repulsive. This is very common among Chinese and Vietnamese immigrants in America who went there on their own.

Second, many immigrants enter a country illegally, thus curtailing the host government’s ability to extend its protection to them. These immigrants do not even attempt to defend their universal rights for fear of deportation. This is very common among illegal Mexican immigrants that pass through the US-Mexico border.

To make matters worse, many individuals capitalize on this fear. They hire these illegal immigrants to work in sweatshops and other places where labor laws are blatantly violated by employers themselves. Coupled with the first issue, many illegal immigrants live and die in the same sorry state because they have no means to learn about how to get out of their situation.

Lastly, it is not unusual for immigrants to enter a country with no feasible means of going back to where they came from. After all, people usually leave their homeland in search of economic opportunities. In short, they are living on their last few cents and the last thing that they want is to be fired.

Sadly, it not uncommon for an immigrant to find working conditions which are substandard compared to the rest of the population, and yet still surpass their working conditions in their home country. For example, some developing countries have wage rates that are less than a fourth of some developing countries, so that an immigrant will even be happy if they are given just half of what they should get.

When she is not writing, Sammi enjoys growing her own vegetables. She uses greenhouse kits and frost protection covers to make them last longer!

Finding the perfect job in Dubai can offer its own set of unique challenges. The UAE has not been immune to the global economic crisis and competition for available jobs is stiff. In addition, labor laws in the UAE can be confusing and seem to be in a constant flux. By educating themselves on the basics of UAE labor law, employees can avoid many common pitfalls that may arise during their time working in Dubai.

Rights that job seekers take for granted in their home country may not necessarily apply in Dubai. For example, there are no anti-discrimination laws in effect and employers can request anything from a certain nationality or age group to a certain appearance. There is also no minimum wage. An employee’s nationality is often a determining factor in the amount of pay offered, with Europeans and Arabs on the higher end of the scale and Asians on the lower end. Because changing jobs in Dubai is not a straightforward process, it is a common (although illegal) practice for some employers to hold employee passports as security against absconding.

An expatriate’s right to live and work in the UAE is tied to their sponsor, in this case the employer. Once a job seeker is hired, an employment contract will be signed. The contract is either fixed term or unlimited term. A fixed term contract means that there is a specified start date and end date. The contract cannot exceed three years, but can be renewed. Unlimited term contracts list a start date but are open-ended. They may be terminated by mutual consent or by either party giving 30 days notice. A new employee may undergo a probationary period of not more than six months. During this time the employee can be dismissed without reason or notice and he or she will not be entitled to any end of service benefits. Contracts may also include a competitive clause which states an employee cannot work for a competitor for up to two years.

Once a contract is signed the employee is legally bound to fulfill it. While laws regarding sponsorship have eased, allowing employees some movement between jobs if certain conditions are fulfilled, it still can be a challenging process. In most cases, in order to transfer to a new job the employee must complete one full year of service at their current position and obtain an NOC (No Objection Certificate) from their current employer. The NOC states that the employer releases the employee from any contractual obligations. If an employee’s work permit is cancelled without the NOC, a six month ban will be issued against the employee.

This means that while they can reenter the UAE on a visit visa during the ban, they will not be issued a new work permit for six months. There are certain categories of workers who are exempt from these rules, including employees of government departments and Free Zone areas (such as Dubai Media City, Knowledge Village, and Internet City). Free Zone workers are not under an individual company’s sponsorship, but under the sponsorship of the entire Free Zone area itself. As such, they can transfer to a new job within the same Free Zone without an NOC. Employees sponsored by their spouses also have greater freedom of movement between jobs.

While Dubai offers an exciting, multi-cultural work environment coupled with tax free income, employees do need to be aware of how job regulations can affect them. The government of Dubai is currently reviewing labor laws, particularly the six month ban rule, in light of the current global economy. Changes giving workers more rights and greater flexibility to move from one job to another may be on the horizon.

Ahmed Juma is a local UAE businessman and the owner of Emirates-Ads, a free UAE classifieds site with extensive listings of jobs in Dubai.

Every scientist and researcher has their own approach when it comes to inducing labor. Over the last years, more and more women have gone towards natural ways to induce labor. Not only has these methods proven to be more effective than those carried out by complex drugs and medication, these natural ways have also been regarded as the safest way to give birth to a child.

When a woman goes through the process pregnancy and becomes overdue from the expected date of labor, a medical doctor often suggests chemical induction so as to make childbirth easier. Nowadays, this is no longer the most viable option available to pregnant women. Through different natural ways to induce labor, families can be assured that new babies will be welcomed into this world without having to go through scientifically harmful procedures. Here are some of the most popular ways to induce labor naturally:

Meditation
There are a number of classes that support the art of meditation when it comes to naturally inducing labor. This act sets the mother’s mind into total concentration about the process of giving birth, eventually making the body prepared for the actual labor. Meditation can be done as early as the start of pregnancy so as to train the body to properly respond to the commands of the human brain and eventually make the childbirth less stressful for the mother. The natural process involving meditation has also proven to improve the breathing patterns of women, thereby making them stronger towards the feeling of pain.

Acupressure
This is one of the most widely used natural ways to induce labor. By going through the process of acupressure, the woman is able to also prepare her entire body to go through labor. Acupressure is also known to be the safest way to assist in giving birth to a child. This can be done by simply putting pressure in some bodily points so as to make the cervical contractions easier and more bearable for the mother. The father of the child can also participate in the unique method by being the one to massage the acupoints in the woman’s body. Acupressure is most recommendable to be done during the 41st week of childbearing so as to be able to locate the best acupoints.

For more information on how to induce labor naturally as well as tips and advice throughout your pregnancy visit Your Maternity Resource. Sign Up for our FREE Newsletter and receive tips and advice throughout your pregnancy.

There have been several research reports and even articles in the New York Times about how nonprofits inadvertently exploit labor. Some of these exploited folks are is volunteers, and some are very low-paid employees. Many people work for low wages or for free because they believe in the cause in which the particular nonprofit is doing. Still, there’s no excuse for exploiting employees or labor.

In some cases the “labor and employees” are asked to work extra long hours, and they are not always paid for these additional hours that they work, often they work without breaks or under illegal conditions as per the OSHA rules. Some homeless shelters pay homeless people to do odd jobs in order to give them a little extra money, but they do not pay them minimum wage, they are not covered under worker’s comp, and they are used in a way that a normal business would never be allowed to.

Many groups that help ex-cons readjust to public life after getting out of prison also exploit the labor. Nonprofit rehab centers are often also involved in these types of endeavors working the labor extra hours without payment. Sometimes, these nonprofit groups split the money with a businesses, and provide labor to them, using the money to offset the budget costs of their non-profit organization.

The business realizes that these people will be good employees and they cannot quit or they might risk their current situation of either having a bed at a homeless shelter, or risk going back to prison for not having a job.

Prior to retirement, I was in a carwash industry and I noted some of our competitors had hired prison parolees and they severely exploited this labor to make excessive profits without having to pay any of the normal costs associated with employees. At first, I thought it was a good idea that they were giving jobs to people they could not get jobs in the normal workforce, but as I learned more about how they went about their business, I was shocked that everyone would turn a blind eye to the obvious exploitation.

This is something that nonprofit groups have been known for, although it is not talked about much. Quite frankly it should be if we are to walk the talk is a nation when it comes to our national work force. Please consider all this.

Lance Winslow – Lance Winslow’s Bio. Lance Winslow is also Founder of the Car Wash Guys, a cool little Franchise Company; http://www.carwashguys.com/history/founder.html/.

7 Things You Own That May Have Been Produced By Child Labor

Do you know where your products come from?

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SOURCES
http://mic.com/articles/127743/your-halloween-candy-probably-comes-from-child-slave-labor#.V2uCKKskL
http://www.childlaborcocoa.org/images/Payson_Reports/Tulane%20University%20-%20Survey%20Research%20on%20Child%20Labor%20in%20the%20Cocoa%20Sector%20-%2030%20July%202015.pdf
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-35311456
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2016/01/Child-labour-behind-smart-phone-and-electric-car-batteries/
http://www.businessinsider.com/how-nike-solved-its-sweatshop-problem-2013-5
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2001/may/20/burhanwazir.theobserver
http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702303873604579493502231397942?mg=id-wsj
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/28/truth-behind-makeup-production-mica_n_5227423.html
https://madeinafreeworld.com/about_us
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2015/06/04/zara-owner-second-richest-man/28466985/
http://www.forbes.com/sites/andersonantunes/2011/08/17/zara-accused-of-alleged-slave-labor-in-brazil/#47baf6114f4b
http://www.dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-labor/list-of-goods/

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Selected Articles on Child Labor (Classic Reprint) 2015 by E 80n54y-2016
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The Honest Labor Standards Act (FLSA) was drafted in 1938 following the Industrial Revolution, a period of your time when workers were notoriously mistreated and underpaid. Bored with being exploited by big businesses, workers united and shaped labor unions to rally for their rights. As a result of of their diligence, there are many laws nowadays which serve to guard the rights and ensure the security of Yank workers.

One space that the FLSA mandates is the employment of young laborers. Previously, there was no age limit for operating, and oftentimes young boys and girls would be forced to toil day and night to form a wage and facilitate support their impoverished families.

Age Limits

The FLSA requires youngsters to be of a sure age before they’ll be gainfully employed. The age needs vary depending on the circumstances surrounding their employment.

To work a non-hazardous job in the agricultural sector, a worker to be a minimum of 14 years old. Exceptions to the present law embrace:

o When a kid of twelve or 13 is operating on a farm alongside their oldsters, or with their folks’ permission

o A child below the age of 12 that is operating on their parents’ farm, or on a little farm with their folks’ permission

o A 10 or 11 year previous may only work for a complete of 8 weeks in a very year as a hand-harvest laborer

To work a non-hazardous job in all alternative sectors of the workforce, the minimum age is 16, with the subsequent exceptions:

o Kid entertainers and actors

o Youngsters partaking in newspaper delivery

o Kids working on the construction of evergreen wreaths from their home

o Children aged 14 or 15 who are operating a specified job that doesn’t interfere with their school, health, or well-being. They can’t work within the manufacturing or mining industries.

The FLSA has totally different legislation for occupations that they believe to be notably hazardous for children. Hazardous jobs are qualified as jobs that necessarily entail a certain level of risk. This can be not a comprehensive list of all hazardous occupations, however samples of such jobs embody:

o Mining

o Logging

o Operating power tools

o Wrecking and demolition

o Roofing operations

o Excavations

o Handling radioactive materials

In order to work at a notably hazardous job, you want to be at least eighteen years of age, unless it’s a hazardous occupation within the agricultural sector, for that you want to be 16. Such jobs include:

o Operating a tractor

o Operating or helping with machinery

o Operating on scaffolding over 20 ft high

o Handling toxic agricultural chemicals

Kimberly Gray has been writing articles online for nearly 2 years now. Not only does this author specialize in Labor Law ,you can also check out her latest website about: Oral B Toothbrushes Which reviews and lists the best Oral B Hummingbird