Posts Tagged ‘Nobel’

Many people used to hear this set-phrase at least once in their life time. No one really wondered much about the meaning of it saying it constantly in everyday life and repeating it after reporters on TV and using this phrase as one of their own. A Noble prize though is a subject matter of many scientists who strive for making a great achievement. Taking into account all the facts surrounding a Nobel Prize and the ceremony of granting it one has to keep in mind the following: 1. The ceremony of bestowing the Nobel Prize to various scientists and the organization itself first appeared in the year of 1897 after the death of Alfred Nobel the founder of the organization. It has been approved officially after the second attempt having Alfred’s name upon it as the founder of the organization. Many physicians, mathematicians and other science relating workers give credits to Alfred Nobel though many years passed after his death. 2. Over 186 million U.S. dollars were invested in the project. Most of the sum was collected by Alfred Nobel himself. Not exactly rich and noble in his own way he managed to have collected the sum needed to support the organization in his life time. Trying to level up with Sweden being a neighboring country that spends up to 4 percent of its annual GDP for scientific purposes Norway unfortunately fails to do it still. 3. Nobel Prize also includes in itself Nobel Peace Prize in politics. These awards are generally given to politicians who have managed to settle conflicts and save millions of people from deaths and war causing disagreements. To some politicians it is a life-time honor and purpose of their whole life. Ceremonies generally include a dinner, an announcement, medals’ presenting and congratulating those who have won them.

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The 2016 Nobel Prizes: Chemistry and Physics!

This Nobel Prize season, dive into the world of the super small for physics and chemistry. It’s where the nanocars roam and phase transitions get really weird.

Learn more about this year’s nobel prizes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_takaZB1-vg

Learn more about semiconductors: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kdy3RsZk7As

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Sources:
Chemistry
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2016/popular-chemistryprize2016.pdf

http://www.vox.com/2016/10/5/13171850/2016-nobel-prize-chemistry
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4515087/

Physics
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2016/popular-physicsprize2016.pdf
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2016/advanced-physicsprize2016.pdf
http://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2016/10/4/13155916/2016-nobel-prize-physics
An Oxford University professor explains this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics in terms a high-school student would understand
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/physics-edge

Image Sources:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Papain_enzyme.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phase-diag2.svg
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The 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry goes to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir Fraser Stoddart, and Ben Feringa. Read all about it: http://cen.acs.org/articles/94/web/2016/10/Molecular-machines-garner-2016-Nobel-Prize-in-Chemistry.html
↓↓More links and references below↓↓

In this episode of Speaking of Chemistry, we look at how three molecular machinists earned this year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Apologies to our international posse: All times referenced in this video are based on us being in the Eastern Time Zone.

For more information on the prize check out:
1.)C&EN’s coverage: http://cen.acs.org/articles/94/web/2016/10/Molecular-machines-garner-2016-Nobel-Prize-in-Chemistry.html

2.)Nobelprize.org’s announcement: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2016/press.html

Videos of the 4-wheeled molecule were used with permission from Macmillan Publishers Ltd.
Kudernac, T. et al. 2011, Nature 479, 208–211 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature10587

Want even more molecular-mechanical goodness? You are in luck, my friend. Here are some more great references.

Rethinking Molecular Machines | C&EN
http://cen.acs.org/articles/90/i14/Rethinking-Molecular-Machines.html

Nanomachinery Gets A Lift | C&EN
http://cen.acs.org/articles/82/i12/NANOMACHINERY-LIFT.html

Nanocar Research Rolling Along | C&EN
http://2015.cenmag.org/nanocar-research-kept-rolling-along-html/#.V_UovvkrJQJ

A Nanocar With Four-Wheel Drive | C&EN
http://cen.acs.org/articles/89/web/2011/11/Nanocar-Four-Wheel-Drive.html

Molecular Pump Mimics Natural Carrier Proteins | C&EN
http://cen.acs.org/articles/82/i12/NANOMACHINERY-LIFT.html

Transition Metal-Containing Rotaxanes and Catenanes in Motion | Accounts of Chemical Research
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/ar960263r

A molecular shuttle | JACS
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja00013a096

Light-driven monodirectional molecular rotor | Nature
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v401/n6749/abs/401152a0.html

A [3]Rotaxane with Two Porphyrinic Plates Acting as an Adaptable Receptor | JACS
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja7110493

A Three-Compartment Chemically-Driven Molecular Information Ratchet | JACS
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja302711z

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Food fraud often boils down to politics or semantics. Something labeled parmesan cheese may not come from Parma, for instance. But sometimes food producers try to feed us cheap fillers and other lies. In this episode of Speaking of Chemistry, Sophia Cai explains how scientists, regulators, and food makers are relying on chemistry to make sure consumers get what they pay for.

Want to learn even more about fighting food fraud? Check out these great resources.

Parmesan test can detect cheesy imposters | C&EN
http://cen.acs.org/articles/94/web/2016/05/Parmesan-test-detect-cheesy-imposters.html

Autheticating Food | C&EN
http://cen.acs.org/articles/87/i5/Authenticating-Food.html

Food Safety Gambit | C&EN
http://cen.acs.org/articles/88/i19/Food-Safety-Gambit.html

The Parmesan Cheese You Sprinkle on Your Penne Could Be Wood |Bloomberg
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-02-16/the-parmesan-cheese-you-sprinkle-on-your-penne-could-be-wood

Guilty pleas filed in federal criminal fake cheese cases | Food Safety News
http://www.foodsafetynews.com/2016/02/guilty-pleas-filed-in-federal-criminal-fake-cheese-cases/#.V4ap-OsrJpg

FDA warning letter to Castle Cheese, Inc. | FDA
http://www.fda.gov/ICECI/EnforcementActions/WarningLetters/2013/ucm363201.htm

The EU tries to grab all the cheese | Politico
http://www.politico.com/agenda/story/2016/06/european-union-trade-cheese-geographical-indicators-000141

Parmesan and Gouda May Shred a New US Trade Agreement With Europe | Vice News
https://news.vice.com/article/us-trade-agreement-with-europe-may-get-torpedoed-by-cheese-names-privacy-rules

Testing for Food Contamination | Biocompare
http://www.biocompare.com/Editorial-Articles/170251-Testing-for-Food-Contamination/

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