Posts Tagged ‘Policy’

The legendary Indian spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) once said: “The earth has enough for the needs of all but not the greed of a few.” His words have since proved to be quite prophetic!

The world today is in chaos and by that I’m not merely referring to the tumult taking place in the Middle East; what I’m talking about is the imminent extinction of hundreds of millions of people as a result of global warming. In both scenarios the United States plays a central role!

I have already pretty much detailed out how and why global warming is happening and which nations are most responsible for its acceleration, as well as who’s doing what and who is not to rectify the situation in my article entitled: Global Warming–How It Could Spark World War III.

That said, I’ve included a list of figures below to illustrate to what extent each nation/region is responsible for greenhouse gas pollution in the atmosphere (greenhouse gases are widely held to be the engine behind the accelerated global warming seen today):

USA: 30.3%

Europe: 27.7%

Russia: 13.7%

South East Asia: 12.2%

South/Central America: 3.8%

Japan: 3.7%

Middle East: 2.6%

Africa: 2.5%

Australia: 1.1%

The Truth Behind The Lie

To many in marketing circles the concept of manipulation of social evidence is nothing new. Basically what it entails is manipulating tools of evidence to further one’s goals.

Thus for example, until fairly recently in internet marketing circles, the practice of manufacturing bogus testimonials was fairly widespread. The objective being to convince visitors to one’s website to purchase products on the strength of those manufactured testimonials.

In the arena of global warming much the same has been happening. In the same manner that a defense counsel in a court case will produce its own expert witness to discredit that of the prosecution (or vice versa) so has the Bush II administration paraded a string of bogus experts to decry global warming as just a myth!

In 2007 a good number of environmental scientists and climatologists publicly stated that they’d been pressurized by various Bush II factions to manipulate data to downplay the seriousness of global warming!

Which simply begs the question: why is the Bush II administration going to such lengths to hide the truth about global warming?

Snatch ‘n’ Grab Operation Gone Awry

It is now widely accepted that the invasion of Iraq had little to do with terrorism, less to do with democracy but everything to do with oil! The question still remains however, why did the US go to such lengths (which included manufacturing evidence) to illegally invade a sovereign state under what at best can be described as a thinly disguised pretext for war?

Was it merely a question of the then single remaining superpower claiming its right to wield that might as it saw fit irrespective of international law, just as Nazi Germany once did?

Or was it a case of a few vain men hoping to claim their slice of immortality through a legacy festooned with the glory of having secured new oil reserves for a nation with a quenchless thirst for the stuff?

Or perhaps the U.S. oil reserves were so desperately low that Bush II and his New World Order buddies were prepared to force a snatch and grab operation that could easily have escalated into third world war, so as to shore up those dwindled oil reserves?

Or maybe, just maybe, the U.S. desperately needed to stockpile a vast amount of oil for something far, far more sinister.

To keep at bay a monster it helped so much to create!

Threads Weaving A Disturbing Tapestry Of Events

These days more often than not fact is stranger than fiction. When we look at the Bush II Administration’s policy on global warming it is beyond perplexing why they have gone to such lengths to deny its existence.

For sure, his Have-More buddies in oil and other environmental-damaging industries have plenty to gain by muddying the waters, but what if there’s really more to this repudiation of global warming than that!

What if this is a carefully concocted plot that has been kept under wraps for years?

Here’s what we know thus far about global warming. The data has been around for well over a decade and has been readily available to government officials. Since the turn of the 21st century scientists across the globe have been warning of the extent of global warming; warnings that apparently fell on deaf ears! (Well at least as far as the Bush II administration was concerned.)

But supposing this was not actually the case.

What if the Bush II administration did listen, but only to those scientists who’d concluded that the world had reached the point of no return? And that global warming could not be reversed anytime in the foreseeable future and thus by proxy neither could its ensuing effects!

Fuelling Up For A Global Catastrophe

In other words there was no point implementing measures to curb greenhouse gas emissions (thereby slowing down global warming) and that in fact the best policy was to forge powerfully ahead and ensure that America was readied for the ensuing catastrophe no matter the cost!

If it meant manufacturing a war, so be it! If it meant causing the deaths of hundreds of millions of people to achieve that aim, so be it! After all this wouldn’t be the first time in history that the few had been sacrificed for the many! Oh! Except in this case it is the many sacrificing for the few, or more specifically, The Have-Mores!

When looked at from this perspective, that the U.S. is fuelling up for a long term global catastrophe, it all begins to make some sense! Especially considering that Saudi Arabia still has the greatest oil reserves in the world and has never said no to U.S. oil demands!

Bottom line, it is quite conceivable that the U.S. under Bush II has been insuring against (or at least trying to) a global catastrophe predominantly of its own making! But alas even the best laid plans go badly awry. Iraq didn’t turn out to be the pushover they’d expected and the oil is not gushing the way they had envisioned.

Think that such a scenario is way over the top? Think again! Remember Iraq? Remember Hurricane Katrina?

The way the Bush II government handled Katrina was so shameful that Google for some reason best known to it was compelled to replace post-Hurricane Katrina satellite imagery with pre-hurricane images on its map portal (Damage control? Trying to hide America’s shame from the rest of the world? At whose behest one wonders?).

As you can well imagine, when it came to light, the whole sordid affair was an extreme embarrassment to Google (And certainly not good for business! The search engine business thrives on the premise that results are accurate and impartial and not manipulated!).

But the point I wish to emphasize here is that if the Bush II government could shun its very own citizens (albeit mainly citizens of color) in such a cavalier fashion why would they give a damn if their actions resulted in the deaths of hundreds of millions of Africans or peoples from other parts of the globe who are going to be worst hit by global warming?

In World War II the Nazi’s genocide weapon-of-choice was hydrogen cyanide gas, what irony that in the upcoming global warming related genocide, gas too is the weapon of choice; carbon dioxide gas!

Stop Global Warming

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Elected officials should coordinate with monetary in economics and political science, fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection (mainly taxes) expenditure (spending) to influence economy nov 28, 2012 spending definition government’s way monitoring affecting by adjusting limits tax rates. Fiscal policy definition from financial times lexiconfiscal meaning its main objectives in india conclusion. Fiscal policywhat is austerity? The economist. What is fiscal policy? Definition policy, college economics topics. Article on what is fiscal policy? Finpipe. A government’s policy regarding taxation and public spending. Here you can find a brief description of how such definition is used fiscal policy. Governments what did they mean by fiscal expansion? And, more policy refers to a government’s spending and taxation policies intended maintain economic stability, which is indicated levels of unemployment, definition at dictionary, free online with pronunciation, synonyms translationfiscal means the use public expenditure government for stabilisation or growth. It is the sister strategy to monetary policy through which a central bank influences nation’s money supply government spending policies that influence macroeconomic conditions. Fiscal policy? Investopedia. Vox, cepr’s policy portal. Asp url? Q webcache. Through fiscal policy, regulators attempt to improve unemployment rates, control jun 30, 2017 definition policy is the government spending and taxation that influences economy. Fiscal policy meaning, objectives and other information. Fiscal policy definition & example define fiscal at dictionary. Fiscal policy involves the government changing levels of taxation and spending in order to influence fiscal is use economy. What does it mean to be a ‘keynesian’? This column argues that, like so much is fiscal policy? Investopediafiscal policy definition, types, objectives,tools the balancefiscal definition what businessnewsdaily. Like monetary policy, it can be loose (with the emphasis on increased fiscal policy is also a means by which redistribution of income & wealth achieved for example changing tax rates different levels or mar 6, 2011 meaning its main objectives in india conclusion, article posted gaurav akrani kalyan city life blog may 20, 2015 policywhat austerity? The automatic stabilisers economy mean that deficit rises and falls as contracts what does ‘keynesian’ mean? Jonathan portes 07 february 2012. Apr 18, 2017 fiscal policy is the means by which a government adjusts its spending levels and tax rates to monitor influence nation’s economy. When the government decides on definition of fiscal policy government’s revenue (taxation) and spending designed to (1) counter economic cycles in order achieve lower jul 10, 2017. According to culbarston, by fiscal policy we refer a definition is an important aspect of government spending. What does ‘keynesian’ really mean? . What is fiscal policy? Investopedia investopedia articles 04 051904
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THE HINDU EDITORIAL DISCUSSION - ENGLISH ANTI IMMIGRATION POLICY & HUMAN ERA - 22th Feb

The Hindu Editorial Analysis of today (IMPORTANT FOR SBI PO & SYNDICATE BANK) aims at a review of all the Editorial Articles published today along with in depth analysis of ENGLISH ANTI IMMIGRATION POLICY & HUMAN ERA You’ll get a vocabulary booster and a Comprehension practice too. It is important part of SBI PO, SSC CGL, SBI PO VACANCY, LIC, CLERK, SBI PO 2017, RAILWAYS, SBI BANK etc

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The Environment Minister, Jairam Ramesh is firm on the statement that he made on the SUVs that are fleeing the roads of India these days. The honorable minister reportedly said that the SUVs are a disaster and that the diesel model of the SUVs increased popularity is an apt attempt from Indians by taping the American ways of traveling. He said that the attempt will prove to be a disaster. He views that the subsidy given for diesel is being used by the users who do not require any help. As for Mr. Ramesh, with so much concern, he says that if Indians do the same as the Chinese did- choosing the US ways of commuting, then it will result in the adversity for Indians. He also added that copying a model will greatly affect the country in a great way. He said that it will harm the country in a major way especially in the environmental concerns and in other ways as well. He says that he is aware of going popularity of the SUVs as it is catching up in India but as with him the trend is being set by the wealthy people. The Environmental Minister said that his opinion is expected to hurt most of the populace’s sentiments. He still considers that the use of the vehicle will be harmful for the environment. Now that he is in the planning his next moves to the concern regarding additional subsidy. The actual purpose is still not solved but the subsidy is being utilized, as he said, by people who do not need it. To make things clear, he is not fighting for restrictions on anyone’s right to own any vehicle. He also added that the criteria here that he wanted is for the government to allot the subsidies to diesel Cars used for social welfare as it does not prove to be what its expected purpose is. To emphasize the point, he says that the government could impose stricter policies for the use of the diesel vehicles which could help reduce the consumption of SUVs in India. He also said that he is happy that there are more Indian cars coming in that are using alternative energy such as electricity.

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In the second edition of the Public Policy section of the Manitoba Law Journal, nine articles cover a broad range of public policy issues facing the province of Manitoba. Topics include infrastructure policy, poverty policy, balanced budget legislation, justice policy and labour market policy. At the launch we heard from some of the authors on recent developments in their policy areas and to learn more about the public policy landscape in the province. In this video, Dr. Karine Levasseur (Editor of the Public Policy Section of the Manitoba Law Journal: Underneath the Golden Boy & Associate Professor in Political Studies at the University of Manitoba) discusses the creation of the journal and her article, Continued Instability in Manitoba: Deficits, Taxes, Elections, and Resetting Government.

By bringing together government, practitioners, scholars and members of the community, the Manitoba Institute for Policy Research will further debates and discussion on matters of policy development, administration, and analysis both in Manitoba and across the country.

Currently we are working with the Government of Manitoba, the Federal Government, the United Way of Winnipeg, and other voluntary sector agencies on developing and implementing new outreach, training, and research opportunities.

Understanding Public Policy — A Primer (Daniel T. Griswold)

http://www.cato.org/store/books/mad-about-trade-why-main-street-america-should-embrace-globalization-hardback
http://www.cato.org/cato-university/archives/summer12/schedule.html

Daniel Griswold is the former director of the Herbert A. Stiefel Center for Trade Policy Studies at the Cato Institute in Washington, D.C, and the author of the new Cato book, Mad about Trade: Why Main Street America Should Embrace Globalization. Since joining Cato in 1997, Mr. Griswold has authored major studies on globalization, trade, and immigration. He’s written articles for major newspapers, appeared on CNBC, C-SPAN, CNN, PBS, and Fox News, and testified before House and Senate committees. Earlier in his career, Mr. Griswold was editorial page editor of a daily newspaper, the Colorado Springs Gazette, and a congressional press secretary. He holds a bachelor’s degree in journalism from the University of Wisconsin at Madison and a diploma in economics and a master’s degree in the Politics of the World Economy from the London School of Economics. Since 2012 Griswold has been president of the National Association of Foreign Trade Zones.

The government in each country has certain roles to play towards macro economic development and in this direction the government is responsible in formulating various planning strategies.

The planning by any government involves the below mentioned four stages:
The fixation of the objectives or targets;

An identification of qualitative and quantitative instruments;

The determination of the quantitative values of the chosen instrument which are a function of the targets and constraints and

The formulation of the connection between the constraint set and the relationship that exists between the targets and instruments.

In order to have the plans implemented strictly the governments are formulating various yearly plans and various kinds of instruments are used by the government towards ensuring that the targets specified in the plans are achieved without fail.
The instruments used by the government can be considered in agriculture, industries and foreign trade.

Even though the objectives of planned and unplanned economy are found to differ from one another, the role of the instruments becomes two fold and in a planned economy, they will be used for the purpose of changing the private profitability to coincide with social profitability. Moreover, the development path can be shortened in a planned economy by adopting appropriate policy instruments.

Agriculture:
While in certain countries in respect of agriculture, the private sector dominates agriculture; in other countries, the participation by public sector is found to be more. However, the planned targets of the government with respect of agriculture are sought in order to meet through the use of price and non price instruments. The main constraints operating within agriculture can be termed as institutional, economic and technological.

The main institutional constraints are inequitable distribution of owned land, tenancy and problems of access to market and non market inputs, services and outputs. Tenancy leads to inefficiencies in production and the skewed distribution of land is responsible in resulting in larger farmers dominating agrarian institutions like credit, marketing and input supply channels. In this process, they perpetuate their dominance through what is currently called as the interlocking of markets. The major instruments which are used for reducing inequality in the distribution of owned land have been land reforms with ceilings being put on land owned.

The inefficiencies associated with tenancy are tackled through a shift from crop sharing to fixed rent and/or crop plus cost sharing, abolition of intermediaries, protection against tenancy eviction and controls on the level of rents. The access related problems are alleviated through land reforms and many target group specific programs formulated by the government.

The technological constraint is mainly caused by a lack of adaptive research in biological, chemical and mechanical innovations which are critical in achieving high growth rates in agriculture. This results in a high risk element in introducing new technology in agriculture. Public investment in research, dissemination of new knowledge and training and visits are used in order to relax this constraint.

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Public policy towards monopoly is a subject of discussion that has evolved such that it is now considered to be a highly significant position in the areas that public policy addresses. It is considered to be an imperative dimension of the public policy because of the fact that it is of concern to a multitude of market leaders and giants when their dominance over the market and their role in the market is considered. This paper shall seek to present a discussion on the numerous intricacies of public policy towards monopoly. However, it is essential to develop a sound knowledge of public policy and monopoly individually before they can be analyzed for the numerous cause and effect relationships. This approach shall be followed in an attempt to ensure that the central discussion does not need to present introductory elaborations on concepts at the time of their use but can make use of the elaborations presented in the earlier paragraphs of the paper. By doing so, the paper shall attempt to establish the significant of public policy towards monopoly.

Monopoly

In the days preceding the early 1980s, AT&T held a solid monopoly over American telephone communication. So strong was the monopoly that it was considered nothing less than natural for every phone service to belong to AT&T. The company came to be known as Ma Bell as an expression of its dominance over the country’s telephone based communication services (Flat World Knowledge, 2009). This was because of the fact that not only was the company dominant with regard to local communication but also in the areas of long distance and provincial telephone communication. It was the Justice Department that began to work to break this monopoly around the mid 1980s and this eventually led to the complete annihilation of the AT&T monopoly.

As a result of the breaking up of AT&T’s monopolistic hold, AT&T lost its dominance over local telephone communication and remained prevailing in only long range telephone communication services. However, it lost its reign over long range communication services as well when technology began to compel AT&T users to opt for cheaper and more technologically viable and sophisticated options (Flat World Knowledge, 2009). Innovations such as the introduction of cable television and allowed for the development of regional markets with each market harboring its own competitive players.

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