Posts Tagged ‘Pollution’

Water Industry Network HC : In recent years, under the guidance of scientific concept of development, China’s water pollution prevention and control has been gradually strengthened, and in advancing the construction of key pollution control projects, more attention watershed pollution control management system and operational mechanism of the improved focus on administrative, economic, legal and the integrated use of engineering techniques and coordination. Beginning in 2007, the country began to pollution reduction, “double down” trend, focusing on water pollution prevention and control have made new progress, institutional mechanisms, the role of water pollution treatment in progressive highlights. As China’s industrialization and urbanization phase of rapid development, water pollution prevention goals and changing mode of economic development, construction, resource conservation and Environment Friendly society, there is considerable demand gap, especially in some long-standing institutional barriers and mechanisms and the issues that must be resolved to accelerate the establishment and the socialist market economic system to adapt to the water pollution control systems and mechanisms and tasks challenge of great significance.

1, the current institutional mechanisms for water pollution prevention and control of several major problems exist

Present, there are many water pollution control issues, policies and regulations are not perfect, insufficient capital investment, lack of public participation, technical support system is weak and so on, but the most fundamental problem is the management system is not fully rationalized , the operating mechanism is not enough coordination, especially in the following areas:

(A) The department coordinated the problem is not solved, the effective functioning of a unified comprehensive mechanism has been formed

Water pollution prevention and control is a typical multi-sectoral issues, the existing institutional framework for water pollution management, there Environmental protection , Water Resources, Development and Reform Commission, the construction of a number of departments involved, the main environmental protection departments. Multisectoral collaboration is not the source of the problem itself, the current problem is mainly the role of environmental protection is not given full play, department conflict, in particular environmental protection departments and water departments in the areas of lack of water pollution prevention is more effective collaboration has become water pollution control administration is facing one of the main system. Water and environmental conflicts in the watershed management departments have concentrated expression, involving planning, water quality monitoring, institutions, water allocation and total pollutant control, management and supervision of transboundary pollution, water pollution and other aspects of dispute mediation. In the river basin management, the obvious contradiction between the dual management system, such as the seven river basin management institutions are set up Water Resources Protection Bureau, Ministry of Water Resources and the State to accept nominal the dual leadership of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, Ministry of Water Resources sent a fact that the nature of institutions This restricts the basin agency’s role in water pollution control. From the part of the watershed management practices, the existing sectoral coordination difficult than regional coordination difficult. Huai River pollution control practice ten years shows that the two departments of environmental protection and water co-led leadership group name only, is the “Decade of the Huaihe River pollution control,” the important system ineffective one of the reasons.

(B) of the central and local powers and responsibilities of the pollution control division and the regulatory mechanisms are not perfect

In the central and local management on the relationship between water pollution control, management at different levels in China, namely, as a unit of administrative division, the regional environmental authorities bear the main responsibility for water pollution control, and superior environmental protection department of the local Environmental Protection Bureau Only the right guidance. As the local environmental protection departments of local government functions, causing it to easily become a tool for local interests, whether the data monitoring, pollution control, or approval of the construction project must be local, while the higher-level environmental protection departments of supervision can not exceed the local Government authority, such as state environmental authorities were ordered to close down the business but for the local government for asylum. SEPA’s monitoring of local environmental management there is no power to break local protectionism. GDP at current to the core of performance evaluation under the baton of economic development as local governments often give priority on the development and promulgation of the State Council’s environmental policy is difficult to put in place. The past two years, the State Environmental Protection Administration has increased the local regulatory efforts, have launched a “regional restrictions” and “river basins” and strong administrative punishment. But in the long term, need to establish trans-boundary river basin water quality control responsibility and total pollutant discharge accountability to the central place of the standard incentive clear, open, fair and local water pollution control is expected to provide a stable and long-term incentives.

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Air pollution is the emission of substances in the atmosphere that interferes with the amenities of live. Air pollution could also be defined as any process that alters the standard component of the atmosphere by quantity or quality.

Air pollutants may be classified as follows

* Aerosol is a term used to describe dusts of small particle size, smoke and some mists whose presence can be really revealed by its scattering of visible radiation. Aerosols cover a wide range of gaseous disperse systems consisting of particles of low vapor pressure which settle slowly under gravity.

* Smokes are formed by combustion, destructive distillation or volatilization

* Dusts are solid particles dispersed into the atmosphere as a result of mechanical disintegration of a body of matter.

* Mist consists of droplet as a result of condensation of vapor in the air. When there are many particles in the droplet, it is called fog. When there is droplet with particle and dust at the same time it is called haze and if there is fog as well as poisonous gases, it is referred as smog.

* Acid rain, this occurs when the rain water pH falls below 5. It is usually as a result of presence of CO2 in the rainwater. Gaseous emission is a very important aspect of air pollution especially the green house gases (CO2, CFC, and NO2) that it emits in the atmosphere.

The effect of air pollution could be categorized as follows.

Earth warm and climate change; this is as a result of green house gases in the atmosphere. When the solar radiation strikes the earth surface, some of these gases trap the heat of the sun and thereby giving rise in the increase of temperature of the environment. The effect of this rise in temperature is shifts in temperature and rainfall. Sea level will rise as a result of thermal expansion of the ocean. Some area will be subjected to drought. Another effect of these gases is the depletion of the ozone layer.

Air pollution affects the health of the body ranging from eye irritation to lung diseases.
Acid rain is one of the very dangerous effects of air pollution. Its environmental effects range from acidification of lakes and streams resulting in reduction of fish population. It could also lead to the damage of vegetation, structure and equipment.

The cause of air pollution are as follows; domestic and industrial activities, Transportation sector and thermal power stations.

Air pollution control achievement depends on a well knowledge of the source of the pollution.

Pollution in the transportation sector can be curbed by

*taxation aimed at penalizing inefficiency in fuel consumption.

* Developing more efficient fuel combustion systems.

* Installation of systems to monitor the exhaust of automobile.

* encouraging mass transit

Pollution by industries should be controlled as follows

*Polluting industries may be regulated to emit pollutant only on a favorable wind movement and direction.

*Erection of tall stacks which usually also have high velocities in them so that the pollutants are sent in the high part of the atmosphere, where they will be diluted and made harmless.

*Use of fossil fuel should be reduced and resorting to much more environmental friendly source of energy should be encouraged.

*Industries should use scrubber to trap most of the pollutant that they emit.

Developing countries should endeavor to have consistent power supply so as to discourage the use of domestic generators. However, the flexible strategy of controlling air pollution remains the use of taxes and price mechanism

Okwudili J. Onuchukwu
B.Engr Civil Engineering
Passion : Environmental and Engineering issues.
specialty: Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
email : johncoolk3@yahoo.com

STUDY: Air Pollution Kills... A Lot

Almost one in seven children worldwide live in areas with high levels of outdoor air pollution, mostly in South Asia, and their growing bodies are most vulnerable to damage, the U.N. children’s agency UNICEF said on Monday.

UNICEF called on almost 200 governments, which will meet in Morocco from Nov. 7-18 for talks on global warming, to restrict use of fossil fuels to give twin benefits of improved health and slower climate change…

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http://uk.reuters.com/article/us-climatechange-pollution-idUKKBN12V00J

http://www.newsweek.com/who-air-pollution-causes-7-million-deaths-each-year-459101

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Soaring air pollution brings out New Delhi residents to protest air quality as government orders schools to close and halts construction. Demonstrators say they are fighting for their “right to breathe.” (Nov. 6)

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In spite of your painstaking research, finding a location which is free from environmental pollution is quite impossible. We can say pollution on the earth is omnipresent and it is hard to escape from the effects of pollution unless you take precautionary measures to mitigate the effects of these pollutants. South Carolina is one among the states of US that is suffering greatly from the ill effects of pollution.

Environmental pollution is the major challenge on the table of the world. Our greed to technological advancement has sworn the pollution with many powers. It has now gained the control over earth, environment, and life of the inhabitants including humans. South Carolina also occupies place among the states that is majorly affected by the pollution.

Apart from the poultry, cattle breeding and tourism some industries also contribute to the economy of the state. The industrial sector of the state includes textile goods, chemical products, paper products, machinery, automobiles and automotive products.

The industries which are part of states economy is throwing a major challenge to the other sub sectors of the economy. Tourism industry and poultry cattle breeding are facing a great decline in the income generated in the state. The reason is only one; the toxic substance emitted from the industries is affecting the natural quality of the environment and is affecting the tourism industry in turn. Improper disposal of waste by these industries is causing a great change in the environmental balance and is affecting the food and contaminating the water in the state. The cattle and poultry industry being fed with the contaminated food is unable to yield the expected output

The irresponsible acts of residents of the state also contribute to the environmental pollution of the state in addition to the trash disposed by the industries. The residents of the state stand silent as spectators of the drastic environmental change that is taking place in the state and blame the industries as the reason, I agree that industrial waste generated in the state is the major contributor of the pollution in the state, but the trash generated by the projects handled by the individuals adds to it.

Careless deeds of residents and industries of the state are making the pollution rule the land. It is of no surprise if you soon happen to see the government of the state frames a law to enforce green living mandatory where you have to sacrifice your comfort zones. All your hard work to invent technologically advanced projects will go in wane. They will be soon out of your current life style. Though it sounds scary, it becomes inevitable for the government of the state to enforce the law to sustain the living atmosphere in the state if the same situation continues to persist.

The best way to escape all these horrifying situations is to find the ways to dispose the trash in effective manner. Disposing the trash in effective manner will reduce the effects of pollution on the environment making it sustainable for comfortable living. None other than dumpster rental company South Carolina will help in recycling the trash in environmental friendly manner. These dumpster rental companies will keep you away from all the trash disposal tasks and get your trash disposed in effectively at affordable cost. Dumpster rental companies of South Carolina are the best tools to face the challenges thrown by the environmental pollution in South Carolina. They even help you in maintaining sustainable environment is South Carolina there by supporting all the sectors of the economy to excel their growth.

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http://mocomi.com/ presents: What is Air Pollution?

Air pollution is the introduction of foreign products into the atmosphere that have detrimental effects on living organisms and cause damage to the environment.

Vehicles release chemicals in the form of exhaust fumes. These chemicals are very harmful to the environment. These gases also cause acid rain which is also very damaging to the Earth.

Many industries release a lot of fumes which are harmful for the environment.

Refrigerators and air conditioners release chemicals called chlorofluorocarbons which over time, lead to the formation of holes in the ozone layer. These holes let the ultraviolet rays of the sun reach the earth and thus cause various health problems for humans.

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Firstly we tend to have the problem of business processes that produce serious metals as a by-product. This can be then discarded of in lakes and rivers. Not solely can your drinking H2O thus be infected, but these metals also are deadly to fish and shellfish.

The entire food chain is thus affected.Industrial waste additionally typically contains alternative toxins that negatively affect all marine life in a very specific area. Some of these toxins can even cause bound species of marine animals to become unable to reproduce. Not solely can this cause harm to those who eat the animals involved, but when these chemicals finish up in a very city’s H20 provide the consequences will be disastrous.Untreated or partly treated sewage water will never end up in your drinking water, right? Wrong. In areas where there’s a scarcity of proper management over sewage H20, or where system leakages occur, the sewage water will simply end up in drinking H20, causing a selection of diseases.You have got little question heard of the concept of acid rain before, but you do understand how dangerous it can extremely be? The pH worth of H20 is changed by the sulfate particles in acid rain, making it more acidic. This in flip affects the entire eco-system of the realm in which it happens and contains a negative result on humans who consume such H20.As a personal you probably can’t do a lot of to combat environmental pollution.

Your only option is not to require part in any activities that can build the matter worse and to take steps to safeguard your family against the consequences of this sort of pollution.Fortunately we have a tendency to today get filters which will remove most if not all of the harmful residue left by H20 pollution. A filter uses either a chemical process or very fine sieves or each to remove impurities.Not solely do you get filters to purify your drinking water, you furthermore mght get filters for your shower, for the pool and even for H20 you use in the garden.

The most recent trend is lightweight, portable filters which hikers can use to own clean drinking water at all times, no matter where they are.You do not need to be a genius to guard yourself against the negative consequences of environmental pollution. With the right reasonably water filter you’ll try this while not any hassle.

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There are many things in our homes that can cause all kinds of reactions, illnesses and conditions in people. The concern about indoor air quality is increasing with every year that goes by, and unfortunately the air quality inside of our homes has often been reported as being worse than air outside. Indoor air pollution needs to be regulated and kept under control by property owners for the safety and well being of those who live in them.

VOCs are organic chemicals that evaporate into the air and cause respiratory distress, headaches and other irritating conditions. These chemicals are released by paints, varnish, new cabinets and carpets, and even furniture that contain particle board. Also, fuels, household cleaners and air fresheners, photocopier machines, improperly vented combustion devices and many other sources also contribute to the release of these indoor air pollution substances. You can find all kinds of alternatives for things that contain these dangerous substances in regular stores, and many times the products will advertise right on the label that there are no VOCs in them.

Formaldehyde is a common organic compound that results in many different indoor air pollution problems, and it is found in glues that are used in the manufacturing and assembly of wood veneers, particle board, wood furniture, plywood and other similar products. In addition, it is also found in some spray-on insulating foams as well. These products slowly give off formaldehyde over time, which can cause headaches, a burning feeling in the throat, it can irritate the eyes and mucous membranes, and cause difficulty breathing as well as triggering asthmatic symptoms.

Sewer gas is a little bit different than carbon monoxide because it tends to give off a horrendous odor- that of rotten egg or sulfur. You’ll find this pleasant gas in well water, sewer systems, and in areas where water and other organic compounds have a lack of oxygen. If people in your household are complaining of things like smelling foul odors, having a cough, and eye and throat irritation along with shortness of breath, you may have some problems under your sinks with drain pipes and some trapped water somewhere, causing sewer gas to back up from the sewer system into your home, contributing to some nasty indoor air pollution- and other than the fact that this causes a terribly foul smelling odor, it can really have negative and detrimental effects on the health and well being of the people who live in your home, causing things like respiratory problems (asthma and allergies), skin irritations, headaches and more.

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Two years ago, Jiangsu Province, the country launched the first regional pollution in Taihu Lake Basin pilot compensation. The past two years, its effect? China Environment Daily News reporter recently learned that, in the Taihu Lake basin into 15 major rivers, water quality is poor water rivers, the pilot has been dropped in front of 12 l of the present article only. Liang Baohua, secretary of Jiangsu Provincial

this pioneering work has made important instructions on Environmental protection , Finance, and irrigation, in deepening the compensation for pollution in Taihu Lake Basin area of work, we must ensure that “standards are not low, intensity not diminished.” Xu Ming, vice governor of Jiangsu Province, also in the province Environmental protection Work meeting the requirements to further improve the mechanism for compensation for pollution, improve the compensation policy of Taihu Lake region, and select the part of the key rivers in Huaihe River Basin pilot.

Pollutants compensation price codes To resolve the Taihu Lake Water Pollution And cross-border administrative section of the river exceeded the water quality problems, and better implementation of “the Government is responsible for environmental quality of the area,” the legal responsibility, in November 2007, Jiangsu provincial government executive meeting examined and adopted the “regional compensation in Jiangsu Province pilot program of environmental resources . “

Jiangsu Province Environmental Protection Bureau and the Provincial Water Conservancy Department, the Provincial Department of Finance and other departments to determine, first launched in the country compensation for pollution in Taihu Lake Basin regional pilot project. First select the Taihu Lake in Jiangsu Province Xu River West Lake, Li River Caohe Dan King, general economic River, the River (North River), South River, Wu Yi Canal, Chen Dong in Hong Kong seven major rivers, the establishment of seven administrative regions cross-border market section, beginning the first phase of regional pollution compensation pilot projects.

Then, drawing on the basis of pilot work, Jiangsu Environmental Protection Bureau, Provincial Department of Finance, Department of Water Resources have jointly launched the “Environmental Resource Taihu Lake in Jiangsu Province compensation program (Trial)”, determined to further expand the pilot section Taihu main inflow rivers, Sunan Canal, Wangyu “diversion channel” along the provincial boundary rivers such as the junction of the 30 inter-municipal administrative section, the basic realization of the main water body in Taihu Lake Basin “Full coverage.”

2009 1 1, the region the second phase of the compensation for pollution in the Taihu Lake Basin pilot project has kicked off, pollution compensation related to the Taihu Lake Basin area of Nanjing, Wuxi, Changzhou, Suzhou, Zhenjiang City 5. 3 Department of Jiangsu Province launched the “program” of pollutants compensation “marked price”, that is 15,000 yuan per ton chemical oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen per ton of 10 million, total phosphorus was 100,000 yuan per ton.

Jiangsu Province, also asked the basin according to provincial cities pilot program, to further clarify the water quality at the junction of responsibility area, detailed the specific responsibilities and the apportionment of funds. Wuxi, Changzhou, Suzhou and other places within the area have been carried out in various counties (cities), the District’s pollution compensation pilot, full implementation of the operation of the compensation for pollution.

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Ever experienced hearing a sound that made you feel irritated and gave you a bad headache? Then that is what we call as noise. Any sound that is not pleasing is called noise. If this noise or noises are already too loud resulting to disturbance in the balance of the environment, then it is considered now as noise pollution. Although it is just some noise, these noises can also cause bad effects in our health. Read along and find the causes of noise pollution and its possible effects.

In measuring sound, we use decibel (dB). We use such measurement to identify how intense the sound is. The eardrum gets damaged if exposed to 180 decibels and beyond. However, 85 decibels sound can already cause problem with the eardrum if one is constantly exposed to it. Remember that in every 10 decibels increase in a sound is equal to ten times the strength of the sound.

Sources of noise pollution can be grouped into two — the indoor source and the outdoor source. Noises such as loud music and noise from appliances are considered to belong to the former source and noises from machineries and vehicles are considered to be under the latter. Urban areas are noted to have higher noise pollution compared to rural areas because of the loud noises coming from the outside source.

Someone who is always exposed to loud noises is prone to developing health problems like sleep disorder and high blood. Too much exposure to loud noises can also lead to hearing problems. Noise pollution can also affect one, psychologically. Constant exposure to loud noises can make one become irritable, stressed, aggressive and can easily be annoyed. These effects are not just observed in humans. Animals tend to have a change in behavior for noise can disrupt their communication with others.

Because of the increasing problems relating to noise, different places decided to create laws that can regulate the noise, thus, lessening the noise pollution in a certain area. Some laws created totally prohibit loud noises in the entire day and there are also some laws that prohibit loud noises at certain time of the day.

These are the few of the important facts about noise pollution. Hopefully, this article was able to enlighten you about noise pollution and can encourage you not to contribute to the noises around you.

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Although many people think they have a good idea regarding the amount of pollution that is in the air in their homes, more often than not when testing occurs for air quality, peoples estimated numbers almost always fall very short of what the amount actually is. This is even moreso the case during the winter months, when windows have been sealed for the season and furnaces are whipping away at producing hot air to disperse throughout the home. The same warm air (for the most part) just keeps getting recycled over and over again. The degree of pollutants in the air of most homes is so bad that during the winter months, the air quality on average is more than times worse in the winter than it is in a home during the summer months.

So what can we do about these pollutants in the air? One of the neatest thing to do that many people do not realize they are doing is to get some indoor plants for the home, always keeping them out of the reach of young children and pets for safety (they both like to eat the leaves of indoor plants, but many of them are poisonous!). It will not take very long to do a good search on the Internet for safe products and ideas, and it will take even less time if you are specific about what you are looking for, what the prices of your options are, what many other people are saying about their experiences and a lot more information that you are going to find to be very beneficial.

It may seem cliche or like it is old news, but you should refrain from using aerosols indoors if you want to improve the health in the air of your home. They can cause respiratory distress in people who have asthma, lung diseases and even allergies. Instead, you can use other products that do not rely on pressurized gas to work! Always use ventilation fans, which pull contaminants out of the air for you.

Did you know that cleaning your humidifiers and even your shower curtains is going to improve the amount of clean air that is in your home? Most environments like the bathroom encourage the growth of mold, and if you spy some mold on your shower curtain or on your inner shower liner, you may as well be safe, throw it away and purchase a different one. You must understand that mold is a very, very expensive and difficult task to make! Change the air filters in your home on a regular basis. When you are thinking of pollutants in the air that we breathe every single day, be sure that you remember to change any and all of your air fresheners and neutralizers as you go along too.

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