Posts Tagged ‘Systems’

Get more info here about the research conducted in the Sustainable Energy Planning Group at Aalborg University:
http://www.EnergyPLAN.eu

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Smart Energy Systems: 100% Renewable Energy at a National Level (Full Version)
Denmark has decided to become independent from fossil fuels. For the sake of the climate, the economy, and in order to ensure security of energy supply. This film shows how this will happen based on research conducted at Aalborg University (http://www.smartenergysystems.eu).

At present wind and solar energy already delivers a good share of Denmark’s energy, but renewable energy is a major challenge for an energy system that is built upon fossil fuels. Energy production from wind and solar fluctuates – it fluctuates as the wind blows. So what renewables are reliable when there is no sun or wind energy available?

Another challenge is the transport sector. How do we create an energy system of renewable energy, where also cars, ships and planes can operate on fossil-free energy? A great example of an energy system that will ensure Denmark a 100% renewable energy system is called: Smart Energy Systems – a coherent, fossil-free energy system that will create lots of new jobs and green energy for the Danes, both in terms of electricity, heat and transport.

Production courtesy of:
http://www.webwall.tv/blueplanetinnovation
http://www.blueplanetinnovation.dk

How to Submit an Article on Open Journal Systems

This tutorial provides information about submitting an article to a journal in Open Journal Systems. This brief video walks the viewer through submitting an article, from determining the status of the submission to completing the five-step submission process.
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Three Systems of Government

The American people have had three systems of central government since 1775. The first was the wartime Continental Congress, appointed by the thirteen individual colonies, governing the general affairs of the Union for six years.

The second began in 1781 shortly before fighting ended. The Continental Congress governed under the Articles of Confederation, the first written constitution of this nation. And the third is the Constitution that this nation is governed by today, the Constitution of 1787, put into effect 1789.

Continental Congress

The Continental Congress drew its power from two things, the united determination of the people and the Congressional power to print money and make treaties. The paper money carried a pledge that it would be redeemed in gold or silver. With Congress unable and the states unwilling to levy taxes, Continental currency began to slide down hill, prices soared, more money was printed and inflation swept the nation. In late 1789, Congress quit printing money and called on the states to pay for the war. That did not solve the financial problems, but it did end Congress as a powerful governing body.

Before the money presses were shut down, James Madison wrote, “Congress had the whole wealth and resources of the continent within its command and could do as it pleased, but when the power was given up, it has become as dependent on the states as the King of England is on the Parliament”.

Articles of Confederation

Meanwhile, the Articles of Confederation were before the state legislatures for ratification. This new form of government had three weaknesses. The most serious was the absence of taxing power, leaving Congress completely dependent on the states, coupled with this was the inability of Congress to regulate commerce. The second defect was the voting procedure by which things were passed into law by the states, which paralyzed Congress. And third was a declaration that each state retained every power not expressly delegated to the Confederation. James Madison and others tried to wipe out these defects unsuccessfully, thus leaving a weak central government through the Articles of Confederation.

Framing The Constitution

The Articles of Confederation brought so much confusion and strife that if something was not done to form a stable government, this nation would most likely be broken into pieces. Thus a handful of men led by Hamilton and Madison pressed Congress to form a constitutional convention to revise the federal government. So the framers of our present Constitution gathered in Philadelphia in 1787, and for three months, worked in utter secrecy. Then their work was submitted to the state conventions for ratification. Much effort was put forth by men such as James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, in writing the Federalist Papers. In Virginia, James Madison won a timely debate with Patrick Henry to help ratify the Constitution.

All men wanted a strong government for America, but wanted no tyranny of any sort, so the government was divided into three branches. They separated the executive from the legislative branch and form them they set a strong and independent judiciary. The framers desired to protect property and they trusted the federal government, leaving it free, later adding the Bill of Rights to protect individual and property rights from government interference.

It was James Madison who put a solid foundation under democratic self-government. He said, “The abuses of democracy were at their worst in small republics (states). The only remedy was to enlarge the sphere of government that would divide the community into so great a number of interests and parties that it would be difficult to organize a majority for the oppression of the minority. State governments, being inclined to oppress minorities, must be held in check by federal authority and the federal authorities held in check by different branches of government.” His view was accepted and is built upon to this day. James Madison truly is the Philosopher of the Constitution.

Visit The Story of America, where the American story is shared from its beginnings in concise segments at: http://thestoryofamerica.org.

Article Source:
http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Alfred_Grenfell_Fishburne,_Jr/261

Criminal Justice systems are the practices and institutions of various governments that are directed at upholding social control so that crime is deterred and mitigated. It also stands for punishments, penalties and rehabilitation for those who have violated laws. Also, those who have been accused of crime are protected against the abuse of investigations and powers of prosecution. IN the US, criminal justice system consists of three parts: (i) legislative or creation of laws, (ii) court system and (iii) correction systems which stand for jails, prisons, probations and parole. All these agencies operated simultaneously both under the law and the principal of maintaining it in society.

In the justice system, an offender of the law will be contacted first by the police from a particular jurisdiction who investigates the wrong done and arrest the person. If the crime doer is dangerous nationally, a national law enforcement agency is called in for the investigation. The police are allowed to use force and other legal coercion methods to maintain public order. After the arrest, the courts serve as the place where disputes are settled and the justice system is upheld according to the law. People in the court are the judge, the prosecutor, and the defense attorney who will look at the crime that has been committed and dispose off the case with a final legal decision. The final determination of whether the person is guilty or innocent is made by a third party, namely the jury, the members of which are unbiased as they have no interest or connection with the case. The process of how this is carried out in the US justice system varies as it depends on specific jurisdictions. .

The justice system in the US is unique and consists of two separate levels of courts – state and federal. The governing day-to-day laws are state laws. Violations of federal law include those that involve federal government employees, crimes e.g. kidnapping that are committed across states and government fraud e.g. income tax. The majority of cases can be dealt with without a trial. When the accused confesses to the crime, a short process of the justice system is employed and judgment rendered quickly. The concept of plea bargaining in which the accused pleads guilty is allowed in America especially when the prosecutor’s case is weak. The crime doer can then assist the police in solving other crimes or there may be a reduced sentence.

A jail management system is a software wherein the records of all inmates in a particular jail are kept from booking to release and can be accessed without a problem. It is so designed that agencies can track the process of the prisoners inside the jail efficiently. Its advantages are:
1. Complete tracking of inmates
2. Booking and release
3. Medical treatments
4. Accounts for the work done
5. Identification and document import
6. Property of inmates
7. Scheduling of appearance in courts etc.

This is Ricky Williams and want share with you about Jail Management system, Justice Systems & Corrections Management in syscon. Syscon Justice Systems is the world’s leading provider of offender management solutions.