Posts Tagged ‘Type’

#iitutor #English #NewspaperWritingStyle

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Writing for a newspaper embodies the philosophy of ‘less means more’.
Journalists write less on the page to focus more eyeballs on their article and save the editor having to cut them off.
Writing concisely refers to only writing what is required and cutting out the rest.
Journalists do this in order to make their articles as short as possible.
It also makes what they write clear and direct. They do not overuse description or vocabulary, and concentrate on simply telling a reader what is important.
A ‘reading age’ is how a journalist’s writing style and vocabulary is tailored towards readers. It refers to reading level that a particular newspaper targets.
Depending on the publication, the age is generally set at either an 8th or 10th grade reading level. 
Newspapers articles (not features or columnists) are meant to be objective.
This means that they are unbiased.
News articles are written in the following ways:
Present both sides of the story
Written in passive voice
Adopt a neutral tone
Allow the reader form their opinion
Passive Voice is where the writer or speaker is ‘removed’ from what takes place. They have no active role or opinion.
Journalists use passive voice to remain impartial and avoid making accusations that cannot be proven.
They present ‘facts’ in such a way that a reader can draw their own conclusions.
The Story:
Monty and Jasper are two boys who had an argument in the school yard. Monty claims that a coin that Jasper found was his, while Jasper claims that he simply found the coin lying in the grass.
Thievery and verbal arguments are rife within a local primary school, with two students reprimanded over an ugly dispute involving a two dollar coin.
Tips for Your Writing
There are a number of lessons from the newspaper journalistic style that you can apply to your own writing:
Eliminate wordiness
Don’t overextend your vocabulary
Be direct
Make every word important
Edit, edit, edit!
Newspaper articles are concisely written
They are (mostly) objective
Use passive voice

#iitutor #English #TextTypeStudies

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Writing about Newspaper Articles
You can write about newspaper articles in a number of ways: and not just comprehension.

To fully interpret the validity, effects and techniques of a news article, you need to ask some questions.

How do they Grab Attention?
An article can grab attention through a headline, an image, or both.
The relationship between headline and image attracts a reader through by interest or emotional response. The first line of the article is important for maintaining this interest, or getting them to ‘click’.
Are they Truly Objective?
This bias can be seen in any way that a journalist adds personal opinion, be it political, social, cultural, religious or ideological.
While many articles are completely objective and impersonal some do indicate bias or emotion.
You must analyse what effect this bias has, if any, on the trustworthiness and validity of the article, and be critical.

What Sources do they Use?
A good test of the trustworthiness of a news article comes from the evidence or source that a news story uses.

Some are generally trustworthy such as:
Government spokesperson, police, professors, scientists, the subject of the article, photographic evidence

Some are less than trustworthy, such as:
Witnesses, ‘a source close to’, unrecognised ‘experts’, the subject of the article, ‘man on the street’

What Kind of Story is it?
Not all news stories are the same. All stories connect and attract readers in different ways.
They can be humorous, scandalous, sensational, fear-mongering, heart-warming or reflective.
All stories want to connect with reader in some way, and through this, they appeal directly or indirectly to emotions and interests.

How does it use Language?

The final question you should ask is how techniques are used, such as:
Exaggerated or sensationalist choices of language
Emotional or figurative language
Formal or colloquial style of language in reporting
Puns or rhetorical questions in headline
Any distinct layout or visual choices

The file name must be E06103.flv

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Feature articles are a forum for a writer to express their opinion using a fact-based argument geared toward a particular agenda.
They use a different pattern than newspaper reports.
The Writer
The writer is as much a part of the article as its content. Many represent ‘larger-than-life’ people
Personal Agenda
Personal beliefs are very much a part of an article, with commentary as important as facts
Language and Structure
Feature articles are a free-flowing conversation, with use of figurative and emotional language.
Big Bold Headline!
A feature article usually starts with a very short sentence to get the reader’s interest and state the issue. However, this can vary.
Argument begins here. Feature articles will interweave facts and/or statistics. Quotes are not quite as important. Usually directed toward a point.
May have single line statements to hammer a point home.
Continues on a powerful conclusion.
No Formal Structure
There is no formal structure, and sequencing is ordered by argument rather than events
Provides Background
Generally will discuss an issue with background and links to many sources and analogies
Usually finishes where it begins, and takes an argument full circle
A feature article will address its audience, often directly referring to them as ‘you, we, us, our’
Like an essay, a feature article is directed towards constructing an argument using facts, evidence and discussion.
Unlike an essay, however, it features a personal conversation between writer and the audience.
While there is no formal structure, it uses specifics and evidence to justify its opinion. It works like a public debate.
Feature articles usually have the following characteristics:
Use figurative and speculative language
Often use humour, analogies or puns
Incorporate facts in argument
Anecdotal and conversational
Often speaks to audience – uses 2nd person syntax (“you”)
Use emotional language
Feature articles are personal arguments
Use their own structure and style
Address an audience directly

What are Articles | When to use A, An and The | Type of Adjectives

Article are words used before noun and they modifies noun.
There are three articles in English, ‘a’,’an’ and ‘the’.
There are two types of Articles :
Definite Articles and Indefinite Articles.
‘the’ comes in definite article. ‘a and an’ comes in indefinite article

Usage of ‘A’ and ‘An’
Use ‘a’ when word start with a consonant sound and
‘an’ when word starts with a vowel sound.

Watch the entire video to understand the similarity and differences between both of them.

Please watch below video to understand in detail about different Grammar Topics.

Forms of Verbs :

Non Finite Verbs | Infinitives | Bare Infinitives | When to Use?

What is Gerund | Why to use Gerund | When to use Gerund | Verbal Noun | Q&A

Verbs | Main Verb and Auxiliary Verb.

Verbs | Transitive and Intransitive Verbs | Similarity | Differences

Seven Types of Pronoun :

Subject, Object and Verb :

Parts of Speech series :

Use of Capital Letters :

Phrases vs Clauses

Types of Clauses

Types of Sentences based on meaning


Active vs Passive Voice

Video playlist related to Tenses: